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Labour has checkmated itself on Brexit

The opposition is giving up its only meaningful threat - blocking Article 50. 

Speaking yesterday on the economy John McDonnell gave a little more detail of the Labour Party’s position on Brexit. “It’s time we all were more positive about Brexit,” he said, in words that will have surprised few observers of Labour’s referendum campaign.

And he continued:

“We are insisting on full, tariff-free access to the Single Market for our businesses because this is the best way to protect jobs and living standards here.”

“Labour wants to see an ambitious Brexit Britain.

“And the British public know that only a Labour government can make an economic success of Brexit, as we are the only party prepared to make the hard choices, and invest seriously to grow a post-Brexit Britain we can all be proud of.”

This all sounds splendid. But what did he say about how he means to do it?

Well, he did clarify Labour’s position a little. “We must not try to re-fight the referendum or push for a second vote and if Article 50 needs to be triggered in parliament Labour will not seek to block or delay it," he said. 

So what avenues for influence does this leave left?

The government’s position has but one merit: clarity. It says the government – not Parliament but the executive – will negotiate the deal. And Parliament should not dictate negotiating terms. This is the necessary logical consequence of its decision to appeal the Article 50 case to the Supreme Court. And it is consistent with the position the government was briefing yesterday – that if it lost in the Supreme Court it would seek to introduce an "amendment proof" three line Article 50 Bill. Such a Bill might formally comply with the constitutional requirements outlined by the Supreme Court but is designed to deny to Parliament any substantive control over the outcome of Brexit.

Now, in a world where Conservative MPs are being blocked from having a say by their own government, how is Labour to deliver its vision of a Brexit Britain?

Well, if McDonnell is to be taken at face value, it won’t.

Labour has said it will not block or delay an Article 50 Bill. This would seem to have as its consequence that Labour will not seek to amend it either. Tabling Amendments to the Bill in the Commons or Lords will inevitably cause delay. And how, without the sanction of blocking or delaying a Bill that does not contain them, is Labour to compel the government to adopt its amendments? This stance would hand complete control of Brexit negotiations over to the government

But assume I am wrong.

Assume that Labour, with the help of the SNP and Liberal Democrats, succeeds in inserting into the Article 50 Bill its “Good Brexit” pre-conditions. How will Labour police their delivery?

To answer this question, we must wind the clock forward to just before March 2019, the moment the government returns to Parliament with a final deal negotiated with our EU partners.

If Labour’s Good Brexit preconditions are delivered, job done. But what about the – I would suggest more likely – situation where they are not? What then?

Logically there are only three possibilities. 

  • First, Labour waves the deal through anyway, having failed to police its objectives.
  • Second, Labour blocks the deal. We would leave the EU without one. Again, Labour would have failed to deliver its objectives.
  • A third possibility would arise if Parliament retained a residual right to block the deal without leaving the EU. In demanding that right Parliament would, in effect, be saying: “Unless you the government do what Parliament demands, we will either reject the deal and Remain, or put the deal to the electorate in a Second Referendum.”

The first two don't achieve parliamentary control. Only the third does. And so long as Article 50 is legally revocable – which is likely but will need to be resolved elsewhere – it is a meaningful threat. Indeed, it is the only meaningful threat. Unless Parliament issues it, Labour demands for parliamentary control are mere sound and fury. They signify nothing. 

But here’s the problem. McDonnell has explicitly ruled it out. “This means we must not try to re-fight the referendum or push for a second vote," he declared this week.

He’s checkmated himself. And that’s a pity. It’s a pity because it removes any opportunity for Labour to shape the terms upon which we leave the EU. And it’s a pity, because it’s just the wrong course.

Writing in the Financial Times earlier this month, I said (of the possibility of a Parliamentary vote on the final deal or a second referendum) this:

“No one knows what Brexit means. It is possible that, as its advocates have contended, it will deliver greater democracy and prosperity. But it is also possible that, as time goes on, the sunlit uplands foreseen by Boris Johnson dissolve into mere mirage.

Imagine this. It is November 2018. The promise trade deals have failed to appear. Unemployment and inflation are on the rise. The public mood towards Brexit has turned ugly, and so have negotiations with our biggest and nearest trading partner. In that world, any rational MP would wish that, back in November 2016, she had left ajar the door to remaining in the EU.”

If the evidence – as opposed to the cheap and unaccountable predictions – were to show that prosperity had deserted the country in anticipation of Brexit we would be mad to ignore it. Only someone scared of what the evidence will show tomorrow chooses to make a decision based on assumptions today.

This line of reasoning is powerful. Indeed, it is not easy to identify a coherent alternative. It is a great pity that John McDonnell has appeared to rule it out.

(This is a version of a longer piece appearing on today).

Jolyon Maugham is a barrister who advised Ed Miliband on tax policy. He blogs at Waiting for Tax, and writes for the NS on tax and legal issues. 

Photo: Getty
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The rise of the green mayor – Sadiq Khan and the politics of clean energy

At an event at Tate Modern, Sadiq Khan pledged to clean up London's act.

On Thursday night, deep in the bowls of Tate Modern’s turbine hall, London Mayor Sadiq Khan renewed his promise to make the capital a world leader in clean energy and air. Yet his focus was as much on people as power plants – in particular, the need for local authorities to lead where central governments will not.

Khan was there to introduce the screening of a new documentary, From the Ashes, about the demise of the American coal industry. As he noted, Britain continues to battle against the legacy of fossil fuels: “In London today we burn very little coal but we are facing new air pollution challenges brought about for different reasons." 

At a time when the world's leaders are struggling to keep international agreements on climate change afloat, what can mayors do? Khan has pledged to buy only hybrid and zero-emissions buses from next year, and is working towards London becoming a zero carbon city.

Khan has, of course, also gained heroic status for being a bête noire of climate-change-denier-in-chief Donald Trump. On the US president's withdrawal from the Paris Agreement, Khan quipped: “If only he had withdrawn from Twitter.” He had more favourable things to say about the former mayor of New York and climate change activist Michael Bloomberg, who Khan said hailed from “the second greatest city in the world.”

Yet behind his humour was a serious point. Local authorities are having to pick up where both countries' central governments are leaving a void – in improving our air and supporting renewable technology and jobs. Most concerning of all, perhaps, is the way that interest groups representing business are slashing away at the regulations which protect public health, and claiming it as a virtue.

In the UK, documents leaked to Greenpeace’s energy desk show that a government-backed initiative considered proposals for reducing EU rules on fire-safety on the very day of the Grenfell Tower fire. The director of this Red Tape Initiative, Nick Tyrone, told the Guardian that these proposals were rejected. Yet government attempts to water down other EU regulations, such as the energy efficiency directive, still stand.

In America, this blame-game is even more highly charged. Republicans have sworn to replace what they describe as Obama’s “war on coal” with a war on regulation. “I am taking historic steps to lift the restrictions on American energy, to reverse government intrusion, and to cancel job-killing regulations,” Trump announced in March. While he has vowed “to promote clean air and clear water,” he has almost simultaneously signed an order to unravel the Clean Water Rule.

This rhetoric is hurting the very people it claims to protect: miners. From the Ashes shows the many ways that the industry harms wider public health, from water contamination, to air pollution. It also makes a strong case that the American coal industry is in terminal decline, regardless of possibile interventions from government or carbon capture.

Charities like Bloomberg can only do so much to pick up the pieces. The foundation, which helped fund the film, now not only helps support job training programs in coal communities after the Trump administration pulled their funding, but in recent weeks it also promised $15m to UN efforts to tackle climate change – again to help cover Trump's withdrawal from Paris Agreement. “I'm a bit worried about how many cards we're going to have to keep adding to the end of the film”, joked Antha Williams, a Bloomberg representative at the screening, with gallows humour.

Hope also lies with local governments and mayors. The publication of the mayor’s own environment strategy is coming “soon”. Speaking in panel discussion after the film, his deputy mayor for environment and energy, Shirley Rodrigues, described the move to a cleaner future as "an inevitable transition".

Confronting the troubled legacies of our fossil fuel past will not be easy. "We have our own experiences here of our coal mining communities being devastated by the closure of their mines," said Khan. But clean air begins with clean politics; maintaining old ways at the price of health is not one any government must pay. 

'From The Ashes' will premiere on National Geograhpic in the United Kingdom at 9pm on Tuesday, June 27th.

India Bourke is an environment writer and editorial assistant at the New Statesman.

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