Boris Johnson is confronted by Labour's Rupa Huq. Photo:Getty
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The war at home: the battle for Ealing Central & Acton

Anoosh Chakelian returns to the London bellwether where she grew up, and finds a fierce battle between Labour and the Conservatives.

You may only have heard of Ealing if you’ve been on a Central line train that terminates at Ealing Broadway. And even then, only if you are in that rare cohort of Londoners who pay attention on the Tube. But dangling from an overlooked branch of the Underground in the far reaches of west London is a place that could decide the outcome of the election. Ealing Central, and its grittier neighbour, Acton, make up the London constituency variously referred to as the “kingmaker”, “bellwether” and “barometer”. It is a classic Tory/Labour marginal, home to such a wide variety of people that it almost acts as a London within London.

Steve Cadman Flickr/Steve Cadman

The former London Assembly member and Tory A-List candidate, Angie Bray, won the seat for the Tories in 2010 by 3,716 votes. A boundary change in 2010 meant the constituency lost Labour-voting Shepherd’s Bush. The predecessor seat of Ealing, Acton & Shepherd’s Bush had been in Labour hands since 1997. I grew up in Acton. As a child, I was vaguely aware of living in a Labour borough run by smiley men with aggressive surnames (Andy Slaughter, Steve Pound). And even now under a Conservative MP, the Council is Labour-led.

"I don't foresee a time when this constituency would suddenly be rock solid for any particular party"

A London Labour source informs me that the target seat has taken on extra importance following the vote collapsing in Scotland. It’s always been one of the all-important Tory/Labour marginals that Ed Miliband must win for Labour to be the single largest party. Its candidate here, Rupa Huq, calls it “the tipping point”.

Tending to the melting pot

Ealing is the third most ethnically-diverse local authority in the country, with only 39 per cent of its population identifying as “white British”. This is evident whether you’re walking down Acton High Street – a juxtaposition of proud civic buildings with crumbling betting shops – or through Ealing Broadway, a town centre that combines the odd modern artisanal café with Polish foodstores and functional high street chains. Eastern European, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Somali, Armenian, Australian, Tamil, Japanese, Irish – there is no migrant community you won’t find in the sprawling patchwork of Ealing and Acton. And the largest religious group here after Christians are Muslims, at 13.4 per cent of the population. Out campaigning with Huq, she adapts to whoever she meets on the doorstep, switching between Bengali, French, a smattering of Hindi, and even throws in a few sentences of Italian to one woman. “Salaam alaikum!” “Ciao!” Walpole Park in Ealing. Flickr/Karen Bryan

Walpole Park in Ealing. Flickr/Karen Bryan

Unsurprisingly, both Huq and Bray are rather down on their respective parties’ participation in the recent arms race of immigration rhetoric. How does Huq defend Labour’s proposal to delay benefits to migrants for two years, when it is an entirely useless policy? The hard facts show that both “benefits tourism” and “health tourism” are myths, after all. She looks doubtful. “I guess the old welfare state, cradle to grave, as was, is not sustainable. And I think people now expect a contributary-based system. So two years, I think, you know," she trails off. "It's there now. It is justifiable.” Bray too sounds unsure about getting “tough” on immigration. She has concentrated a lot of time on the Somali community, guiding them through the Home Office’s ban on khat (a herbal stimulant), and fighting against blocks to their remittances being sent back to Somalia.

“In London, our view is it would be crazy to say ‘no more immigrants’”

She has also worked closely with Acton’s mosques against radicalisation. Abdul Hadi Arwani, the Syrian preacher recently found shot dead in his car in west London, had been an imam at An-Noor Mosque in Acton. It was at the same mosque and community centre where the terror suspect Mohammed Ahmed Mohamed escaped disguised in a burka back in November 2013. “You only have to go into our hospitals, A&Es, cafés, care homes, schools, and you will see a large number of people from migrant communities who are now settled in this country and contributing an enormous amount to the running of London,” she says. “In London, our view is it would be crazy to say ‘no more immigrants’.” One 74-year-old man shopping with his wife tells me he settled in north Ealing after fleeing to Britain from Burma during the military coup. “It was downhill after that; that’s why we left.” Perversely, his biggest issue with the local area is immigration. He would vote Ukip if the Conservatives didn’t have such a good chance here. “It’s not to do with racism, it’s entirely to do with numbers – and the type of people coming in. Murderers and rapists.” He adds: “It’s nice to help people who are in trouble, like what happened to me. But there are people coming in now who aren’t loyal to the country. It’s difficult.”

"As a foreigner, I know Labour are better for foreigners than the Conservatives are"

A middle-aged man from Eritrea, who has lived here for eight years, has a different view. “I wish Labour would win,” he tells me on his lunchbreak from working in a clothes shop. “As a foreigner, I know they are better for foreigners than the Conservatives.”

Where bedroom tax meets mansion tax

Pockets of intense deprivation pepper the constituency. The dense tangle of Sixties concrete that makes up the council’s largest housing estate, the South Acton Estate (used as the setting for Del Boy’s Peckham in Only Fools and Horses), is one of many areas overlooked by the borough's somewhat fitful regeneration.

The South Acton estate. Flickr/Steve Cadman

The South Acton estate. Flickr/Steve Cadman

But smart 1920s mock Tudor estates are just around the corner in west Acton, and, further south, the suburban affluence of Ealing Common with its Victorian red brick houses. The constituency is number 13 in the list of the top 20 London boroughs that would be affected by Labour’s mansion tax. At the moment, below 1 per cent of its properties would be affected; by 2016, it is estimated that this would go up to 1.32 per cent.

"There's been a real warming on the doorstep, people are beginning to make up their minds"

“It is quite a complex mix,” grins Bray when we squeeze into a tiny room at the top corner of the Tories’ campaign base in Ealing – a semi at the end of a pretty terrace down the road from the townhall. “To an extent, that does make it complicated. It also makes it fascinating. It makes it a seat which I suspect will always be a marginal seat. I don't foresee a time when this constituency would suddenly be rock solid for any particular party. It's always been known as a bellwether seat!” For an incumbent running a white-knuckle race, Bray seems relaxed. She can’t stop smiling as she leans back in her chair, looking cosy in a big scarlet jumper. “It remains very close,” she nods. “But we have found, particularly, maybe in the last two months, that there's been a real warming on the doorstep, people are beginning to make up their minds. “We’re picking up concern about the prospect of the Scottish National Party driving policy in London. I think that is persuading some people who might have wanted to give us a bit of a bloody nose to think twice about that. “The good figures on the economy and jobs also play a part. People do recognise that this government has turned the corner – although it hasn’t entirely got us to where we want to be.”

"This campaign has been like my whole life flashing past me"

Huq is similarly finding the battle too close for comfort – in spite of Lord Ashcroft’s constituency poll at the end of last year putting Labour six points ahead of the Tories (40 per cent to 34 per cent). Yet, like Bray, she is embracing the challenge of representing such a diverse area. “It's a seat of contrasts and extremes,” she smiles as we sip coffee at a Japanese café in west Acton after canvassing. “That’s why it’s such a brilliant seat; you’ve got everything here. One minute it’s mansion tax, one minute it’s bedroom tax.” Huq, an academic and senior lecturer in sociology at Kingston University, grew up in Ealing. She says the campaign has been “like my whole life flashing past me”, bumping into old teachers when doorknocking, and visiting her old schools. Her campaign leaflet bears a photo of her in her primary school uniform alongside her younger sister, Konnie, who went on to become a Blue Peter presenter and still lives in the constituency.

"The subtleties of the mansion tax policy just hadn’t been made clear"

She feels her credentials as a public sector worker, a mother, a daughter of Bengali migrants, and a local should add up to a “typical experience” that Ealing and Acton residents can engage with. Although she repeats “we’re for the many” when discussing such Labour policies as cracking down on rent increases, she also wants to stand up for the interests of middle-class constituents, and is unapologetic about her own middle-class background. 

Only a handful of properties in the smartest areas of this seat would be affected, but Labour’s mansion tax policy is making it difficult for candidates fighting for London seats in general. Activists in these places are often warned not to mention the policy on the doorstep. But Huq is more direct. “There’s so much misinformation,” she says. “I think we should be more upfront. We have leaflets about the NHS, about all the other stuff – I think maybe if there was something to hand to people where the [mansion tax] policy was written, that would be useful.” The prospect of a mansion tax is playing on the minds of some locals. One elegant woman with cropped silver hair, wearing a pair of black Wayfarers, is sunning herself on a bench in Ealing town centre. She tells me of her initial concern about the tax. “My husband and I were self-employed artists. I’m 59 now. We do have a house now worth £2m that we bought 28 years ago, but we don’t have an income. I’m a Labour supporter, but I was worried it would affect us. But then I found out the facts about it, and now I feel I can vote Labour. The subtleties of the policy just hadn’t been made clear.” Indeed, many people don't realise that those in high-value homes who do not have high incomes – who do not pay the higher or top rate of tax, and earn less than £42,000 a year – would have the right to defer the mansion tax until the property changes hands, even if it doesn’t in their lifetime. So the horror story of grannies without a penny to their name living in houses that have just happened to rocket in value over the decades is a myth. They wouldn’t have to pay the monthly tax.

"The average first-time buyer is now 37. If the Conservatives stay in power, what will it be next? 50?"

Yet one family I meet are less sure. They have been trying to sell their house (which is just below the mansion tax threshold) for almost a year, and have found it an impossible task. “The market is just waiting to see whether or not Labour get in and what the mansion tax will do to house prices,” the father – a recent retiree – feels. “No one wants to buy – and anyway, how will Labour decide which houses have that value?”

Talkin’ ‘bout regeneration

The London riots hit Ealing hard in 2011. Shop fronts around Ealing Broadway shopping centre were smashed in, and a man who was attacked died. The national spotlight was on Ealing, and it was occasionally referred to in the press as “leafy”. Indeed, there has long been a smattering of liberal intelligentsia here, with a number of media figures living in the area – BBC Television Centre used to be in nearby White City – and a historic cohort of creatives who settled around Ealing Studios (the film production company behind the famous Ealing comedies).

Yet following recession-time shop closures, which coincided with Westfield Shepherd’s Bush’s rise to power, the shopping thoroughfares of Ealing and Acton became run-down and began to reflect the shabby housing stock of their numerous surrounding tower blocks. But things are looking up. “Houses are being repainted near my street,” a 68-year-old man from Mauritius who has been living in Acton for 40 years tells me. “The park is being done up. There are some new blocks of flats. The roads are clean, railings are being painted, dogs aren’t making a mess,” he laughs. So are the Tories successfully pulling Acton out of recession? “No, no,” he says. “It’s Julian Bell – he’s doing a good job.” Bell is leader of the Council. He was elected to the post for Labour in 2002 and is fairly well-known in the area, but I’m still impressed by this local knowledge. “I will be voting Labour again,” he adds. “I’m working-class. The Conservatives are for rich people.”

"I’m definitely Labour, but who knows? Ed Miliband is a bit of a weird guy"

One 55-year-old English man who works at a hardware store in Ealing Broadway – and has lived in Acton for 16 years – reflects on seeing “more restaurants” cropping up all over the place. He is not interested in voting. Why not? He simply shakes his head in response. A 25-year-old mother and her husband are taking their three-year-old and seven-month-old baby shopping. They live in the Acton council flat where the mother was born. Her parents are originally from Nigeria. “It’s definitely looking better round here,” she smiles. “It’s prettier, not as run-down, and not as boring.” Yet she is apprehensive about bringing her children up here. “There are loads of flats with no gardens, and we do have parks but they’re far away. We have everything we need, but there aren’t many activities.” She too supports Labour because she sees it as the party of the working-class. “I’m definitely Labour, but we’ll see who wins. Who knows? Ed Miliband is a bit of a weird guy.” [caption id="attachment_5357" align="alignnone" width="640"]Ealing Broadway circa 1900. Flickr/Peter McGowan Ealing Broadway circa 1900. Flickr/Peter McGowan[/caption] Both Huq and Bray cite housing as one of the area’s key concerns. As is the case everywhere in London, there simply aren’t enough properties to house everyone who wants to live here. “It’s a worry that the average first-time buyer is now 37. If the Conservatives stay in power, what will it be next? 50?” asks Huq, angrily. “They don’t acknowledge the problem.” She is proud of Labour’s policy to build 200,000 new homes by 2020, but also that half would be reserved for “local” first-time buyers – “so not for oligarchs,” she adds. “Because I do worry London will become a playground for oligarchs.” Huq is furious that the “definition of affordability” regarding affordable housing has changed (“affordable homes” have nothing to do with what people can actually afford; so-called affordability is simply a percentage of market rates, which in London can result in extremely high rents). This is in contrast to Bray, who champions Boris Johnson’s “100,000 new affordable homes” and the new housing coming to Old Oak Common – what she describes as “kind of like a new town in the West London area”. Bray adds: “We are at last getting the attention that housing needs, but I'm under no illusion that housing is not a major pressure.”

"I do worry London will become a playground for oligarchs"

However, the candidates are both concerned about Crossrail’s arrival driving up property prices, putting off young families who move to the area for its reasonable housing, green spaces, and good state schools. “Ealing is a popular place, and so I would be unbelievably disappointed if a Conservative Mayor of London wasn't recognising that places like Ealing are where the pressure's going to be because of things like Crossrail,” says Bray. Huq observes: “There's a lot of stuff happening – Crossrail, HS2. But we need these opportunities to go to local people. My worry is at the moment it's all stacked in favour of the super-rich, developers, all those people.”The Arcadia shopping centre, after the Ealing riots. Photo: Getty

The Arcadia shopping centre, after the Ealing riots. Photo: Getty

All to play for on the western front

So who will conquer London’s western front? Doorknocking on the streets around where I grew up produced more Labour supporters and undecideds than Conservative voters. Plus one Scottish man who expressed a preference for the SNP (“I know I'm biased, but I wish I could vote for Nicola.”) The closure of two crucial emergency services in the area (A&Es at Central Middlesex and Hammersmith Hospital) could swing it for Labour. A number of people express concern to me about their local hospitals, and Labour’s campaign has the NHS at its heart. But the Tories appear more laid back about their chances. Bray is in a playful mood when I leave her. She knows I used to be a constituent and is trying to wheedle my voting record out of me. “Are you a shy Tory?” she booms. “There must be some somewhere!”

Anoosh Chakelian is senior writer at the New Statesman.

Photo: Getty
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In the fight against climate change, humanity has a choice of two futures

We must fight man-made climate change, says Patricia Scotland. 

So here we are at this fork in the road. On one path, the risk of a future of chaos. A new world map with miles and miles of stormy ocean where there were once islands and schools and playgrounds, businesses and life.

A globe with acre after acre of arid desert where there were once fertile mountains and valleys, green vegetation and food.

A path where our existence is defined by pandemics and migration crises, as the earth’s population tries to squeeze into the ever-reducing areas of habitable land.

In this reality, all the arguments about progress and advancement are consigned to the pages of our history, the only agenda item at international meetings is survival.

But the other fork is an alternative path. From the window of an airplane, with wings that exactly resemble a bird’s feathers, views of healthy mangrove as far as the eye can see, miles of luxurious, green canopy, interrupted by shimmering blue oceans.

Nature in all its glory and striking colours, thriving. And when it meets a city it doesn’t mind pausing for a while, because this metropolis is powered by geothermal energy, and the office buildings are made of carbon-eating concrete that behave like trees, and the mall is modelled after a termite mound. Every roof is lined with solar panels.

Two sides of the same coin. The first possibility a dystopian apocalyptic vision; the other a reality, already happening, which may just prevent and reverse the existential threat on this precious planet we call home. 

Last month, representatives of Commonwealth governments met with climate change experts, academics and businesses to launch an alternative pathway to addressing climate change, one that moves beyond adaptation, beyond mitigation, to actually reversing the human effects of climate change. 

It proposes to regenerate the environment by taking excess carbon and carbon dioxide (CO2) out of the atmosphere, where it is poisoning our planet, and putting it back in the soil where belongs.

This initiative, Regenerative Development to Reverse Climate Change, in collaboration with the Cloudburst Foundation, creates the potential for climate change to become an opportunity for innovation and sustainable, eco-friendly economic growth.

Strong support from some of the greatest environmental advocates, including Prince Charles, Mary Robinson and Anote Tong, and powerful presentations from some of the finest minds in the climate change arena, gave us the gift of possibility.

World-renowned experts like Paul Hawken, Thomas Goreau, Janine Benyus and Ben Haggard pointed out that these innovations are already happening. And it is quite simple really. For years man has watched nature and copied nature and nature has always led the way. How else did we make human flight happen if we did not copy God's own 'animal aircraft'?

We see it in other ways too, and the truth is that we already have amazing examples of biomimicry – technology that mimics nature. The eco-friendly Eastgate Centre in Zimbabwe is modelled after termite mounds. In China, the dry, barren plains of the Loess Plateau have been regenerated and restored to healthy green land; and we have similar examples of land regeneration in Rwanda.

What I am saying is that the genius of man, which created technologies that have huge benefits for human beings but detrimental effects on our environment, is the same genius we will employ to help us through mitigation and adaption, and ultimately to reverse climate change and stop global warming. But there is a fundamental problem. We have ecologists, scientists, environmentalists and academics coming up with these solutions working in silos.

So what the Commonwealth began to do last October, when we had our first climate change reversal workshop, is to bring them together. We invited 60 experts who are pioneering these approaches to climate change to Marlborough House. They explored how we can create an integrated plan on climate change reversal.

My goal is to be able to offer every Commonwealth country a package of multidisciplinary, multisectoral solutions to this multidimensional problem. Collaboration and political will are key, because we will need to weave the ideas into our curriculum, insert them in our building codes and business regulations and integrate them into our gender, agricultural and environmental policies.

But how will cash-strapped countries fund this? This is where initiatives like our Climate Finance Access Hub comes in. This programme gives countries the capacity to make successful applications for funding from the Green Fund and other climate change financing mechanisms.

We also have to listen to what the captains of industry are saying. At our meeting last month, Paul Polman, CEO of the mega-consumer goods company Unilever, stressed that when businesses consider investment they take into account sustainable development goals.

If there is no justice and peace, if there is hunger and destitution and if they are operating in cities which are not sustainable, on land that might be reclaimed by the sea or deteriorate into desert conditions, they are investing in a venture that will fail. So the regenerative approach does not have to come at the cost of economic growth. Actually, it will boost investment and development.

The Commonwealth has been at the forefront of the climate change discussion since the 1980s when it first became topical. Our milestones include the Langkawi Declaration in 1989 which commits us to protect the environment, and our leaders' summit in 2015, days before COP21, was instrumental in the landmark Paris Agreement on climate change. But the empirical evidence shows us that even at 1.5 degrees, islands will disappear into the ocean.

This November when governments convene at COP23, we will be posing the question: which pathway will you take? But this is not just a question for governments and organisations, it is a question for every single individual on this earth.

So what are we going to teach our children? More than 60 per cent of the 2.4 billion people in the Commonwealth are under the age of 30. How are we going to harness this exuberance and abundant talent and transform them into innovative solutions? How are we going to run our businesses and manage waste and energy in our homes? What path are you going to take? One that risks our future? Or one that is built on the principle that we can work with nature instead of against it to progress and develop?

Patricia Scotland is Secretary-General of the Commonwealth

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