The graph shows net energy imports, which are estimated with energy use minus production, both measured in oil equivalents. Since Russia is an energy exporter, its net imports are negative.
The period since the 1990s has seen Russian oil production peak, which explains the lack of energy imports needed. Russia consumes roughly 30 per cent of the oil it produces and exports roughly 70 per cent. National consumption of oil is 2.937 million barrels per day (2010 estimate).
The peak in oil production in Russia has made the country more than self-sustainable when it comes to energy. Russia’s main imports are: machinery, vehicles, pharmaceutical products, plastic, semi-finished metal products, meat, fruit and nuts, optical and medical instruments, iron and steel.