Italy’s centrist Prime Minister Matteo Renzi was forced to resign late on Sunday after he lost a referendum on constitutional change.
With most ballots counted, 60 per cent of Italians voted No to change, according to the BBC. The turn out was nearly 70 per cent.
Voters were asked whether they backed a reform to Italy’s complex political system, but right-wing populists have interpreted the referendum as a wider poll on the direction of the country.
Before the result, former Ukip leader Nigel Farage tweeted: “Hope the exit polls in Italy are right. This vote looks to me to be more about the Euro than constitutional change.”
The leader of France’s far-right Front National, Marine Le Pen, tweeted “bravo” to her Eurosceptic “friend” Matteo Salvini, a politician who campaigned for the No vote. She described the referendum result as a “thirst for liberty”.
In his resignation speech, Renzi told reporters he took responsibility for the outcome and added “good luck to us all”.
Since gaining office in 2014, Renzi has been a reformist politician. He introduced same-sex civil unions, made employment laws more flexible and abolished small taxes, and was known by some as “Europe’s last Blairite”.
However, his proposed constitutional reforms divided opinion even among liberals, because of the way they removed certain checks and balances and handed increased power to the government.