Morning Call: pick of the papers

Ten must-read pieces from this morning's papers.

1. Those who want out of the EU are raising a glass to themselves to soon (Observer)

The forces that will defend the idea of Britain staying in the EU are formidable. They just haven't woken up yet, writes Andrew Rawnsley.

2. A Frankenstein moment for Cameron as he squares up to his monster (Mail on Sunday)

There will be divisions in the Prime Minister's team about the best response to the Leveson report, notes James Forsyth.

3. A tough new Labour party emerges - on the ground (Observer)

Nick Cohen has watched Labour councils dealing with austerity and is encouraged.

4. I see on last, faint hope for a truly free British press (Sunday Telegraph)

Matthew D'Ancona thinks the Prime Minister should give the press one last chance before imposing statutory regulation.

5. Why Dave doesn't give a hoot about the EU budget (Independent on Sunday)

Downing Street's insouciance matches the mood of the nation, says John Rentoul.

6. Where is Africa's share of the spoils (Independent on Sunday)

Vince Cable wants to bring more transparency to resource extraction industries in Africa.

7. Growing gulf divides the two Europes (Independent on Sunday)

North v South; Eurozonve v the rest - the real problem for the EU is economic divergence, says Hamish McRae.

8. Why, as a journalist and ex-editor, I believe it is time to regulate the press (Observer)

Will Hutton isn't impressed by special pleading dressed up as free speech crusading by the press ahead of the Leveson report.

9. Houdini Dave can slip the Leveson trap (Sunday Times)

Special pleading dressed up as free speech crusading ahead of the Leveson report, by Martin Ivens.

10. Osborne needs to end the economic drift (Sunday Times)

Leading article, containing facile economic prescriptions, noteworthy only for snarky tone: the government are so rubbish it makes Labour look good.

 

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Donald Trump wants to terminate the Environmental Protection Agency - can he?

"Epa, Epa, Eeeepaaaaa" – Grampa Simpson.

 

There have been countless jokes about US President Donald Trump’s aversion to academic work, with many comparing him to an infant. The Daily Show created a browser extension aptly named “Make Trump Tweets Eight Again” that converts the font of Potus’ tweets to crayon scrawlings. Indeed, it is absurd that – even without the childish font – one particular bill that was introduced within the first month of Trump taking office looked just as puerile. Proposed by Matt Gaetz, a Republican who had been in Congress for barely a month, “H.R. 861” was only one sentence long:

“The Environmental Protection Agency shall terminate on December 31, 2018”.

If this seems like a stunt, that is because Gaetz is unlikely to actually achieve his stated aim. Drafting such a short bill without any co-sponsors – and leaving it to a novice Congressman to present – is hardly the best strategy to ensure a bill will pass. 

Still, Republicans' distrust for environmental protections is well-known - long-running cartoon show The Simpsons even did a send up of the Epa where the agency had its own private army. So what else makes H.R. 861 implausible?

Well, the 10-word-long statement neglects to address the fact that many federal environmental laws assume the existence of or defer to the Epa. In the event that the Epa was abolished, all of these laws – from the 1946 Atomic Energy Act to the 2016 Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act – would need to be amended. Preferably, a way of doing this would be included in the bill itself.

Additionally, for the bill to be accepted in the Senate there would have to be eight Democratic senators who agreed with its premise. This is an awkward demand when not even all Republicans back Trump. The man Trum appointed to the helm of the Epa, Scott Pruitt, is particularly divisive because of his long opposition to the agency. Republican Senator Susan Collins of Maine said that she was hostile to the appointment of a man who was “so manifestly opposed to the mission of the agency” that he had sued the Epa 14 times. Polls from 2016 and 2017 suggests that most Americans would be also be opposed to the agency’s termination.

But if Trump is incapable of entirely eliminating the Epa, he has other ways of rendering it futile. In January, Potus banned the Epa and National Park Services from “providing updates on social media or to reporters”, and this Friday, Trump plans to “switch off” the government’s largest citizen-linked data site – the Epa’s Open Data Web Service. This is vital not just for storing and displaying information on climate change, but also as an accessible way of civilians viewing details of local environmental changes – such as chemical spills. Given the administration’s recent announcement of his intention to repeal existing safeguards, such as those to stabilise the climate and protect the environment, defunding this public data tool is possibly an attempt to decrease awareness of Trump’s forthcoming actions.

There was also a recent update to the webpage of the Epa's Office of Science and Technology, which saw all references to “science-based” work removed, in favour of an emphasis on “national economically and technologically achievable standards”. 

Trump’s reshuffle of the Epa's priorities puts the onus on economic activity at the expense of public health and environmental safety. Pruitt, who is also eager to #MakeAmericaGreatAgain, spoke in an interview of his desire to “exit” the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. He was led to this conclusion because of his belief that the agreement means “contracting our economy to serve and really satisfy Europe, and China, and India”.

 

Rather than outright closure of the Epa, its influence and funding are being leached away. H.R. 861 might be a subtle version of one of Potus’ Twitter taunts – empty and outrageous – but it is by no means the only way to drastically alter the Epa’s landscape. With Pruitt as Epa Administrator, the organisation may become a caricature of itself – as in The Simpsons Movie. Let us hope that the #resistance movements started by “Rogue” Epa and National Parks social media accounts are able to stave off the vultures until there is “Hope” once more.

 

Anjuli R. K. Shere is a 2016/17 Wellcome Scholar and science intern at the New Statesman

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