What is the government's working majority in parliament?

After defeat to the Liberal Democrats in the Brecon and Radnorshire by-election, the government’s majority has fallen to just one seat. 


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After the Conservatives’ defeat in the Brecon and Radnorshire by-election, the government’s working parliamentary majority has fallen to just one seat. 

At present, the Conservatives hold 310 seats (excluding deputy speaker Eleanor Laing, who by convention does not vote). The Democratic Unionist Party, with whom the Tories maintain a confidence and supply agreement, hold ten seats, making a total of 320. Under the terms of the pact agreed in 2017, the DUP backs the government in motions of confidence and spending (supply) or budget votes. 

On the opposition benches, Labour hold 245 seats (excluding two deputy speakers), the Liberal Democrats hold 13, the SNP hold 35, the Independent Group for Change hold five, Plaid Cymru hold four, the Green Party hold one and there are 16 independent MPs. The opposition total of 319 excludes seven Sinn Fein MPs who, in accordance with the party’s long-standing abstentionist stance, do not take their seats. 

The government's working majority earlier fell from four to just two after Tory MP Charlie Elphicke had the whip suspended having been charged with sexual assault. 

Johnson’s majority is the smallest of any prime minister since John Major who led a minority government — with no majority — from December 1996 until Labour’s general election victory in May 1997. As prime minister, Johnson will also have the smallest constituency majority (5,034 in Uxbridge and South Ruislip) of any PM since Labour's Ramsay MacDonald in 1924.