Sadiq Khan speaks at the Labour conference in Brighton in 2013. Photograph: Getty Images.
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Sadiq Khan's speech on the future of public services: full text

"The Tories just don't understand that there is a difference between public services and businesses."

Delivered at UNISON political conference

Thank you for inviting me to speak with you today.

The power of ordinary people working together to create a fairer society – trade unionism – is at the heart of my beliefs and those of the founders of the Labour Party more than a century ago.

And friends, it should fill us all with hope, not just that there are so many people in this hall today, but there are so many UNISON members and other trade unionists completely dedicated to building a better future for Britain.

Many of you have dedicated your careers to our beloved public services and then go above and beyond - getting involved in the union and in politics - to help create a better society.

UNISON - you are true public service heroes.

So, can I begin with a thank you? A thank you for everything you do for our movement and for our country.

Friends, today I want to talk to you about the future of our public services.

The institutions of cooperation, community and mutual support that hold our society together.

The only institutions which are owned by all of us, run in all of our interests and on which we can all rely.

And the institutions - from the NHS to the education system, access to Justice and local government - that the British public truly treasure.

Because friends, I don't need to tell you that our institutions are at a crisis point.

Some will have you believe that this is the consequence of the austere times. A price we all have to pay. But we know better.

This is a crisis of deliberate design by the Tory and Liberal Democrat Government.

The Coalition is systematically demolishing the pillars of a fair and just society.

The pillars which our movement fought to create, forged from the horror of the Second World War and which to this day we fight to protect.

They have gone further than even Margaret Thatcher could have dreamed in attacking our welfare state and our public services.

Three years on from their unnecessary, top-down reorganisation of the NHS - we are beginning to see the true impact.

A health service that despite the best efforts of our dedicated doctors and nurses and thousands of UNISON members - is in chaos.

Waiting times have gone through the roof, treatment delayed and patients suffering.

There’s the crisis in our A&E's. Ambulances waiting to get patients in the door. and those that do left on trolleys.

Not a winter crisis as you might expect. But a summer crisis. Caused by the Coalition's policies.

It should give none of us any pleasure to say “we told you so” but we shouldn’t shy away from reminding many of our communities what we know to be true.

You can’t trust the Tories with the NHS.

And the same is true in local government.

How many of you are Councillors?

Thank you. Thank you for all you do even when massive cuts are being made to your budgets by central government.

Every week I meet with Councillors and Council Leaders who tell me just how desperate their situation is.

They tell me that by the time of their next elections they won't be able to afford to deliver anything other than their statutory services.

That the crucial public services they provide - from libraries, to children's centres and employment support - will have to be severely cut if not close. All directly as a result of the actions of this Government.

And we are beginning to see the same in education too - with the complete lack of accountability and democracy of Michael Gove's free schools coming back to bite him.

You simply can't run an education system centrally from Whitehall. No matter how hard Gove tries.

And access to Justice has been severely limited too.

Individual union members have seen their rights watered down and their ability to secure justice curtailed.

This Government’s attacks on access to justice are unprecedented.

They’ve slashed legal aid for the most vulnerable.

They’ve made judicial reviews more difficult.

They’ve slapped a huge fee on Employment Tribunal cases

Meaning your rank and file members are being denied basic workplace rights.

And, if the Tories have their way, they’ll abolish the Human Rights Act, and take the UK out of the European Convention on Human Rights.

And do you know what really rubs salt in the wound?

When you hear the likes of David Cameron extolling the virtues of British values, preying in aid the Magna Carta ahead of its 800th birthday next year, and championing the rule of law.

When at the same time they’re weakening the rule of law left right and centre.

And we know who it is who’ll suffer.

It’s the marginalised, the vulnerable, the weak and the poor.

That’s why we need to oppose these cuts and stand firm against any further attacks on access to justice

Now the Tories say - these are crises caused by austerity  - and that we would be in the same position whichever party was in Government.

And there is no doubt that the cuts have placed a huge amount of strain on our public services.

But they miss the underlying point.

That this crisis is about something far more fundamental than just budgets - it is about values.

Because the Tories just don't understand that there is a difference between public services and businesses.

Public services do more than just provide a service to a set of customers.

They are the institutional bonds that tie our communities together.

They embody the power of cooperation and working together.

And they are there to serve us as human beings – as citizens - not merely as customers.

And it is this failure to understand the values of public services that is behind some of the most damaging attacks made by this Government - even more so than the lack of funding.

It's this failure that makes the Coalition believe that there need be no level of accountability to local communities ordemocracy in free schools and that instead they should be run directly from Whitehall.

It's this failure to understand public services that is behind the Work Programme.

Which outsourced huge contracts to the Tories private sector chums, but created a programme with no links to real communities or local knowledge and that is failing as a result.

And it's that failure to understand public services that is behind Chris Graylings desperate rush to privatise probation.

Disregarding evidence or facts and blinded by the Tory ideological belief that private sector is good and public sector is bad.

So conference, the next Labour Government will face a monumental task.

We will have to repair the damage done to our beloved institutions.

We will have to root them back in our communities.

And ensure they serve the people of Britain - rather than making their lives more difficult.

And we will have to do this at a time when public finances are tighter than ever before.

We will be left with a massive financial debt on May 8th next year

We should be under no allusion - It will not be easy.

But friends, under Ed Miliband the Labour Party is up to the challenge.

I know the man, seen him at first hand.

Seen him take on Rupert Murdoch – and win

Seen him take on the big 6 energy companies – and win

Seen him take on the headlong rush into a war that was ill thought through with no planning or strategy - and win

There has been a lot of criticism and chatter about our party recently.

We have too few policies. And we have too many policies.

We don't have a story to tell. And we have too many stories to tell.

We don't have a vision for Britain. And our vision for Britain is from the 1970's.

This is complete nonsense created by a Tory party that knows it is in trouble.

Ed Miliband's vision for the future of Britain has resonated with the British people.

And the public can see the damage caused to their cherished public services by the Tories.

They sense their time is up.

And are desperately scrabbling to cling to power.

Ed Miliband is a winner and he will walk into Downing Street as Prime Minister in just over 10 months.

It’s because he’s a winner that he’s getting flak in the media.

He’s got them worried and their instinct is to play the man not the ball.

I want to make two predictions.

First.

As we get closer and closer to the election the attacks on Ed and on Labour will intensify as the Tories sense their time is up and Cameron desperately tries to cling to power.

Second.

There WILL be a Leadership election after the general election. But you’ll only get to vote if you are a Tory or a Lib Dem. When we unceremoniously boot them out of office after just one term, the Tories and Lib Dems will dump their failed leaders and look for new ones.

This week alone Labour has clearly demonstrated our vision for the future of Britain - under a radical and reforming Labour Government.

A vision that will not just rebuild our common institutions, but will renew them for the challenges of the century ahead.

And make them stronger than ever before.

In the last week we have heard from the IPPR's 'condition of Britain' report.

We have published a strategy for growth.

And next week we will publish our Local Government Innovation task force, devolving powers down to local communities from Whitehall.

All of them tell the same story for Britain's future.

And while not all of their recommendations are Labour Party policy yet, together they show how the next Labour Government will save our public services.

By devolving power away from faceless Whitehall bureaucrats to local people who understand local communities and needs.

By empowering our great cities and local Councillors like those in this room.

And by building up local institutions - like our public services - to support our communities.

It's why we will repeal the Coalition's hated Health and Social Care Act and push real integration between the NHS and our care services.

It's why we will increase the local accountability of free schools, rather than trying and failing to run them from Whitehall.

It's why we will devolve power and money to local Councils. Because they will spend it more effectively than Whitehall.

It's why we will devolve the work programme to a local level - embedding it within the communities it is supposed to support. Because we know local people will get better results.

And it's why I will not sign any contracts to privatise probation that are on my desk when I become Justice Secretary in May 2015. And one of the first things I will do is to see if we can unpick the contracts that are being hurriedly signed before the General election

Conference - this coming election is a choice more stark than any in a generation.

Between those that understand that individuals cannot succeed alone and need help and support and those that don't.

Between those who devalue our common institutions, bonds and links.

And those who cherish them more than anything else.

Between those who believe in the power of cooperation and mutual aid, and those who believe only in the individual, competition and the market.

Between a Tory party that will manage Britain into decline and create a less equal and more fragmented and divided society.

And a Labour Party that will renew our bonds of community. Create a more equal society. And build a better future for Britain.

Between racing each other to the bottom or working together in cooperation to get to the top.

But conference; the Labour Party can’t do it alone. We can't do it alone.

We need your help.

You dedicated, public service heroes, will be more important to the outcome of the next election than us politicians.

We need your help to tell your friends, your family, your neighbours and your communities about the choice we face.

To convince them that this time it really matters.

That the choice has never been so important.

I look forward to working with you over the next ten months to ensure the election of the next Labour Government.

Thank you.

Sadiq Khan is MP for Tooting, shadow justice secretary and shadow minister for London.
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The Randian Republican who could rein in Trump isn’t a coward – he’s much worse

Paul Ryan's refusal to condemn Trump is not caused by terror or fear; rather, it is a cynical, self-serving tactic.

Poor ol’ Paul Ryan. For a few brief hours on 27 January, a week after the inauguration of Donald Trump, the Wikipedia entry for “invertebrates” – which defines them as “animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine)” – was amended to include a smiling picture of the Republican Speaker of the House of Representatives.

The online prank reflected a growing consensus among critics of Ryan: confronted by a boorish and authoritarian president plagued by multiple conflicts of interest, the House Speaker has behaved in a craven and spineless manner. Ryan, goes the conventional wisdom, is a coward.

Yet as is so often the case, the conventional wisdom is wrong. Ryan’s deafening silence over Trump’s egregious excesses has little to do with pusillanimity. It’s much worse than that. The House Speaker is not a coward; he is a shameless opportunist. His refusal to condemn Trump is not caused by terror or fear; rather, it is a cynical, self-serving tactic.

Long before Trump arrived on the scene with his wacky “birther” conspiracies, Ryan was the undisputed star of the GOP; the earnest, number-crunching wunderkind of the right. He was elected to Congress in 1998, aged 28; by 2011, he was head of the House budget committee; by 2012, he was Mitt Romney’s running mate; by 2015, he was Speaker of the House – and third in line for the presidency – at the grand old age of 45.

The Wisconsin congressman has been hailed in the conservative media as the “man with a plan”, the “intellectual leader of the Republican Party”, the “conscience” of the GOP. Yet, again and again, in recent years, he has been singularly unsuccessful in enacting his legislative agenda.

And what kind of agenda might that be? Why, an Ayn Rand-inspired agenda, of course. You know Rand, right? The hero of modern-day libertarians, self-described “radical for capitalism” and author of the dystopian novel Atlas Shrugged. As one of her acolytes wrote to her: “You have the courage to tell the masses what no politician told them: you are inferior and all the improvements in your condition which you simply take for granted you owe to the effort of men who are better than you.”

Ryan is an ideologue who insists on giving copies of Atlas Shrugged to interns in his congressional office. In 2005 he told a gathering of Rand fans, called the Atlas Society, that “the reason I got involved in public service, by and large, if I had to credit one thinker, one person, it would be Ayn Rand”.

Rolling back the evil state while balancing the budget on the backs of the feckless poor, in true Randian fashion, has always been Ryan’s primary goal. Even Newt Gingrich, who served as Republican House Speaker for five years in the 1990s, once decried Ryan’s proposals to privatise Medicare ­– the popular federal health insurance programme that covers people over the age of 65 – as “right-wing social engineering”.

These days, Ryan has a useful idiot in the White House to help him pull off the right-wing social engineering that he couldn’t pull off on his own. Trump, who doesn’t do detail or policy, is content, perhaps even keen, to outsource his domestic agenda to the policy wonk from Wisconsin.

The Speaker has made his deal with the devil: a reckless and racist demagogue, possibly in cahoots with Russia, can trample over the law, erode US democratic norms and embarrass the country, and the party, at home and abroad. And in return? Ryan gets top-rate tax cuts. To hell with the constitution.

Trump, lest we forget, ran as an insurgent against the Republican establishment during the primaries, loudly breaking with hard-right GOP orthodoxy on issues such as infrastructure spending (Trump promised more), health-care reform (Trump promised coverage for all) and Medicaid (Trump promised no cuts). It was all a charade, a con. And Ryan knew it. The Speaker may have been slow to endorse Trump but when he did so, last June, he made it clear that “on the issues that make up our agenda, we have more common ground than disagreement”.

A year later, Ryan has been vindicated: free trade deals aside, Trump is governing as a pretty conventional, hard-right conservative. Consider the first important budget proposal from the Trump administration, published on 23 May. For Ryan, it’s a Randian dream come true: $800bn slashed from Medicaid, which provides health care to low-income Americans, plus swingeing cuts to Snap (the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programme, aka food stamps), Chip (the Children’s Health Insurance Programme) and SSDI (disability insurance).

In Trump, Ryan and his fellow anti-government hardliners in Congress have found the perfect frontman to enact their reverse-Robin Hood economic agenda: a self-declared, rhetorical champion of white, working-class voters whose actual Ryan-esque policies – on tax cuts, health care, Wall Street regulation and the rest – bolster only the billionaire class at their expense.

Don’t be distracted by all the scandals: the president has been busy using his tiny hands to sign a wide array of bills, executive orders and judicial appointments that have warmed the cold hearts of the Republican hard right.

Impeachment, therefore, remains a liberal fantasy – despite everything we’re discovering about Russia, Michael Flynn, James Comey and the rest. Does anyone seriously expect this Republican-dominated House of Representatives to bring articles of impeachment against Trump? With Paul Ryan in charge of it? Don’t. Be. Silly.

Mehdi Hasan is a broadcaster and New Statesman contributing editor. He is based in Washington, DC

Mehdi Hasan is a contributing writer for the New Statesman and the co-author of Ed: The Milibands and the Making of a Labour Leader. He was the New Statesman's senior editor (politics) from 2009-12.

This article first appeared in the 25 May 2017 issue of the New Statesman, Why Islamic State targets Britain

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