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Catherine Deneuve doesn’t speak for France, or feminism

As a feminist, as a millennial, as a Frenchwoman, I feel betrayed and I am angry.

“Rape is a crime. But heavy or clumsy flirting isn’t a misdemeanour, nor chivalry a macho aggression.”

This is the introduction to the op-ed published in Le Monde on Tuesday, which was signed by 100 French actresses, journalists, novelists and artists including Catherine Deneuve. It describes a new “puritanism” born in the wake of the Harvey Weinstein scandal and the #metoo movement (#balancetonporc in French) and regrets that women not willing to take part in the movement are seen as “traitors and accomplices”.

To them, the movement, a “legitimate wake-up call of the sexual violence that women live with, especially in their professional lives” has turned into a “witch hunt”. “We stand for the freedom to importune and seduce, which is essential to sexual freedom,” they write, and wish that women who are harassed in public transport such as the metro see their aggression as “the expression of sexual misery, or a non-event”. And then there’s the kicker: “We don’t recognise ourselves in this feminism that, beyond the denunciation of power abuses, embodies a hatred of men and sexuality.”

As a feminist, as a millennial, as a Frenchwoman, I feel betrayed and I am angry. It is clear by linking “feminism” to “hatred of men” that none of the signatories of this op-ed understands what feminism means. But because it is Catherine Deneuve, and she is famous enough, the piece has been widely covered at home and abroad, and that makes me ashamed of what the world will think of France.

I often hear that the French are “a generation behind”. It’s not always untrue – our president thinks he’s Tony Blair, after all. But Catherine Deneuve’s vision of a society where men should be free to “importune and seduce” women without them (God forbids!) complaining or even just talking about it indulges a broader, international idea of “French culture”. From the defenders of Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the French politician dogged by accusations of harassment (which he has consistently refuted), to every clichéd French seducer in fiction, France really doesn’t need another op-ed telling men they are right when their “seduction” crosses the line.

Catherine Deneuve was born in 1943, and her acting career peaked in the 1950s and 1960s, most notably abroad with Luis Buñuel’s Belle de Jour. Today, she doesn’t speak for France, and she certainly doesn’t speak for French feminism.

It is therefore all the more infuriating that it is her voice, and her message, which reveals no understanding of what feminism, and indeed the #metoo movement, actually stand for, that will be heard all around the world. All because she is an “iconic” actress.

There are many brilliant French women the world should look at, and listen to. These women have valuable insights into feminism, sexual assault, and sexism, about where things are for women in France today and what can be done about it. Unfortunately, these kick-ass French artists, journalists, novelists, filmmakers, actors and philosophers don’t get international media coverage because they are – for now – lesser known than Deneuve. So hey! Let’s change that.

There’s Pénélope Bagieu, an illustrator and comics author whose comics series Brazen tells the life story of great women in world history, from African queens to American scientists.

There’s Léa Bordier, a filmmaker and YouTube who interviews women about their own body, how they view it, live with it and have learned to accept it, or not.

There’s Virginie Despentes, the author of King Kong Theory, who writes “as an ugly one for the ugly ones; the old hags, the dykes, the frigid, the unfucked, the unfuckables, the neurotics, the psychos, for all those girls that don’t get a look-in in the universal market of the consumable chick.”

There’s Diglee, an illustrator whose work honours female artists and authors throughout time.

There’s Elsa Dorlin, a philosopher and expert in the history of French sexism and racism.

There’s Emma, a blogger whose comics “You should’ve asked”, on women’s emotional work at home and in relationships, went viral and has been published in English in the Guardian.

There’s Sara Forestier, an actress, director and screenwriter who regularly speaks up about sexism.

There’s Amandine Gay, a film director and Afro-feminist whose film Ouvrir la voix gives a voice to black Frenchwomen and shines a light on France’s systemic racism.

There’s Emilie Jouvet, a photographer and filmmaker who directed the first French LGBT porn film, and whose projects focus on women’s sexualities.

There’s Titiou Lecoq, a journalist who for a couple years now has been recording every single case of domestic abuse resulting in death, and writing about it, listing the name and story of each of the women who were killed by their partner or ex, in France, each year. In 2017, there were 109.

There’s Maïa Mazaurette, an author and journalist who writes about sex and sexuality with humour, curiosity and expertise.

There’s Mirion Malle, an illustrator who draws comics to deconstruct sexism in pop culture.

There are the journalists at Magazine Cheek, a digital website covering the news with a feminist voice.

There’s Ovidie, a director and former porn actress who directs feminist porn films and writes about sexuality.

There’s Céline Sciamma, a director whose films include Girlhood, the coming of age of two women from Paris’ rough neighbourhoods; and Tomboy, a childhood tale on gender and feeling different.

There’s Solange Te Parle, a Canadian YouTuber who speaks (in French) about life, relationships, culture, sex and feminism in her funny and disturbingly honest videos.

And these are just a few. Click on all these links if you speak French. Even click if you don’t. These are the real voices of France’s women, and they’re already so much louder, and more powerful, than Deneuve’s op-ed ever could.

Pauline Bock writes about France, the Macron presidency, Brexit and EU citizens in the UK. She also happens to be French.

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The UK is suffering from an extreme case of generational inequality

Millennials across the developed world are struggling. But the UK stands out. 


“Don’t it always seem to go, that you don’t know what you’ve got till it’s gone”

Joni Mitchell’s lyrics may refer to her first trip to Hawaii, but they could just as easily apply to UK trends in generational living standards that the Resolution Foundation’s Intergenerational Commission has uncovered. That’s particularly so in light of new analysis comparing these trends internationally.

While there are huge living standards differences between high-income countries, there is also much shared ground, with the financial crisis and demographic patterns putting pressure on younger generations’ living standards everywhere. But the UK stands out. With the partial exception of Spain, no other country in living memory has experienced as large a “boom and bust” in generation-on-generation progress across both incomes and home ownership rates.

On incomes, the millennials (born 1980-2000) who have reached their early 30s are just 6 per cent better off than generation X (born 1966-80) when they were the same age. This is very small progress indeed when compared with the progress older generations are enjoying – baby boomers (born 1946-65) in their late 60s are 29 per cent better off than the silent generation (born 1926-1945).

These sorts of slowdowns have occurred in most countries, but not to the same extent. In the US, millennials in their early 30s are doing 5 per cent worse than their predecessors, but this compares to relatively modest 11 per cent gains for generation X relative to the baby boomers. In fact, in the US – despite higher levels of income – the absence of generational progress is what stands out. Typical incomes in the US for those aged 45-49 are no higher for those born in the late 1960s than they were for those born in the early 1920s.

Back to the UK. The “had it then lost it” story is also clear when we look at housing. Our previous research has shown that young people in the UK face much higher housing costs (relative to incomes) than older generations did when they were making their way in the world. In a large part this is driven by the rise and fall of home ownership.UK home ownership rates surged by 29 percentage points between the greatest generation (born 1911-1926) and the baby boomers, but this generation-on-generation progress has been all but wiped out for millennials. Their home ownership rate in their late 20s, at 33 per cent, is 27 percentage points lower than the rate for the baby boomers at the same age (60 per cent).

This fall between generations is much smaller in other countries in which housing is a key areas of concern such as Australia (a 12 percentage points fall from boomers to millennials) and the US (a 6 percentage point fall). As with incomes, the UK shows the strongest boom and bust – large generation-on-generation gains for today’s older cohorts followed by stagnation or declines for younger ones.

Let’s be clear though, the UK is a relatively good place to grow up. Ours is one of the most advanced economies in the world, with high employment rates for all age groups. In other advanced economies, young people have suffered immensely as a result of the financial crisis. For example, in Greece millennials in their early 30s are a shocking 31 per cent worse off than generation X were at the same age. In Spain today the youth (15-30) unemployment rate is still above 30 per cent, over three times higher than it is in the UK.

But, if everything is relative – before the parking lot came the paradise – then the UK’s situation isn’t one to brush away. Small income gains are, obviously, better than big income falls. But what matters for a young person in the UK today probably isn’t how well they’re doing relative to a young person in Italy but how this compares with their expectations, which have been shaped by the outcomes of their parents and grandparents. It’s no surprise that the UK is one of the most pessimistic countries about the prospects for today’s young.

The good news, though, is that it doesn’t have to be like this. In other parts of the world and at other times, large generation-on-generation progress has happened. Building more homes, having strong collective bargaining and delivering active labour market policies that incentivise work are things we know make a difference. As politicians attempt to tackle the UK’s intergenerational challenges, they should remember to look overseas for lessons.