100 good reasons to be a republican

Put not your trust in Princes - Psalm 146.

1) Certainly that people needs be mad or strangely infatuated that build the chief hope of their common happiness or safety on a single person; who, if he happen to be good, can do no more than another man; if he happen to be bad, hath in his hands to do more evil without check than millions of other men. 

John Milton, 1660

 

2) Class! Yes, it is still here. Terrific staying power, and against the historical odds. What is it with that old, old crap? The class system just doesn't know when to call it a day. 

Martin AmisLondon Fields, 1989

 

3) To inherit a government is to inherit the people. 

Tom Paine, 1791

 

4) The insuperable objection to monarchy is that the king or queen is elevated, and respect is accorded, for no reason other than birth . . . No one who believes either in the claims of merit or in the pursuit of equality can defend the system. 

Mervyn Jones, 1977

 

5) It has been said, not truly, but with a possible approximation to truth, that in 1802 every hereditary monarch was insane. 

Walter Bagehot, 1867

 

6) [Monarchy] is as absurd as an hereditary mathematician. 

Tom Paine, 1791

 

7) It is in principle wrong and absurd that people should wield power on the basis of birth, not merit or election . . . There are no conceivable grounds for maintaining this system. 

Tony Blair, 1996

 

8) You should study the peerage, Gerald . . . It is the best thing in fiction the English have ever done. 

Oscar Wilde (1854-1900)

 

9) The old elites, establishments that have run our professions and our country for too long. Who have kept women and black and Asian talent out of our top jobs and senior parts of government and the services. Who keep our bright inner-city kids from our best universities. And who still think the House of Lords should be run by hereditary peers in the interests of the Tory party. 

Tony Blair, 1999 Labour Party conference

 

10) She holds a unique place in the heart of the nation and many people across the world. 

Tony Blair at a service for the Queen Mother, 13 July 2000

 

11) This romancing about the royal family is, I fear, only a minor symptom of the softening of the brain of socialists enervated by affluence, social prestige and political power.

Beatrice Webb on the 1929 Labour government

 

12) One of the most depressing experiences of my life was to hear the propagandised uniformity of the responses from people who were ordinarily cheerful, decent, democratic and rather subversive in some of their manners . . . "I wouldn't have her job." Well, I wanted to say, no one is going to ask you. And if they did, you could not say yes, because you were not born in the right place. 

Christopher Hitchens, 1994

 

13) I wish men to be free
As much from mobs as kings -
From you as me.

Lord Byron (1788-1824)

 

14) An islander from Tuvalu or Kiribati coming to Britain, especially if he was a Polynesian anthropologist, would think: What gives here? What is the extraordinary credulity and deference of these people? What will they not believe? 

Christopher Hitchens, 1994

 

15) The metaphor of the king as the shepherd of his people goes back to ancient Egypt. Perhaps the use of this particular convention is due to the fact that, being stupid, affectionate, gregarious and easily stampeded, the societies formed by sheep are most like human ones. 

Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic, 1957

 

16) When it is said that our royal family is the envy of foreigners, I have always noticed that what foreigners particularly like is that it is ours and not theirs.

David Hare, 1994

 

17) Of course they should keep it - for our entertainment.

Editorial in the New York Times, 1996

 

18) Strip your Louis XIV of his king-gear, and there is nothing left but a poor forked radish with a head fantastically carved. 

Thomas Carlyle, 1840

 

19) It's a sign of the tragic immaturity of Britain as a nation that we should be obsessed in the year 2000 with a reactionary old woman who has never done anything except act as a parasite on the body politic. 

Piers Brendon, 2000

 

20) We must call up battles and banners and many ghosts and glories before we see whatever it is that we do see in the picture of a princess feeding a bear with a bun. 

Virginia Woolf (1882-1941)

 

21) If Britain has become a quaint spectacle, a licensed and pensioned relief from the modern world, a Ruritania for condescending delectation, the monarchy is the special article for the customers with Diners cards. 

Mervyn Jones, 1977

 

22) [Monarchy is like] something kept behind a curtain, about which there is a great deal of bustle and fuss . . . but when, by any accident, the curtain happens to be open, and the company see what it is, they burst into laughter.

Tom Paine, 1791

 

23) How is it that the British, the first modern industrial society, should have such a blatant anachronism at their centre? Isn't this a huge example of a failure of self-analysis? An inability to see ourselves as others see us?

Republican Alliance, 2000

 

24) People with an over-abundance of dignity and an oversupply of power have always in the end been targets for laughter.

Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977)

 

25) Made you a moron. 

Sex Pistols, 1977

 

26) I have often thought that the case against retaining the monarchy, which I usually construct in terms of the way it institutionalises deference, can be expressed much more simply: it rots the brain. 

Joan Smith, 2000

 

27) Crown: A headgear that makes the head superfluous.

Gabriel Laub, Polish author, b 1928

 

28) Once you touch the trappings of monarchy, like opening an Egyptian tomb, the inside is liable to crumble. 

Anthony Sampson, 1965

 

29) Of the various forms of government that have prevailed in the world, a hereditary monarchy seems to present the fairest scope for ridicule. 

Edward GibbonDecline and Fall of the Roman Empire, (1776-1788)

 

30) All monarchy rests upon deference, the instinct to cringe. Its opposite is the association of free autonomous citizens thinking for themselves. Monarchy, once despotism, has dwindled by way of crowd control into a sickly cult of the hereditary celeb. 

Edward Pearce, 2000

 

31) Royalty is but a feather in a man's cap; let children enjoy their rattle.

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658)

 

32) I think the royal family in great danger of reinventing themselves out of existence and boring the nation to death. 

Paul Flynn MP, 2000

 

33) Kings are not born; they are made by universal hallucination. 

George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)

 

34) A modern monarchy is possible - just as it is possible to buy alcohol-free lager or vegetarian sausages that look and smell vaguely like pork. But what's the point? 

Francis Wheen, 1998

 

35) A state can only survive as a true republic or a true monarchy.

Niccolo MachiavelliThe Prince, 1532

 

36) We assert that no nation can long endure half republic and half empire.

Democratic National Platform, 1900

 

37) The brood of that dutiful and pleasant gentlewoman Elizabeth II and her immediate connections is now distending the country with a brand new and brazen aristocracy; a nouveau ancien regime

New Statesman, 1986

 

38) Whereas Charles Stuart, King of England, is standeth convicted, attainted and condemned of high treason and other high crimes; and sentence upon Saturday last was pronounced against him by this court, to be put to death by the severing of his head from his body; of which sentence execution yet remaineth to be done. These are therefore to will and require you to see the said sentence executed, in the open street before Whitehall, upon the morrow . . . And these are to require all officers and soldiers, and others of the good people of this nation of England, to be assisting unto you in this service.

High Court of Justice, January 1649

 

39) Free not to have to puff some prince's wedding,
free to say up yours to Tony Blair,
to write an ode on Charles I's beheading
and regret the restoration of his heir . . . 
. . . 30th January, 1649,
though it's hard to use the date for self-promotion
the anniversary's gone with not a line
from toadies like Di-deifying Motion.

Tony Harrison's reaction to rumours that he would entertain an offer to become Poet Laureate in 1999 (Andrew Motion accepted)

 

40) Accountability of the executive is fundamental to any democracy. Where power is based not upon statute but upon the royal prerogative, it is this accountability which suffers. 

Jack Straw, 1994

 

41) A Parliament of knaves and sots,
Members by name you must not mention,
He keeps in pay, and buys their votes,
Here with a place, there with a pension:
When to give money he can't cologue 'em,
He doth with scorn porogue, porogue 'em.

New upstarts, pimps, bastards, whores,
That locust-like devour the land,
By shutting up the Exchequer doors
(When thither our money was trepanned)
Have rendered Charles his Restoration
But a small blessing for the nation.

John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, on Charles II, 1672

 

42) The royal refugee our breed restores
With foreign courtiers and with foreign whores,
And carefully repeopled us again
Throughout his lazy, long, lascivious reign.

Daniel Defoe on the restoration of Charles II, 1701

 

43) When Charles duly betrayed her best friend's granddaughter, continuing his affair with a fellow officer's wife before, during and after their marriage, the Queen Mother betrayed all her apparent principles by condoning her grandson's adultery and taking his side against the girl she had trapped into marrying him.

Anthony Holden, 1997

 

44) Our first-born is the greatest ass, the greatest liar, the greatest canaille and the greatest beast in the whole world, and we heartily wish he was out of it.

George II on his son Frederick, Prince of Wales

 

45) The family who were once icons of cleanliness in a dirty world have turned out to be the most single-minded bunch of shaggers in Christendom. 

Julie Burchill, 1999

 

46) An obstinate, self-indulgent, miserly martinet with an insatiable sexual appetite. 

Frederick, Prince of Wales on his father George II

 

47) I hope the best for Wills but, because that's the maddest family since the Munsters, we wouldn't be shocked if he turned out to be a cross-dresser who wanted to marry a corgi.

Julie Burchill, 1999

 

48) Here lies Fred,
Who was alive and is dead.
Had it been his father,
I had much rather.
Had it been his brother,
Still better than another.
Had it been his sister,
No one would have missed her.
Had it been the whole generation,
The better for the nation.
But since 'tis only Fred,
Who was alive, and is dead,
There's no more to be said.

Anonymous lines on the death of Frederick, Prince of Wales, 1751

 

49) An old, mad, blind, despised and dying king. 

Shelley on George III

 

50) Nor should Prince Charles succeed our present queen,
and spare us some toad's ode on coronation.
I'd like all suchlike odes there have ever been
Binned by a truly democratic nation.

Tony Harrison, "Laureate's Block", 1999

 

51) Princes, the dregs of their dull race, who flow
Through public scorn - mud from a muddy spring -
Rulers who neither see, nor feel, nor know,
But leechlike to their fainting country cling.

Shelley, 1819

 

52) It is this basic turn of mind - the country is theirs not in trust, but by right - which has lately given the monarchy its peculiarly sullen character. The House of Windsor has not bothered to be generous because, literally, it does not see why it needs to be. 

David Hare, 1994

 

53) And when the gorgeous coffin was laid low,
It seem'd the mockery of hell to fold
The rottenness of eighty years in gold. 

Byron on the funeral of George III

 

54) Those in the cheaper seats clap. The rest of you rattle your jewellery. 

John Lennon, 1963 Royal Variety Performance

 

55) Most gracious Queen, we thee implore
To go away and sin no more,
But if that effort prove too great,
To go away at any rate.

Anonymous epigram on Queen Caroline, 1820

 

56) I believe, in a case like yours, the man should sow his wild oats and have as many affairs as he can before settling down. 

Lord Mountbatten (1900-79) to Prince Charles

 

57) A libertine over head and ears in debt and disgrace, a despiser of domestic ties, the companion of demi-reps, a man who has just closed half a century without a single claim on the gratitude of his country or the respect of posterity. 

Leigh Hunt on the 50th birthday of the future King George IV, 1812

 

58) [Then] choose a sweet-charactered girl before she meets anyone else she might fall for. 

Lord Mountbatten to Prince Charles

 

59) There have been good and wise kings, but not many of them. Take them one with another, they are of an inferior character, and this I believe to be one of the worst of the kind. The littleness of his character prevents his displaying the dangerous faults that belong to great minds, but with vices and weaknesses of the lowest and most contemptible order it would be difficult to find a disposition more abundantly furnished.

Charles Cavendish Greville on George IV

 

60) Two-thirds of our government is unelected. The head of state enjoys power, wealth and status due solely to an accident of birth. Isn't it time to think again? 

South London Republican Forum, 2000

 

61) Though useless, kings are very expensive. 

Richard Carlile, 1820

 

62) Things get harder when the distance that lends enchantment cedes to the contempt bred of familiarity . . . The dominant impression the Windsors convey - by design rather than by accident - is of a clan of stolid zombies, barren of feeling and clenched of brain. 

Glen Newey, 1998

 

63) There never was an individual less regretted by his fellow creatures than this deceased King. What eye has wept for him? What heart has heaved one sob of unmercenary sorrow?

The Times on the death of George IV, 1830

 

64) Royalty is a neurosis.
Get well soon.

Adrian Mitchell to Charles Windsor

 

65) His late Majesty, though at times a jovial and, for a king, an honest man, was a weak, ignorant, commonplace sort of person. 

The Spectator on the death of William IV, 1837

 

66) No glass of ours was ever raised
To toast the Queen.

Seamus Heaney, who also had no intention of becoming Poet Laureate in 1999

 

67) These commanding premises to be let or sold, in consequence of the late inhabitant's declining business. 

Notice pinned to the railings of Buckingham Palace after Queen Victoria's withdrawal to Windsor, 1864

 

68) While the castle stands it is theirs, but when it burns down it is ours. 

Janet Daley, 1992, when the public was told to pay for the cost of the Windsor Castle fire

 

69) If you can show me a fair chance that a republic here will be free from the political corruption that hangs about monarchy, I say, for my part - and I believe the middle classes in general will say - let it come!

Sir Charles Dilke, 1871

 

70) This boy [the future Edward VIII] will be surrounded by sycophants and flatterers by the score and will be taught to believe himself as of a superior creation. A line will be drawn between him and the people whom he is to be called upon some day to reign over. 

Keir Hardie, 28 June 1894

 

71) She does not belong to us, she belongs to them. She is not Queen of England. She is Queen of the Establishment." 

Billy Bragg on Elizabeth II, 1994

 

72) I am going to see that well-known opera "The Merry Wives of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha". 

Kaiser Wilhelm II on hearing that his cousin, George V, had changed the family name to Windsor during the First World War

 

73) All the monarchical governments are military. War is their trade.

Tom Paine, 1791

 

74) He, too, is going the dictator way, and is pro-German, against Russia, and against too much slipshod democracy. I shouldn't be surprised if he aimed at making himself a mild dictator. 

Chips Channon on Edward VIII, 1936

 

75) It would be a tragic thing for the world if Hitler was overthrown. 

Edward VIII as Duke of Windsor to Liberty magazine, 1941

 

76) She would have made a good Queen. 

Adolf Hitler on the Duchess of Windsor, September 1939

 

77) The strongest poison ever known
Came from Caesar's laurel crown.

William Blake (1757-1827)

 

78) When Neville Chamberlain returned from Munich on 30 September 1938, he was driven straight from Heston aerodrome to Buckingham Palace - where, by royal invitation, he stood alongside the King and Queen on the balcony to acknowledge the cheers of the crowd. John Grigg once described this photo opportunity, which took place before parliament could debate or vote on the Munich agreement, as "the most unconstitutional act by a British sovereign in the present century". 

Francis Wheen on the Queen Mother, 2000

 

79) [The royal family] often drink a toast at the end of the dinner to Mrs Thatcher. She [the Queen Mother] adores Mrs Thatcher. 

Woodrow Wyatt Diaries, 1986

 

80) She [the Queen Mother] thinks that it is awful how the BBC and media misrepresent everything that Botha is trying to do. 

Woodrow Wyatt Diaries, 1986

 

81) When wilt thou save the people Oh God of Mercy? When? The people, Lord, the people! Not thrones and crowns, but men! 

Ebenezer Eliott, "The People's Anthem", (1781-1849)

 

82) The president this country needs would have no executive authority . . . Ideally, it should be somebody of whom we have never heard. I challenge you to tell me the name of the president of Germany. Perhaps more important, in the summer of 2000, we can be absolutely sure that his mother is not exalted above all others or that, when he dies, his widow will not be elevated to the status of saint and martyr. Nor will his son automatically succeed him in the presidency. If that seems a reasonable state of affairs, whether you know it or not, you are a republican.

Roy Hattersley, 2000

 

83) We have explored the temple of royalty, and have found that the idol we have bowed down to has eyes that see not, ears that hear not our prayers, and a heart like the nethermillstone.

Samuel Adams, speech in Philadelphia, 1776

 

84) The Queen's relationship to God changes as she moves over the Scottish border. She becomes less important.

Andrew DuncanThe Reality of Monarchy, 1970

 

85) The rank is but the guinea's stamp,
The man's the gowd for a' that!

Robert Burns (1759-1796)

 

86) As children we learned how to do without the tooth fairy and Santa Claus. Now we're grown-ups, shouldn't we learn how to do without the monarchy?

Claire Rayner, 2000

 

87) Republics in which high birth gives no right to the government of the state are, in that respect, the most happy; for the people have less reason to envy an authority. 

MontesquieuCauses de la grandeur des Romains et de leur decadence

 

88) It's odd - being the 21st century, at a time of fundamental constitutional reform, to be saddled with a 19th-century monarchy. The waves of reform need to lap a bit further up the beach. 

Norman Baker MP, 2000

 

89) Our first concern as lovers of our country must be to enlighten it. Why are the nations of the world so patient under despotism? . . . Show them they are men, and they will act like men. 

Reverend Richard PriceOn the Love of Our Country, 1789

 

90) I was much an enemy to monarchy before I came to Europe. I am ten thousand times more so since I have seen what they are. There is scarcely an evil known in these countries which may not be traced to their king as its source, nor a good which is not derived from the small fibers of republicanism existing among them.

Thomas Jefferson in a letter to George Washington, 1788

 

91) Democracies are commonly more quiet and less subject to sedition than where there are stirps of nobles.

Francis BaconEssays, 1625

 

92) Real democracy will exist only when "every man is, in his own proper self a king" - when the ordinary has become extraordinary.

Tom Nairn, 1988

 

93) Put not your trust in 
Princes.

Psalm 146

 

94) I believe that it's Elizabeth the Last. 

Stephen Haseler, chairman of the Republican Society, 2000

 

95) It's curtains for you, Elizabeth my dear. 

Stone Roses, 1989

 

96) We know in our hearts that the monarchy is a historical absurdity. But because we lack the courage to abolish it (as indeed we lack the courage for any radical undertaking), we are taking out our anger at our own bad faith and torturing the individuals involved. 

David Hare, 1994

 

97) One is the objection that a king, once in office, can't be got rid of. The answer is that kings are got rid of very often, and usually very easily. 

H L Mencken, 1933

 

98) All republicans have to do is keep their nerve. The old bullfrog is puffing itself up for its last croak. 

Tom Nairn, 2000

 

99) He deign'd not to belie his soul in songs,
Nor turn his very talent to a crime;
He did not loathe the Sire to laud the Son,
But closed the tyrant-hater he begun.

Byron on Milton's republicanism, 1818

 

100) What I have spoken is the language of that which is not called amiss "The Good Old Cause". 

John Milton, 1660

 

Compiled by Nick Cohen, Francis Wheen, Steve Richards, Tessa Bold, Julius Walker, Caroline Igguiden. 7 August 2000.

Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall on a recent tour of Oman. Photo: Getty.

Letters, articles and notes from the New Statesman's centenary archive.

Getty
Show Hide image

"We repealed, then forgot": the long shadow of Section 28 homophobia

Why are deeply conservative views about the "promotion" of homosexuality still being reiterated to Scottish school pupils? 

Grim stories of LGBTI children being bullied in school are all too common. But one which emerged over the weekend garnered particular attention - because of the echoes of the infamous Section 28, nearly two decades after it was scrapped.

A 16-year-old pupil of a West Lothian school, who does not wish to be named, told Pink News that staff asked him to remove his small rainbow pride badge because, though they had "no problem" with his sexuality, it was not appropriate to "promote it" in school. It's a blast from the past - the rules against "promoting" homosexuality were repealed in 2000 in Scotland, but the long legacy of Section 28 seems hard to shake off. 

The local authority responsible said in a statement that non-school related badges are not permitted on uniforms, and says it is "committed to equal rights for LGBT people". 

The small badge depicted a rainbow-striped heart, which the pupil said he had brought back from the Edinburgh Pride march the previous weekend. He reportedly "no longer feels comfortable going to school", and said homophobia from staff members felt "much more scar[y] than when I encountered the same from other pupils". 

At a time when four Scottish party leaders are gay, and the new Westminster parliament included a record number of LGBTQ MPs, the political world is making progress in promoting equality. But education, it seems, has not kept up. According to research from LGBT rights campaigners Stonewall, 40 per cent of LGBT pupils across the UK reported being taught nothing about LGBT issues at school. Among trans students, 44 per cent said school staff didn’t know what "trans" even means.

The need for teacher training and curriculum reform is at the top of campaigners' agendas. "We're disappointed but not surprised by this example," says Jordan Daly, the co-founder of Time for Inclusive Education [TIE]. His grassroots campaign focuses on making politicians and wider society aware of the reality LGBTI school students in Scotland face. "We're in schools on a monthly basis, so we know this is by no means an isolated incident." 

Studies have repeatedly shown a startling level of self-harm and mental illness reported by LGBTI school students. Trans students are particularly at risk. In 2015, Daly and colleagues began a tour of schools. Shocking stories included one in which a teacher singled out a trans pupils for ridicule in front of the class. More commonly, though, staff told them the same story: we just don't know what we're allowed to say about gay relationships. 

This is the point, according to Daly - retraining, or rather the lack of it. For some of those teachers trained during the 1980s and 1990s, when Section 28 prevented local authorities from "promoting homosexuality", confusion still reigns about what they can and cannot teach - or even mention in front of their pupils. 

The infamous clause was specific in its homophobia: the "acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship" could not be mentioned in schools. But it's been 17 years since the clause was repealed in Scotland - indeed, it was one of the very first acts of the new Scottish Parliament (the rest of the UK followed suit three years later). Why are we still hearing this archaic language? 

"We repealed, we clapped and cheered, and then we just forgot," Daly says. After the bitter campaign in Scotland, in which an alliance of churches led by millionaire businessman Brian Souter poured money into "Keeping the Clause", the government was pleased with its victory, which seemed to establish Holyrood as a progressive political space early on in the life of the parliament. But without updating the curriculum or retraining teaching staff, Daly argues, it left a "massive vacuum" of uncertainty. 

The Stonewall research suggests a similar confusion is likely across the UK. Daly doesn't believe the situation in Scotland is notably worse than in England, and disputes the oft-cited allegation that the issue is somehow worse in Scotland's denominational schools. Homophobia may be "wrapped up in the language of religious belief" in certain schools, he says, but it's "just as much of a problem elsewhere. The TIE campaign doesn't have different strategies for different schools." 

After initial disappointments - their thousands-strong petition to change the curriculum was thrown out by parliament in 2016 - the campaign has won the support of leaders such as Nicola Sturgeon and Kezia Dugdale, and recently, the backing of a majority of MSPs. The Scottish government has set up a working group, and promised a national strategy. 

But for Daly, who himself struggled at a young age with his sexuality and society's failure to accept it, the matter remains an urgent one.  At just 21, he can reel off countless painful stories of young LGBTI students - some of which end in tragedy. One of the saddest elements of the story from St Kentigern's is that the pupil claimed his school was the safest place he had to express his identity, because he was not out at home. Perhaps for a gay pupil in ten years time, that will be a guarantee. 

0800 7318496