Support 100 years of independent journalism.

  1. Politics
22 October 2018updated 07 Jun 2021 2:57pm

What is the government’s working majority in parliament?

By New Statesman

After the defection of Conservative MP Phillip Lee to the Liberal Democrats, Boris Johnson’s government no longer has a working majority in parliament. 

At present, the Conservatives hold 309 seats (excluding deputy speaker Eleanor Laing, who by convention does not vote). The Democratic Unionist Party, with whom the Tories maintain a confidence and supply agreement, hold ten seats, making a total of 319. Under the terms of the pact agreed in 2017, the DUP backs the government in motions of confidence and spending (supply) or budget votes. 

On the opposition benches, Labour hold 245 seats (excluding two deputy speakers), the Liberal Democrats hold 14, the SNP hold 35, the Independent Group for Change hold five, Plaid Cymru hold four, the Green Party hold one and there are 15 independent MPs. The opposition total of 320 excludes seven Sinn Fein MPs who, in accordance with the party’s long-standing abstentionist stance, do not take their seats. 

The government’s working majority earlier fell from four to just two after Tory MP Charlie Elphicke had the whip suspended having been charged with sexual assault. 

Johnson’s is now the first prime minister since John Major to lead a minority government. Major lead an administration with no majority from December 1996 until Labour’s general election victory in May 1997. Johnson also has the smallest constituency majority (5,034 in Uxbridge and South Ruislip) of any prime minister since Labour’s Ramsay MacDonald in 1924. 

Sign up for The New Statesman’s newsletters Tick the boxes of the newsletters you would like to receive. Quick and essential guide to domestic and global politics from the New Statesman's politics team. The best of the New Statesman, delivered to your inbox every weekday morning. The New Statesman’s global affairs newsletter, every Monday and Friday. A handy, three-minute glance at the week ahead in companies, markets, regulation and investment, landing in your inbox every Monday morning. Our weekly culture newsletter – from books and art to pop culture and memes – sent every Friday. A weekly round-up of some of the best articles featured in the most recent issue of the New Statesman, sent each Saturday. A weekly dig into the New Statesman’s archive of over 100 years of stellar and influential journalism, sent each Wednesday. Sign up to receive information regarding NS events, subscription offers & product updates.
I consent to New Statesman Media Group collecting my details provided via this form in accordance with the Privacy Policy