A United Nations resolution calling for a 30-day ceasefire across Syria, agreed on 24 February, has proved meaningless.
Like the plaited, interwoven roots of an ageing tree, the rivalries and intrigues of the Syrian conflict are long and sinewy.
Its message remains as defiant as ever.
As many as a hundred women are believed to have left Britain for Isis territory since 2013.
IS tells its members they are divinely obligated to fight for its cause, but that results come from God.
From the Manchester bomber to Sharia4Holland – how Western terrorists become radicalised.
Above all, the Gulf states want stability. Can this beleaguered US president bring order?
Whoever leads the country after this conflict comes to an end will inherit not just the rubble and ruins, but a ravaged people, too.
All politicians bluff and bluster. But the significance of this American attack on Syria is invested in the fact it happened at all.
President Bashar al-Assad’s forces used chemical weapons – most likely sarin – against civilians. Again.
After six years of war, Syria’s moderate rebels are broken and marginalised. And now, as Bashar al-Assad has wished for so long, al-Qaeda extremists are leading the insurgency.