The world's richest 1 per cent may soon own more than the 99 per cent. Photo: Getty
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The richest 1 per cent is set to own more than the rest of the world: we need action on inequality

A rich man's world.

The media has dubbed today "Blue Monday" – supposedly the most depressing day of the year. Pseudoscience, probably, but it’s hard not to feel gloomy with a report out today from Oxfam showing that the world’s richest 1 per cent have increased their combined share of global wealth to almost half, and if current trends continue, next year will see them overtake the other 99 per cent. Equally striking is the finding that the combined wealth of 3.5bn people – half the world’s population – is matched by the wealth accumulated to just 80 individuals, who enjoy beneficial political influence by virtue of their assets, according to Oxfam. 

This extreme concentration of wealth is not an abstract global problem, but one that’s visible on our own doorstep. New Equality Trust research shows that the richest 100 families in Britain in 2008 have since seen their combined wealth increase by at least £15bn. The wealth of the top 100 increased by a staggering rate of £1,268 per second last year, to equal that of nearly a third of UK households put together. And among the richest of the rich in this country, ten people saw their incomes rise by £3.1bn to an eye-watering £96.6bn.

Contrast this with a JRF report also out today, showing that more than 8m parents and children in the UK are living on family incomes which are inadequate for supporting a socially acceptable standard of living, an increase of over a third since 2008/9. Within this group, families headed by lone parents and those with a single breadwinner have faced significant increases in their likelihood of having to try to make ends meet on an insufficient income. 

Given what we know about the negative health and social effects of pronounced economic disparity, these refreshed figures on accumulated wealth and increasingly inadequate incomes are great reason for concern. The three pieces of research come at the beginning of the week when politicians, civil society and business leaders are due to meet in Davos at the World Economic Forum to discuss key issues of global concern. Last year, inequality was a dominant theme, and experts have placed deepening income inequality in the top spot for 2015 as well. However, talking about inequality isn’t really getting us anywhere and concerted action globally and at home is urgently needed if we are to stem the upward flows of wealth and power.

Lucy Shaddock is Policy and Campaigns Officer at The Equality Trust

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Want to send a positive Brexit message to Europe? Back Arsene Wenger for England manager

Boris Johnson could make a gesture of goodwill. 

It is hard not to feel some sympathy for Sam Allardyce, who coveted the England job for so many years, before losing it after playing just a single match. Yet Allardyce has only himself to blame and the Football Association were right to move quickly to end his tenure.

There are many candidates for the job. The experience of Alan Pardew and the potential of Eddie Howe make them strong contenders. The FA's reported interest in Ralf Rangner sent most of us scurrying to Google to find out who the little known Leipzig manager is. But the standout contender is Arsenal's French boss Arsene Wenger, 

Would England fans accept a foreign manager? The experience of Sven Goran-Eriksson suggests so, especially when the results are good. Nobody complained about having a Swede in charge the night that England won 5-1 in Munich, though Sven's sides never won the glittering prizes, the Swede proving perhaps too rigidly English in his commitment to the 4-4-2 formation.

Fabio Capello's brief stint was less successful. He never seemed happy in the English game, preferring to give interviews in Italian. That perhaps contributed to his abrupt departure, falling out with his FA bosses after he seemed unable to understand why allegations of racial abuse by the England captain had to be taken seriously by the governing body.

Arsene Wenger could not be more different. Almost unknown when he arrived to "Arsene Who?" headlines two decades ago, he became as much part of North London folklore as all-time great Arsenal and Spurs bosses, Herbert Chapman or Bill Nicholson, his own Invicibles once dominating the premier league without losing a game all season. There has been more frustration since the move from Highbury to the Emirates, but Wenger's track record means he ranks among the greatest managers of the last hundred years - and he could surely do a job for England.

Arsene is a European Anglophile. While the media debate whether or not the FA Cup has lost its place in our hearts, Wenger has no doubt that its magic still matters, which may be why his Arsenal sides have kept on winning it so often. Wenger manages a multinational team but England's football traditions have certainly got under his skin. The Arsenal boss has changed his mind about emulating the continental innovation of a winter break. "I would cry if you changed that", he has said, citing his love of Boxing Day football as part of the popular tradition of English football.

Obviously, the FA must make this decision on football grounds. It is an important one to get right. Fifty years of hurt still haven't stopped us dreaming, but losing to Iceland this summer while watching Wales march to the semi-finals certainly tested any lingering optimism. Wenger was as gutted as anybody. "This is my second country. I was absolutely on my knees when we lost to Iceland. I couldn't believe it" he said.

The man to turn things around must clearly be chosen on merit. But I wonder if our new Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson - albeit more of a rugger man himself - might be tempted to quietly  suggest in the corridors of footballing power that the appointment could play an unlikely role in helping to get the mood music in place which would help to secure the best Brexit deal for Britain, and for Europe too.

Johnson does have one serious bit of unfinished business from the referendum campaign: to persuade his new boss Theresa May that the commitments made to European nationals in Britain must be honoured in full.  The government should speed up its response and put that guarantee in place. 

Nor should that commitment to 3m of our neighbours and friends be made grudgingly.

So Boris should also come out and back Arsene for the England job, as a very good symbolic way to show that we will continue to celebrate the Europeans here who contribute so much to our society.

British negotiators will be watching the twists and turns of the battle for the Elysee Palace, to see whether Alain Juppe, Nicolas Sarkozy end up as President. It is a reminder that other countries face domestic pressures over the negotiations to come too. So the political negotiations will be tough - but we should make sure our social and cultural relations with Europe remain warm.

More than half of Britons voted to leave the political structures of the European Union in June. Most voters on both sides of the referendum had little love of the Brussels institutions, or indeed any understanding of what they do.

But how can we ensure that our European neighbours and friends understand and hear that this was no rejection of them - and that so many of the ways that we engage with our fellow Europeans rom family ties to foreign holidays, the European contributions to making our society that bit better - the baguettes and cappuccinos, cultural links and sporting heroes remain as much loved as ever.

We will see that this weekend when nobody in the golf clubs will be asking who voted Remain and who voted Leave as we cheer on our European team - seven Brits playing in the twelve-strong side, alongside their Spanish, Belgian, German, Irish and Swedish team-mates.

And now another important opportunity to get that message across suddenly presents itself.

Wenger for England. What better post-Brexit commitment to a new Entente Cordiale could we possibly make?

Sunder Katwala is director of British Future and former general secretary of the Fabian Society.