Shadow chancellor Chris Leslie at the Progress annual conference in London on May 16, 2015. Photograph: Getty Images.
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Labour backs four-year public sector pay cap

Shadow chancellor Chris Leslie says "difficult decisions have to be made" after Osborne limits pay increases to 1 per cent. 

There were cries of outrage from the Labour benches when George Osborne announced in his Budget that public sector pay increases would be capped at 1 per cent for the next four years But at his press gallery briefing, new shadow chancellor Chris Leslie made it clear that he won't be joining them. 

Asked about the move, he said: "It's difficult, and a lot more than public sector workers were expecting. We don't deny that difficult decisions have to be made and we accept, and we did in the last parliament, that pay restraint is sadly necessary over this period. The only things that we would say is that they do have to be fairer to those on the lowest pay in the public sector and, secondly, I don't think they should just casually disregard the pay review body findings if it says that you need a fairer public sector pay structure across the different levels."

Leslie, who is in line to become shadow chancellor if Yvette Cooper wins the leadership contest, added: "It is very difficult, I think we've got to weigh up some of these changes and be more thoughtful in the way that we don't just literally oppose everything, as Harriet was saying, tempting though it might be to oppose everything. We don't want to see public sector jobs being lost in the way that would happen if you found departments choosing to raise pay but making people redundant. And that is a very difficult and somewhat invidious choice for those departments. Ultimately, I think a level of restraint is probably necessary."

His position is an attempt to frame Labour as a responsible opposition party, rather than merely a repository of protest. But his position will antagonise MPs and affiliated trade unions, such as Unite, who believe that public sector workers have already endured too much pain. 

When I asked about Leslie about Osborne's planned budget surplus law, which would prevent government borrowing in "normal economic times", he told me that Labour was "predisposed" to support the measure but set three conditions. They are: 1.  "We've got to be sure that it can defend our national security, so this business about 2 per cent increase, we've got to check that's something that can be sustained under that new proposal, preparing for emergencies and so forth." 2. "Can it protect the most vulnerable in society? If he signs up to this surplus rule, what's going to be the effect on the automatic stabilisers in terms of helping people through a business cycle." 3. "The third one is the viability of public services".

He added: "We think there's a debate to be had about the conditions on that small print ... If he includes some of those conditions then it's the sort of thing we would obviously want to support, because the stock of debt is so significant following the banking crisis that we've got to begin to get more headway and naturally you would want have more income coming in than expenditure .... It will be interesting if he proposes it as something that is unamendable, if we don't get a chance to debate it, if it's just take it or leave it, that I don't think would be thoughtful politics". 

Leslie's main criticisms of the Budget were that Osborne's planned "National Living Wage" was merely a rebranding of the minimum wage  (which did not account for the cuts to in-work benefits) and that productivity was forecast to fall every year until the end of the parliament. But as his response to several of the Chancellor's measures shows, Labour is determined not to fall into the trap of mere oppositionism.

George Eaton is political editor of the New Statesman.

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Why a group of Brunel students walked out on Katie Hopkins instead of no-platforming her

"We silently walked out because Ms Hopkins has the right to speak, but we also have the right to express our discontent."

Earlier this week, columnist and all-round provocateur Katie Hopkins turned up to Brunel University to join a panel in debating whether the welfare state has a place in 2015. No prizes for guessing her stance on this particular issue

But as Hopkins began her speech, something odd happened. Around 50 students stood up and left, leaving the hall half-empty.

Here's the video:

As soon as Hopkins begins speaking, some students stand up with their backs to the panelists. Then, they all leave - as the nonplussed chair asks them to "please return to their seats". 

The walk-out was, in fact, pre-planned by the student union as an act of protest against Hopkins' appearance at an event held as part of the University's 50th anniversary celebrations. 

Ali Milani, the Brunel Student Union president, says he and other students knew the walk-out would "start a conversation" around no-platforming on campuses, but as he points out, "What is often overlooked (either purposely or as a result of the fanfare) is that the conversation at no point has been about banning Ms Hopkins from speaking on campus, or denying her right to speak."

Instead, students who found her appearance at the welfare debate "incongruous" and "distasteful" simply left the room: "We silently walked out because Ms Hopkins has the right to speak, but we also have the right to express our discontent."

Milani praised the student body for treading the line between freedom of speech and expressing their distaste at Brunel's decision: 

"They have respectfully voiced their antagonism at the decision of their institution, but also . . . proven their commitment to free of speech and freedom of expression."

The protest was an apt way to dodge the issues of free speech surrounding no-platforming, while rejecting Hopkins' views. A walk-out symbolises the fact that we aren't obliged to listen to people like Hopkins. She is free to speak, of course, albeit to empty chairs. 

Barbara Speed is a technology and digital culture writer at the New Statesman and a staff writer at CityMetric.