In a complicated fight in a densely populated city such as Mosul, civilians will die. But under international humanitarian law, belligerents must do all they can to protect them.
Aleppo once housed the greatest souk in the Levant, but now it’s a city in ruins and the people are gone.
There is a specific word for the melancholy of Istanbul. The city is suffering a mighty bout of something like hüzün at the moment.
Scarred by bombs and the rise of jihadists, Iraq has not had a day of real peace since the 2003 invasion.
A remarkable group of archaeologists are battling to save the country’s ancient artifacts.
If the British and others are right, then much of what has looked immovable in the Middle East is going to be very different.
Binyamin Netanyahu, Naftali Bennett, Yisrael Beytenu - each of Israel's potential leaders faces an uncertain future as the country votes.
War has been raging in Syria for nearly four years and much of the country is in ruins, yet Bashar al-Assad is still in power. And the view from the presidential palace is brightening.
In Damascus, the war seems to have receded, and Bashar al-Assad looks more comfortable than ever.
The war in Syria is made of several smaller wars that sometimes run in parallel and sometimes cross over, like railway junctions on the express to hell.
The BBC's Middle East editor reports from Gaza.
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