Chuka Umunna made a speech about ethnic diversity in business. Photo: Getty
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Chuka Umunna announces a review into ethnic diversity in British business leadership

If Labour gets in, Lord Davies will lead a review into ethnic diversity in British business leadership, as he did for gender diversity.

During a speech at the KPMG Asian Festival Dinner tonight, the shadow business secretary Chuka Umunna announced that, if Labour makes it to government in 2015, the peer Mervyn Davies will lead a review into ethnic diversity in British business leadership, as he did for gender diversity.

Here's the full text:

The British Dream: Making aspiration a reality

Can I thank KPMG for hosting us tonight and for inviting me to speak. I know that, in this room tonight, there are some amazing stories that could be told – of business success against the odds, of supportive families and communities, of hard graft, of grit and determination. It is great to be celebrating the success of Asian business and Asian businesspeople in Britain.

I myself draw on the inspiration of my own father and his story.  He arrived at Liverpool docks from Nigeria – as a young man with only the suitcase he was carrying.

He borrowed the train fare from a complete stranger to make it here to London where he was to lodge with friends. But his head was full of dreams and his heart full of ambition.

He worked all the hours, he trained, did his business qualifications at night school, and eventually built a successful import-export business, creating a comfortable life for his wife and children.

His story, the stories in this room – these are powerful examples. But they are more than stories of individual success. They are part of the folk memory that proves what is possible – examples that can drive our communities to future success.

We are living in a world of profound and rapid change, driven by technology and the reshaping of the global economy as power moves south and east to India, China, Africa and beyond.

To succeed as a country, we need to harness the opportunities this brings and keep alive for all our people what I call the “British Dream” - the idea that if you work hard, play by the rules and do the right thing, you can make it. 

Because when we waste talent and ideas, we deny opportunity. But we also damage ourselves. We are - quite literally – poorer for it as a nation.

Of course it takes personal ambition, fortitude and perseverance to succeed. But when I look around my communities in Streatham, Brixton and Clapham, it is not a lack of these personal qualities I see.

The problem is that the starting line is not drawn straight, the hurdles are not all the same height, the road for some is rough and steep shaped by the circumstances into which they were born, not their underlying potential.

There’s a lot of talk about ‘aspiration’. But you know as well as I do that such talk can be cheap. For the talk to mean anything, it needs to have some grit: it needs to challenge the power of those who are standing in the way of aspiration. 

It has to make a difference to the barriers that are holding people back. Otherwise it’s just talk. To stand aside is to stand on the side of those who are already winning. If we want to see more high-growth companies like those in this room, then we have to open up closed circles of power which prevent them from succeeding.

Take finance. When the banks won’t lend to small businesses - that is a barrier to aspiration.

That is why we have promised to end the cosy cartel where all banks give you the same answer and tell you: “the computer says no”. Here I make no apology for standing on the side of aspiration.

We need more competition in banking. We need more competition to banking.

We need more – and more diverse – sources of patient, counter-cyclical finance.

This is behind our plans for a proper British Investment Bank and a network of regional banks.

These are problems that predate the financial crisis – structural problems that need structural solutions. 

Politicians have a tendency to disagree too vehemently and agree too reluctantly, so I want to say tonight that I am pleased this government followed on from the work of the previous Labour government and recognised the significant opportunity the expansion of the UK’s Islamic finance market represents to UK firms.

Another barrier to aspiration is blue tape – the administrative burdens large firms place on their supply chains. When a big firm doesn’t pay a supplier on time, that’s not fair. It makes the business environment that bit harder. It is a barrier to aspiration.

This is not about big firms versus small – our success is mutually dependent and the relationship between the two is symbiotic.

But in business, as in life, we all succeed when we all succeed – to do this means fair rules, fair markets and fair play.

That’s why we’re pushing through a change to the law which would ensure that any business paid late would automatically be paid interest.

This shifts the burden away from the supplier and removes the incentive for the customer to pay late.

Bigger firms would also have to report and publish quarterly, like a VAT return, when they’ve paid late which will bring greater transparency and pressure to bear.

It’s not just about money. It’s about skills too. Real support for aspiration means ensuring every young person has a pathway to success, whatever route they choose.

The last Labour Government focused on getting 50 per cent of young people into university.

This transformed opportunities for young people in my constituency, where the numbers going into higher education increased by 81 per cent. 

Now the priority for the next Labour Government will be to do the same for vocational education.

It will be to create a clear route – from gold standard vocational education in schools and colleges to apprenticeships and new Technical Degrees. 

We must end the snobbery that says that the vocational and technical is not as important as the academic. 

For this, we must change the situation in which fewer than one in ten employers offer apprenticeships.

It must become the new normal. So the goal – as Ed Miliband set out – is that by 2025 there will be as many young people doing high-quality apprenticeships as go to university.

This is how we help people to meet their aspirations and dreams.

By building an economy of well-paid jobs, and training people so that they can seize the opportunities.

A high-wage, high-skill economy, where we win in global markets because of the quality of our goods and services. 

But to do this, we must remain open for business.

And that means being outward looking to the world.

Engaged in Europe, working to make it more growth focused, not heading to the exit door – which would be disastrous. Europe is our largest market, but it is also the gateway to emerging market economies, where demand is set to explode.

We have a four-decade long trade deficit we need to reverse. I am clear we are best placed to do this being part of the EU. 

Trading also means making more of our diaspora communities – think about the amazing links here in this room to growing Asian markets.

As a nation, I am clear our diversity is a huge source of strength that we should do more to develop, support and celebrate in the current political climate.

But it is a shame that under this government, the obstinacy of the Home Office on visas has done huge damage to our growing businesses – and to our seventh largest export industry: our world class universities.

When we give the impression we are closed for business, we close our minds to a world of possibility.

Finally, realising aspiration means boardrooms in Britain that look like Britain.

We cannot carry on with the situation where half of all FTSE 100 companies do not have a single non-white director and just one in 15 management positions is filled by people of colour.

This is not just a problem for large corporations, it is a problem for British business as a whole.

When they tell me it’s a problem of the talent pipeline, I’ll tell them about the people in this room.

It’s a fixable problem, and it is a problem we will fix. 

That’s why I’m pleased to announce tonight that if we win in May next year, Lord Mervyn Davies has agreed to lead a review into ethnic diversity in British business leadership – to do the same for ethnic diversity as he did for gender diversity because we need the same scale of change.   

There’s so much to celebrate here in this room tonight, and we do.

But I also feel the sense that, for all the success, there is so much more that needs to be done and which we could all do.

So I want to conclude with an ask: many business people tell me of their dismay at the lack of understanding amongst young people of what it is you do, what it is like to run a business, to be an engineer. 

So my ask to all of you is, to the extent you are not already, get into our schools and tell your story. 

That is one way you can make a difference and we are looking at how to strengthen the links between all our schools and our businesses, with that purpose in mind. 

It is only, after all, by working together that we can realise opportunity for everyone.

Thank you.

European People's Party via Creative Commons
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Ansbach puts Europe's bravest politician under pressure

Angela Merkel must respond to a series of tragedies and criticisms of her refugee policy. 

Angela Merkel, the Chancellor of Germany, is supposed to be on holiday. Two separate attacks have put an end to that. The first, a mass shooting in Munich, was at first widely believed to be a terrorist attack, but later turned out to be the actions of a loner obsessed with US high school shootings. The second, where a man blew himself up in the town of Ansbach, caused less physical damage - three were seriously injured, but none killed. Nevertheless, this event may prove to affect even more people's lives. Because that man had come to Germany claiming to be a Syrian refugee. 

The attack came hours after a Syrian refugee murdered a pregnant Polish woman, a co-woker in a snack bar, in Reutlingen. All eyes will now be on Merkel who, more than any other European politician, is held responsible for Syrian refugees in Europe.

In 2015, when other European states were erecting barriers to keep out the million migrants and refugees marching north, Merkel kept Germany's borders open. The country has resettled 41,899 Syrians since 2013, according to the UNHCR, of which 20,067 came on humanitarian grounds and 21,832 through private sponsorship. That is twice as much as the UK has pledged to resettle by 2020. The actual number of Syrians in Germany is far higher - 90 per cent of the 102,400 Syrians applying for EU asylum in the first quarter of 2016 were registered there. 

Merkel is the bravest of Europe's politicians. Contrary to some assertions on the right, she did not invent the refugee crisis. Five years of brutal war in Syria did that. Merkel was simply the first of the continent's most prominent leaders to stop ignoring it. If Germany had not absorbed so many refugees, they would still be in central Europe and the Balkans, and we would be seeing even more pictures of starved children in informal camps than we do today. 

Equally, the problems facing Merkel now are not hers alone. These are the problems facing all of Europe's major states, whether or not they recognise them. 

Take the failed Syrian asylum seeker of Ansbach (his application was rejected but he could not be deported back to a warzone). In Germany, his application could at least be considered, and rejected. Europe as a whole has not invested in the processing centres required to determine who is a Syrian civilian, who might be a Syrian combatant and who is simply taking advantage of the black market in Syrian passports to masquerade as a refugee. 

Secondly, there is the subject of trauma. The Munich shooter appears to have had no links to Islamic State or Syria, but his act underlines the fact you do not need a grand political narrative to inflict hurt on others. Syrians who have experienced unspeakable violence either in their homeland or en route to Europe are left psychologically damaged. That is not to suggest they will turn to violence. But it is still safer to offer such people therapy than leave them to drift around Europe, unmonitored and unsupported, as other countries seem willing to do. 

Third, there is the question of lawlessness. Syrians have been blamed for everything from the Cologne attacks in January to creeping Islamist radicalisation. But apart from the fact that these reports can turn out to be overblown (two of the 58 men arrested over Cologne were Syrians), it is unclear what the alternative would be. Policies that force Syrians underground have already greatly empowered Europe's network of human traffickers and thugs.

So far, Merkel seems to be standing her ground. Her home affairs spokesman, Stephan Mayer, told the BBC that Germany had room to improve on its asylum policy, but stressed each attack was different. 

He said: "Horrible things take place in Syria. And it is the biggest humanitarian catastrophe, so it is completely wrong to blame Angela Merkel, or her refugee policies, for these incidents." Many will do, all the same.