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The number of bank holidays in the UK is lower than most countries in Europe

People in Malta, Austria, Iceland and Portugal typically receive around two weeks or more of public holidays. England and Wales get only eight.

England and Wales are at the bottom of the list when it comes to public days off, compared with the rest of Europe.

Workers in both countries are usually entitled to eight bank holidays each year, although this was, exceptionally, increased to ten in 2022. Two additional bank holidays were added, firstly on account of Queen Elizabeth’s Platinum Jubilee, and secondly for her funeral on 19 September. In 2023 there will be nine bank holidays, as King Charles‘s coronation has been confirmed as a bank holiday. Scotland typically has one more day off than England and Wales; Northern Ireland has two more.


Despite the extra days the UK still falls behind on the European table. People in Malta, Austria, Iceland and Portugal typically receive around two weeks or more of public holidays. While some workers in Switzerland and Denmark receive a comparable public holiday allowance to England and Wales, regional variations mean that many workers in Austria receive more days off, while in Denmark labour agreements and work contracts mean that some workers and sectors will receive up to four more days.

However, unlike the UK, many countries in Europe do not compensate workers with an extra day off should a public holiday fall on a weekend – and in some countries such as the Netherlands, not all workers are entitled to a day off on every public holiday. 

The Trades Union Congress (TUC) has called on the government to increase the number of public holidays in England and Wales by four to bring it closer to the EU average, which it says is 12.8 days.

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Frances O’Grady, general secretary of the TUC, said: “Some politicians have been calling UK workers lazy, but we work some of the longest hours in Europe and we get the fewest public holidays.”

[See also: Which striking workers have public support?]

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This article was originally published on 29 August 2022.

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