Martin Plaut is a fellow at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London. His most recent book is a biography of Robert Mugabe with Sue Onslow.
From cyber-warfare to organised crime, foreign powers can engage in a range of hostile acts without traditional weapons.
The “crocodile” is biting back.
Cyril Ramaphosa, who replaced Jacob Zuma, has promised an election in 2019.
The parties are now gearing up for the fight, but they do so with the knowledge there could be bloody consequences.
But the tensions between different anti-apartheid groups were real.
Theresa May was grilled on whether she agreed with the Iron Lady’s 1980s views.
Emmerson Mnangagwa wants the international community to forget the past, but the escalating violence makes it impossible.
Nelson Chamisa, 40, is facing the incumbent 75-year-old Emmerson Mnangagwa, who has close links to the military.
British troops are more active in the Horn of Africa than many realise.
Why do men stand so far back?