To be sure of victory, Biden needs to flip at least two of these states. But exit poll data suggests white voters without a college education – a well represented demographic in these areas – haven’t swung as much to the Democrats as initial voting returns and earlier polling had suggested.
Ohio is an example of how this can hurt Biden. In Ohio, Trump is flipping counties he didn’t win in 2016. He has consolidated his grip among working-class whites, but has lost it among those with a college education.
Trump’s loss of college educated whites isn’t of much consequence in Ohio, when turnout among those working-class whites is up so substantially on 2016 that they make up an even larger proportion of the state’s electorate than ever before. This has the effect of muting Biden’s gains among middle-class whites, a group that now makes up a smaller share of the electorate than in 2016.
But the demographic makeup in Pennsylvania suggests such a shift there would deal better dividends for Biden there.
In Pennsylvania we are still waiting on votes from the more suburban and middle-class counties in the region – ditto, it should be said, Georgia. Ohio’s cross-breaks bodes well for Biden’s chances in the neighbouring Rust Belt state, but to what extent that will extend to wins in Michigan and Wisconsin, and, indeed, Georgia, is yet to be seen.
We’re in for the long haul, here!