Morning Call: pick of the papers

The ten must-read comment pieces from this morning's papers.

1. Under the iPads and PS4s the ghoul of debt is lurking (Guardian)

Wages are low, debt is rising, and our economy is as vulnerable as it was five years ago, writes John Harris. Yet the Christmas binge is back.

2. Take if from me: wages are not going to rise much over the coming years (Independent)

The Office for Budget Responsibility’s forecasts are way too optimistic, says David Blanchflower. 

3. Obama cannot lead from behind on trade (Financial Times)

Continuing to tiptoe around the issue is unlikely to serve the president for much longer, says Edward Luce.

4. In Scotland, the unionists need to win hearts, not minds (Guardian)

An economic argument won't decide the independence referendum, says Chris Huhne. What matters is whether Scots feel British.

5. I was planning on a dash for the aspirin – and then you rang in (Daily Telegraph)

Rich rainmakers and hedgies need to copy the generosity shown by the Telegraph’s readers, says Boris Johnson. 

6. MPs' pay: Westminster unreality cheque (Guardian)

The gap between what MPs say about their own pay in private and what they feel constrained to say in public is immense, notes a Guardian editorial. 

7. Reasons not to fear superchildren (Financial Times)

Pisa represents only one measure of performance in schools, writes Sam Freedman.

8. Osborne’s festive bells simply don’t ring true (Times)

What recovery? Britain is weighed down by old people and lack of productivity, writes Emma Duncan. 

9. An obsessive’s documenting of Israeli war crimes in Lebanon can show us how the west lost respect for international law (Independent)

One Norwegian officer left Lebanon with a typed report on torture taped to his chest, writes Robert Fisk. 

10. A gender gap that simply doesn’t add up (Daily Telegraph)

The shocking divide between boys and girls in maths and science is damaging Britain, says Elizabeth Truss. 

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Why Angela Merkel's comments about the UK and US shouldn't be given too much weight

The Chancellor's comments are aimed at a domestic and European audience, and she won't be abandoning Anglo-German relationships just yet.

Angela Merkel’s latest remarks do not seem well-judged but should not be given undue significance. Speaking as part of a rally in Munich for her sister party, the CSU, the German Chancellor claimed “we Europeans must really take our own fate into our hands”.

The comments should be read in the context of September's German elections and Merkel’s determination to restrain the fortune of her main political rival, Martin Schulz – obviously a strong Europhile and a committed Trump critic. Sigmar Gabriel - previously seen as a candidate to lead the left-wing SPD - has for some time been pressing for Germany and Europe to have “enough self-confidence” to stand up to Trump. He called for a “self-confident position, not just on behalf of us Germans but all Europeans”. Merkel is in part responding to this pressure.

Her words were well received by her audience. The beer hall crowd erupted into sustained applause. But taking an implicit pop at Donald Trump is hardly likely to be a divisive tactic at such a gathering. Criticising the UK post-Brexit and the US under Trump is the sort of virtue signalling guaranteed to ensure a good clap.

It’s not clear that the comments represent that much of a new departure, as she herself has since claimed. She said something similar earlier this year. In January, after the publication of Donald Trump’s interview with The Times and Bild, she said that “we Europeans have our fate in our own hands”.

At one level what Merkel said is something of a truism: in two year’s time Britain will no longer be directly deciding the fate of the EU. In future no British Prime Minister will attend the European Council, and British MEPs will leave the Parliament at the next round of European elections in 2019. Yet Merkel’s words “we Europeans”, conflate Europe and the EU, something she has previously rejected. Back in July last year, at a joint press conference with Theresa May, she said: “the UK after all remains part of Europe, if not of the Union”.

At the same press conference, Merkel also confirmed that the EU and the UK would need to continue to work together. At that time she even used the first person plural to include Britain, saying “we have certain missions also to fulfil with the rest of the world” – there the ‘we’ meant Britain and the EU, now the 'we' excludes Britain.

Her comments surely also mark a frustration born of difficulties at the G7 summit over climate change, but Britain and Germany agreed at the meeting in Sicily on the Paris Accord. More broadly, the next few months will be crucial for determining the future relationship between Britain and the EU. There will be many difficult negotiations ahead.

Merkel is widely expected to remain the German Chancellor after this autumn’s election. As the single most powerful individual in the EU27, she is the most crucial person in determining future relations between the UK and the EU. Indeed, to some extent, it was her intransigence during Cameron’s ‘renegotiation’ which precipitated Brexit itself. She also needs to watch with care growing irritation across the EU at the (perceived) extent of German influence and control over the institutions and direction of the European project. Recent reports in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung which suggested a Merkel plan for Jens Weidmann of the Bundesbank to succeed Mario Draghi at the ECB have not gone down well across southern Europe. For those critics, the hands controlling the fate of Europe are Merkel’s.

Brexit remains a crucial challenge for the EU. How the issue is handled will shape the future of the Union. Many across Europe’s capitals are worried that Brussels risks driving Britain further away than Brexit will require; they are worried lest the Channel becomes metaphorically wider and Britain turns its back on the continent. On the UK side, Theresa May has accepted the EU, and particularly Merkel’s, insistence, that there can be no cherry picking, and therefore she has committed to leaving the single market as well as the EU. May has offered a “deep and special” partnership and a comprehensive free trading arrangement. Merkel should welcome Britain’s clarity. She must work with new French President Emmanuel Macron and others to lead the EU towards a new relationship with Britain – a close partnership which protects free trade, security and the other forms of cooperation which benefit all Europeans.

Henry Newman is the director of Open Europe. He tweets @henrynewman.

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