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From pain point to painless: parking’s future is smart

Technological change will make fines a thing of the past.

If Hercules had faced a thirteenth labour, it surely would have been parking in a crowded town centre on a busy Saturday afternoon. For many, parking conjures up visions of endless searching, pricey car parks and frantic dashes to feed the pay-and-display machine to avoid a penalty.

Those days are coming to an end. A wave of new technology is ripping through the parking industry, changing the status quo and profoundly altering the parking journey and changing consumer behaviours. What does this mean for drivers, towns, cities and parking operators?

According to Nigel Williams, managing director of UK parking consultancy Parking Matters, “we can see how technological innovation, combined with societal and demographic change, is transforming the way we work, spend our leisure time, travel, and shop. Those same forces will also transform how we own and use cars, and consequently the way we park. The good news is that the days of parking fines and penalties are numbered.” The UK, European and North American markets are awash with parking apps. 

These apps have proven popular because they help drivers overcome one of the most time-consuming, environmentally damaging and frustrating aspects of parking – finding an available space within a specified area at a reasonable price. Their arrival constituted the first phase of a revolution for parking consumers and signalled a shift in focus for the parking industry. These new apps form part of what the British Parking Association calls the “Positive Parking Agenda”. They give customers information, choices and greater control over their parking, reflecting the new reality that shoppers and visitors increasingly need to be wooed.

Digital visibility – ensuring that apps and their users are aware of what’s on offer – will be key to the success of towns and cities. With big data at their fingertips, customers know what the options are and will choose the best available. Going forward, if you’re not on the map you simply won’t exist and if no convenient parking is available, then cars and apps will recommend alternative destinations. This fundamental change will essentially alter the way that towns, cities and parking operators approach consumers. Proactive strategies for creating online visibility will become an absolute must. Those who have taken their first steps are already ahead of the game.  

Tech start-ups aren’t the only ones actively working on converting consumer pain points into golden opportunities. The automotive industry is also getting into the game as part of its drive towards a future of autonomous vehicles. With their next generation of cars, parkers will be able to entirely delegate the hassle of parking. “Our cars will be able to locate an available space near the driver’s destination, guide them there, make sure the space meets comfort and budget requirements, park themselves and even pay the parking fee,”says  Ulrich Vornefeld, head of parking at BMW Group.

Although the media sometimes makes it sound as though autonomous cars are just around the corner, it will be many years before the majority of cars in urban areas are driving themselves. This is because of the complex legal, regulatory and technical issues involved.  However, automated valet parking (AVP) is a much simpler prospect.

With AVP motorists have a lot to look forward to. They will get out of their cars at a drop-off point, their vehicles will drive away and park themselves in the nearby car park and then be waiting at the pick-up point when the drivers are ready to leave. We can expect to see this service being introduced within the next five years.

The technological advances needed to make this automation possible, and the resulting change in consumer expectations, signal a seismic shift that will constitute a challenge for both public and private parking operators. Local authority parking services will have to adapt to increasing expectations of an efficient, user-friendly service operating within the context of intense public scrutiny.

They will need to evolve from enforcers to enablers and to fully embrace the important role that parking plays in creating and maintaining attractive, safe and healthy communities. A change of emphasis from issuing penalty notices to providing real-time information to apps, connected vehicles and drivers on where to park and how to pay easily is essential for the regeneration of the high street.

To achieve this metamorphosis, at a time of immense pressure to reduce costs, local authorities will have to rely heavily on technology. Parking management, both on and off-street, will be totally dependent on technology and become largely a question of data and payment systems. Forward-looking local authorities are already implementing smart parking to improve service for consumers and reduce operating costs.

They are also introducing a Positive Parking Agenda that focuses on parking management rather than enforcement.  These actions will ensure that valuable kerb space is shared fairly, in ways that improve the environment and help maintain urban centres as vibrant cultural, retail and leisure destinations.

Nigel Williams concludes that “the parking industry is changing, radically so. If we get things right, parking will soon be a completely painless experience for the customer.” Hercules and the British public certainly hope he’s right.

Keith Williams is technical director at Parking Matters.


Flickr.com/Highways England
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Chris Grayling says scrapping rail electrification has saved passengers “years of delays”

The Transport Secretary suggested taxpayers’ money could be better spent on upgrading diesel trains to run on hydrogen instead.

Chris Grayling has defended his decision not to proceed with three major rail electrification projects.

Appearing before the Transport Select Committee for a second time to explain his judgment to drop plans to modernise the Great Western line from Cardiff to Swansea, the Midland Main Line and tracks in the Lake District last summer, he said: “Spending £500m to enable the same trains to travel on the same track, at the same speed, isn’t a terribly good use of taxpayers’ money.”

Network Rail’s electrification programmes around the United Kingdom, most notably on the Great Western main line from London to Swansea, which started in 2014, had been described as a crucial development that would bring cleaner, faster and more reliable services for passengers.

The committee’s chair, Lilian Greenwood, said that scrapping electrification projects represented bad news for passengers and raised “serious questions about the government’s willingness to invest in the long-term future of our railways and their commitment to the decarbonisation of transport”.

The Transport Secretary, however, insisted that passengers could benefit from “modern bi-mode trains” instead, and would no longer have to put up with engineering works, potentially causing “years of disruption”.

Grayling repeatedly told the committee it was better to focus efforts on boosting capacity rather than electrification. He also said that already available bi-mode trains, which can operate using both electric and diesel power depending on whether overhead cables are installed, could be modernised further in the future to be battery or hydrogen-powered. 

The Member of Parliament for Epsom and Ewell added: “My job is to try to maximise the value to passengers of the investments that we make. With bi-mode trains you're getting all the passenger benefits without any of the disruption, no passenger’s travel experience is going to be worse by using bi-mode trains.

“I’ve talked to senior people in the industry who believe there will only be one generation of diesel engines on the bi-modes and the second generation will be hydrogen engines. We’re looking now to try and get the first hydrogen trains on our network…Battery trains now are becoming a real possibility.”

Committee member Daniel Ziechner, though, was unconvinced, labelling the bi-mode concept as the “worst of both worlds” and pointing out that maintenance of these trains is twice as expensive. Bi-mode trains are heavier, he explained, which increases a risk of damage to the tracks.  

And Roger Ford, the industry and technology editor of Modern Railway, submitted written evidence to the committee ahead of Grayling’s hearing. He said: “To be blunt, the claim that bi-mode trains will provide passengers with the same quality of service is a face-saving attempt to justify cancellation of the onward electrification from Cardiff to Swansea.”

Ford argued that electric trains offered better “operating costs, environmental impact, energy efficiency, reliability and passenger comfort.” He said bi-mode trains would have to carry “up to 10 tonnes of diesel power pack and fuel under 60 per cent of its coaches” and that “performance is thus degraded in both modes by either excessive weight or lack of power”.

Rohan Banerjee is a Special Projects Writer at the New Statesman. He co-hosts the No Country For Brown Men podcast.