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Goodbye Barack Obama - 14 of the moments we won't forget

A leader of humour and grace bows out. 

Barack Obama’s farewell speech as President would be deeply emotional, even if there wasn’t a giant angry cheese puff waiting in the wings. The Orator-in-Chief told supporters in Chicago that it was “the honour of my life” to serve.

He thanked his wife and daughters, and wiped his eyes, and Joe Biden, who just about managed a smile. His speech was interrupted several times by the crowd chanting “four more years”. 

But he was also deeply serious. Defending America, he declared, meant fighting extremism and intolerance at home as well as abroad. Without naming the President-elect, Donald Trump, who coursed to victory on xenophobic and Islamophobic rhetoric, he condemned discrimination against Muslim-Americans.

Quoting George Washington, he warned against allowing political dialogue to become so corrosive that different Americans became alienated from each other: 

It falls to each of us to be those anxious, jealous guardians of our democracy. Embrace the joyous task we have been given to continually try to improve this great nation of ours because, for all our outward differences, we in fact all share the same proud type, the most important office in a democracy, citizen.

You can read the full transcript of his speech here.

But it was only the last in a series of moments that defined Obama’s time on the public stage. Here are some favourites from the NS team:

1. That 2004 speech

In 2000, Obama, then a state senator, was too broke to hire a rental car, and such a political nobody he couldn’t get full access to the Democratic National Convention. Four years later, while running for the US senate, he was invited to give the keynote speech. 

He used the platform to tell the story of his family history, and “the hope of a skinny kid with a funny name who believes that America has a place for him”. 

The speech captures Obama at his most idealistic. “There’s not a liberal America and a conservative America; there’s the United States of America,” he said. His opponents would dedicate the next decade to showing him otherwise. 

2. Election night 2008

It's hard to boil this down to a moment, because Obama was beamed onto TV screens around the world, as people stayed up to discover whether the United States would elect its first African-American president.  If that wasn't significant enough, he was a progressive politician who promised to make a break with the neoconservative Bush administration. And it's easy to forget, but he was a lone voice of calm at a time when the Western world faced the worst financial crisis since 1929. 

3. Michelle Obama

Obama said to his wife in his farewell speech: "You took on a role you didn’t ask for. And you made it your own with grace and with grit and with style, and good humour." While Obama's CV might look impressive, Michelle Obama's is equally so. She is a self-made woman from a modest background who worked her way into Harvard Law School and was the breadwinner for the family during her husband's early political career. She has used her platform as First Lady to promote healthy eating and girls' education, while managing to remain above the fray of day-to-day political fighting. 

4. The puppy

Obama may have struggled to do deals with the Republicans, but his children clearly knew how to negotiate from an early age. In his victory speech, he told them: “You have earned the new puppy that’s coming with us to the White House.”

Serena, who nominates this as her favourite Obama moment, says: “Doubts that the incoming president would keep one of his emotional election pledges — that win or lose his daughters Sasha and Malia would get a dog —were dispelled when in April 2009, Bo a super cute Portuguese water puppy, bounded into the White House."

The First Dog is now eight years old. 

5. Kid story #1: “Touch it, dude!”

The first in what will be a series of Obama conversations with kids  is the photograph capturing the moment when the President allowed a little boy to touch his hair.

When Jacob, the black son of a White House staffer, met the President, his question was so quiet he had to repeat it. The question was: “I want to know if my hair is just like yours.”

Obama said he should touch it and see, and lowered his head so that Jacob could reach. “Touch it dude,” he said. 

The photograph, with all its symbolism and simplicity, has become a favourite of White House staff. 

Stephen, who nominated it, says: “I think it captures a lot of Barack Obama’s greatness: his humility in letting a five-year-old boy touch his head, his symbolic potency to black America and to black people worldwide.”

6. “A big f*ckin deal”

Obamacare – aka the Affordable Care Act, as some are belatedly realising – may be controversial now, but it’s not like it wasn’t at the time.

After announcing the signing of the historic piece of legislation, which extended healthcare to millions of uninsured Americans, Biden was heard telling Obama: “This is a big f*cking deal.”

It seems to me a perfect example of the Obama-Biden double act, where the Vice-President’s bluntness played off the calm demeanour of the boss. And if you want more of the Obama-Biden bromance, click here

7. The Correspondents' Dinners

Even during the worst of US political stalemates, there was one event in the calendar bound to cheer up hacks – the White House Correspondents’ Dinner. 

Obama specially recorded spoof videos, even roping in his political nemesis, the Republican John Boehner, to play a cameo. 

Each year, Obama demonstrated a skill that I suspect we will soon miss in the US President – to poke fun at himself. In response to the birther movement, which claimed he wasn’t born in the US, he even joked that the Lion King was his birth movie. Although it’s hard not to wince with hindsight, since the butt of his next gag was Donald Trump. 

8. Kid story #2: “Lil’ Pope”

Obama was handing out sweets at a White House Halloween event, when he came across a toddler dressed as Pope Francis, and the rest is history. 

What seemed to delight the Potus more than anything was the gold and white “Popemobile”, complete with Vatican flags, in which the mini-Pope was being pushed by a man in dark shades. 

Obama was so excited he declared Pope Jr had won the “top prize” there and then. 

Anna, who nominated it, says: "I love this moment because a tiny baby dressed as a pope is ridiculously, wonderfully joyous. No one can see that and not laugh with glee."

9. Trayvon Martin

When the unarmed black teenager Trayvon Martin was shot in 2012 by a neighbourhood watch volunteer, George Zimmerman, it exposed a culture of racial prejudice and guns that had not gone away.

Obama took his time to respond, but when he did, he described the incident in personal terms:

When Trayvon Martin was first shot I said that this could have been my son. Another way of saying that is Trayvon Martin could have been me 35 years ago. And when you think about why, in the African-American community at least, there's a lot of pain around what happened here, I think it's important to recognize that the African-American community is looking at this issue through a set of experiences and a history that doesn't go away.

Stephen says: “For a lot of his presidency, Obama has had to avoid talking explicitly about these issues, and when he does, he tends to occupy the role of explainer-in-chief, as he does here, articulating why the killing of Martin made a lot of people so angry.”

10. This cheeky wink

As already mentioned, Obama has a dry sense of humour, and it’s not just limited to dinner addresses.

Anoosh nominates this Buzzfeed video featuring a vain Potus.

She says: “Somehow, he manages to capture the essence of both self-deprecation and pure confidence, in the wink of an eye and a poke of the tongue.”

11. Kid story #3: Spiderman

Since we’re celebrating Obama’s rapport with kids, how about this snap of the President caught in a mini-Spiderman’s web?

12. The Obamas and the Queen

No one could accuse Obama of being sentimental towards British traditions - he pivoted away from the Special Relationship and towards Asia. The feeling, as far as the upper crust press was concerned, was mutual. On their first visit, the Obamas were picked apart for lack of protocol. 

But the First Families clearly got on royally well. Michelle Obama flew over to the UK specially to join the Queen for her 90th birthday, while Her Maj was persuaded to appear in a video responding to a challenge from the Obamas on the Invictus Games. 

I like this friendship simply because it is a good reflection of the Obama family's own regal presence. Indeed, when it comes to personal scandals, the Obamas' spotless record suggests the Windsors have plenty they could learn. 

13. The Rainbow House

Although back in 2008, Obama was lukewarm on same-sex marriage, by 2012 his thoughts had "evolved" to backing it. He repealed Don't Ask Don't Tell, the legislation which had forced generations of gay American soldiers to remain in the closet while in military service, and he has signed executive orders to prevent discrimination against LGBT people.

But nothing made the message more clear than when Obama had the White House lit up in the colours of the rainbow flag after the Supreme Court ruled in favour of marriage equality. 

14. Amazing Grace

During his Presidency, Obama was frequently called upon to address the issues of both race and mass shootings. One of the most moving times he did was when he sang “Amazing Grace”. Helen, who nominated this moment, continues the story: 

On 7 June 2015, white supremacist terrorist Dylann Roof walked into a black church in South Carolina, sat down for 45 minutes of bible study, then pulled out a gun and killed nine people there. A couple of days later, Obama attended the funeral of one of the victims, the Rev Clementa Pinckney. His eulogy ended by referring to “amazing grace” – and then, after a long, long pause, he began to sing. When he had raised the idea beforehand with his wife and adviser Valerie Jarrett, both had been unconvinced – but told him to do “whatever the spirit moved him to do”.

It’s an amazing moment – the church leaders sitting behind him take a moment to realise what’s happening, and then they smile and stand up. The whole congregation joins in. It’s a powerful reminder that this community, which had lost so much, still had each other. It was also a reminder that although a white supremacist had just murdered nine black individuals in the hope of starting a race war, the situation for African-Americans was not universally bleak. For the first time in history, the US had a president who knew the conventions of worship in black churches, and had the confidence to lead a congregation there. 

The song choice was intriguing – Amazing Grace was written by a white man involved in the slave trade, but became a staple of the African-American spiritual tradition. Its history is complicated and contradictory, which seems fitting. It holds out the possibility of forgiveness – “I once was lost, but now am found".

On 10 January, Dylann Roof was sentenced to the death penalty for his hate crimes.

Julia Rampen is the digital news editor of the New Statesman (previously editor of The Staggers, The New Statesman's online rolling politics blog). She has also been deputy editor at Mirror Money Online and has worked as a financial journalist for several trade magazines. 

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The tale of Battersea power station shows how affordable housing is lost

Initially, the developers promised 636 affordable homes. Now, they have reduced the number to 386. 

It’s the most predictable trick in the big book of property development. A developer signs an agreement with a local council promising to provide a barely acceptable level of barely affordable housing, then slashes these commitments at the first, second and third signs of trouble. It’s happened all over the country, from Hastings to Cumbria. But it happens most often in London, and most recently of all at Battersea power station, the Thames landmark and long-time London ruin which I wrote about in my 2016 book, Up In Smoke: The Failed Dreams of Battersea Power Station. For decades, the power station was one of London’s most popular buildings but now it represents some of the most depressing aspects of the capital’s attempts at regeneration. Almost in shame, the building itself has started to disappear from view behind a curtain of ugly gold-and-glass apartments aimed squarely at the international rich. The Battersea power station development is costing around £9bn. There will be around 4,200 flats, an office for Apple and a new Tube station. But only 386 of the new flats will be considered affordable

What makes the Battersea power station development worse is the developer’s argument for why there are so few affordable homes, which runs something like this. The bottom is falling out of the luxury homes market because too many are being built, which means developers can no longer afford to build the sort of homes that people actually want. It’s yet another sign of the failure of the housing market to provide what is most needed. But it also highlights the delusion of politicians who still seem to believe that property developers are going to provide the answers to one of the most pressing problems in politics.

A Malaysian consortium acquired the power station in 2012 and initially promised to build 517 affordable units, which then rose to 636. This was pretty meagre, but with four developers having already failed to develop the site, it was enough to satisfy Wandsworth council. By the time I wrote Up In Smoke, this had been reduced back to 565 units – around 15 per cent of the total number of new flats. Now the developers want to build only 386 affordable homes – around 9 per cent of the final residential offering, which includes expensive flats bought by the likes of Sting and Bear Grylls. 

The developers say this is because of escalating costs and the technical challenges of restoring the power station – but it’s also the case that the entire Nine Elms area between Battersea and Vauxhall is experiencing a glut of similar property, which is driving down prices. They want to focus instead on paying for the new Northern Line extension that joins the power station to Kennington. The slashing of affordable housing can be done without need for a new planning application or public consultation by using a “deed of variation”. It also means Mayor Sadiq Khan can’t do much more than write to Wandsworth urging the council to reject the new scheme. There’s little chance of that. Conservative Wandsworth has been committed to a developer-led solution to the power station for three decades and in that time has perfected the art of rolling over, despite several excruciating, and occasionally hilarious, disappointments.

The Battersea power station situation also highlights the sophistry developers will use to excuse any decision. When I interviewed Rob Tincknell, the developer’s chief executive, in 2014, he boasted it was the developer’s commitment to paying for the Northern Line extension (NLE) that was allowing the already limited amount of affordable housing to be built in the first place. Without the NLE, he insisted, they would never be able to build this number of affordable units. “The important point to note is that the NLE project allows the development density in the district of Nine Elms to nearly double,” he said. “Therefore, without the NLE the density at Battersea would be about half and even if there was a higher level of affordable, say 30 per cent, it would be a percentage of a lower figure and therefore the city wouldn’t get any more affordable than they do now.”

Now the argument is reversed. Because the developer has to pay for the transport infrastructure, they can’t afford to build as much affordable housing. Smart hey?

It’s not entirely hopeless. Wandsworth may yet reject the plan, while the developers say they hope to restore the missing 250 units at the end of the build.

But I wouldn’t hold your breath.

This is a version of a blog post which originally appeared here.

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