This week’s knee-jerk policy to appease our grandparents is a £200 a year added to the cost of non-EU migrants visas to cover the costs of their healthcare when inside the UK. Jeremy Hunt, the Tory Minister responsible for the bill, claims this will prevent an epidemic of “health tourism“. You’d think Hunt would be more sympathetic to the plight of foreigners likely to need medical care, given his well known love of Australian octogenarian visitors.
That’s one of the many ironies of the policy, of course. While it’s designed and marketed as dealing with some kind of incredibly rare edge case – someone like Bimbo Ayelebola, the Nigerian single mum of quintuplets, the bulk of the people who will end up paying it are the New York lawyer, the Australian student, the Indian entrepreneur – the kind of immigrants who in theory, we want. As usual with this sort of measure, the largely imaginary people it’s designed to stop either won’t pay it, or will pay the small levy and be health tourists anyway – £200 looks pretty cheap compared to the average hospital bill.
It also doesn’t do anything to stop the kind of low skilled migration that does apparently worry people on doorsteps and keeps Nigel Farage on Question Time, because a huge amount of that sort of migration comes through the EU, or is illegal anyway.
I mean, obviously, the policy is incredibly stupid on its own terms, even before you go into the maths – in 2011-2012 the NHS spent £33m on treating foreign nationals, of which around £21m was recovered (through directly charging them or via health insurance). The remaining £12m as a proportion of the £109bn NHS budget is almost negligible. It will be interesting to see how this ahem, “giant” £12m subsidy to foreigners can be reconciled with the costs of administering it, not to mention the added costs of untreated foreign nationals walking around with potentially infectious diseases. Still, I suppose Jeremy Hunt can avoid getting TB by hiding in a bush. Of course, it could be designed as a revenue raising exercise in the first place, as there are as many as five million people living here who it will affect.
Earning an extra £200 per person probably sounds pretty tempting, and in theory, it’ll pull support from UKIP, and that is probably what motivated the announcement in the first place. My question is, why should these people pay extra? The most ludicrous part of this whole package of measures is that it’s predicated on the notion that these foreigners aren’t paying their way. Of course, the vast bulk of non-EU foreigners who live in the UK are here on work visas – so they of course pay tax, national insurance, all the rest of it.
On that note, here’s an email I recently received:
Dear friends, family and colleagues,
As many of you will know, I married Kristina last month, who I met when we were both students at the National Film and Television School. We love each other and want to spend our lives together.
We both wanted to start out in our respective careers (animation and cinematography) in the UK, but are now coming up against the misguided, cruel and fundamentally stupid new visa rules for the husbands and wives of British citizens. Kristina, who is from the US, may very well be forced to leave the country before 21st April, when her student visa expires – in a week’s time – because we don’t meet the new financial threshold, which is three times higher than it was before July 2012.
Under the current rules, introduced last July, 47% of employed British citizens would not be able to keep a non-EU spouse in the UK. It’s affecting thousands of people, but they are a small part of overall immigration. The government seems to be pandering to extremists by pledging to reduce immigration, and the stringent new rules in the area of marital visas are an attempt to make a small reduction in the figures any which way they can, given the fact that most immigration is from the EU, which they cannot control. Non-EU immigrants have always had their visas stamped ‘no recourse to public funds’, so the government’s argument about wanting to reduce the burden on the state makes no sense.
But something more fundamental is wrong here: the government is effectively saying that I only really had the right to marry a British or EU citizen, since as it stands, I seem to be penalized for marrying someone of a non-European nationality. Marriage rights have been stratified, plain and simple, and by being under a certain income threshold people are being treated as second class citizens.
It’s a common story – so much for the value of traditional marriage, eh?
While that’s all important – and hopefully enough that this silly idea won’t survive the eight-week consultation it’s due to go through – the thing that strikes me about this policy is how much business leaders hate it. It’s the cherry on top of the vast sundae of the other anti-immigration measures that have been proposed and implemented in the last few years – everything from Cleggbonds, to language requirements, to rules about how much people’s spouses have to be earning in order to qualify for marital residency.
Indeed, if you go to most businesses, and ask them for the one supply side reform they’d like, they won’t tell they’d like to be able to sack people more easily, or wish they could pay less than the minimum wage, they’ll tell you they’d like to make it easier to hire foreigners. Currently, most businesses will reject non-EU nationals as soon as they hear they need a visa because it’s too much red tape to sponsor an application. Even if people are willing to put up with the uncertainty of the hire based on a bureaucrat’s say-so, then usually firms will only want to go through the shocking incompetence of the UK border authority once.
Even if you can find a firm willing to sponsor you, the fees for the individuals fees are enormous – £600 every six months is not uncommon, especially if you have to renew your contract regularly. £200 a year on top of that perhaps doesn’t sound like much to millionaire Jeremy Hunt, and people are bandying around phrases like “it’s only £16 a month”, but it’s not like there’s an easy direct debit option to spread your payments. An £800 upfront cost for a Visa, plus a bundle of other red tape, is enough to put off exactly the sort of people we want – skilled, hard-working valuable migrants, like students who have studied here who want to stay on.
Anyway, as you can see, individually, these measures might almost make sense to your great aunt who “just thinks Britain isn’t British anymore”. But taken together, they add up to a huge sign on the door of Britain saying foreigners aren’t welcome, and they only hurt the kind of law-abiding, hard working migrants the average over 60 on the doorstep professes to like. This is a huge problem – turning the cold shoulder to migrants is costing us billions, and pulling hugely skilled individuals out of the economy. It’s about time all those politicians who bang on about kickstarting growth through supply side reform come out from under their rocks and make the case for the benefits of immigration.