The smooth succession from father to son was put in doubt after thousands of people took to the streets to call for a referendum on the future of the monarchy.
When we think about writing about Spain's civil war, we go first to Orwell's Homage to Catalonia or Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls. Why were Spanish authors mistrusted?
Twenty-seven per cent of Spain's population is unemployed - over six million people. In a ferociously competitive job market, Spaniards see learning a foreign language as the best way of distinguishing themselves from others.
Regional parties mitigate the threat of a single populist party winning national support.
As protestors surround Madrid, Catalonia ponders independence.
The country's 8,000 miners are determined to stop their jobs and communities disappearing.
Level seen as psychologically important
Another problem for the Spanish bailout