Mortgage repayments could double for some London homeowners if rates rise. Photo: Wikimedia
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Homeowners beware: Boris’s vision for the London economy

What would a rate rise mean for Londoners? London Labour Assembly member Andrew Dismore warns homeowners of soaring mortgage repayments, defaults and repossessions.

With speculation rife on the timing of interest rate rises, the Resolution Foundation’s paper yesterday on how indebted households will fare once the base rate goes up was timely. The report will make for a sobering read for Mark Carney and fellow inhabitants of the Old Lady. As many as two million mortgage payers could struggle once interest rates climb from 0.5 per cent to 3 per cent, the thinktank said. Without a state-backed plan to alleviate the pain for over-leveraged households, many will be forced to hand back the keys to their homes.

For Labour London Assembly members, this is a particularly hot topic. Last week, at the Assembly’s Economy Committee, I asked the Mayor’s Economic Adviser, Dr Gerard Lyons, what he meant when he disagreed with the Governor of the Bank of England’s assessment  that the Bank’s “new normal” rate level is likely to be 2.5 per cent. Lyons said “the level at which UK interest rates need to eventually peak should be high, not low…I would sooner have them at 5 per cent or 6 per cent than 2 per cent or 3 per cent.”

Lyons, a distinguished City economist by trade, may not have realised the political implications of his honestly expressed view. I immediately crunched the numbers, calculating how, given that the average price of a London property now stands at £492,000, a rate of 6 per cent would double the average London monthly mortgage payment from around £2,000 to £4,300 per month.

At Mayor’s Question Time, I asked Boris Johnson if he agreed with Lyons. Despite obfuscation, the Mayor eventually endorsed the Lyons view that a base rate of 5-6 per cent would be appropriate at the end of the economic cycle.

Doubling of mortgage repayments would spell disaster for those who bought homes on variable mortgages at low rates. Even a moderate rate rise would result in defaults and repossessions, set against the background of rising cost of living and stagnant wages.

The Resolution Foundation’s report highlights how the problem is exacerbated in London. Around a third of mortgaged households are predicted to be “highly geared” by 2018. The thinktank notes how this is “particularly worrying, as such households are least likely to have spare resources to fall back on in the event of an increase in mortgage costs”.

Boris Johnson argues that even if things became this severe, defaults and repossessions would cool the housing market and halt house price inflation – which would surely be welcomed. The Mayor knows full well this is simplistic. Having re-inflated the economy on the back of an asset bubble, such a tightening of monetary policy would not merely reduce upward pressure on house prices, but by diverting more household income to servicing debt, would reduce aggregate demand and undermine economic recovery.

Lyons and Johnson do not sit on the Monetary Policy Committee nor set interest rates, so does this matter? If you believe that Johnson is set on becoming Conservative leader (and probably taking Gerard Lyons with him), then yes, these views give a valuable insight into his economic outlook.

Boris Johnson is content to stand by and watch vulnerable London homeowners squeezed till the pips squeak so as to cool inflation in the wider economy. Those who remember struggling with mortgage repayments in the Thatcher-era of high interest rates will find this alarming.

The challenge for a 2015 Labour government will be to inject stability in the over-heated London housing market without wrecking the recovery in the wider economy. This is why Labour’s proposals to level the playing field with an active industrial strategy, investment in chronically-underfunded infrastructure, and further devolution to local government are an attractive offer to the electorate.

Andrew Dismore is Labour London Assembly member for Barnet and Camden and the party's parliamentary candidate for Hendon

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Our union backed Brexit, but that doesn't mean scrapping freedom of movement

We can only improve the lives of our members, like those planning stike action at McDonalds, through solidarity.

The campaign to defend and extend free movement – highlighted by the launch of the Labour Campaign for Free Movement this month – is being seen in some circles as a back door strategy to re-run the EU referendum. If that was truly the case, then I don't think Unions like mine (the BFAWU) would be involved, especially as we campaigned to leave the EU ourselves.

In stark contrast to the rhetoric used by many sections of the Leave campaign, our argument wasn’t driven by fear and paranoia about migrant workers. A good number of the BFAWU’s membership is made up of workers not just from the EU, but from all corners of the world. They make a positive contribution to the industry that we represent. These people make a far larger and important contribution to our society and our communities than the wealthy Brexiteers, who sought to do nothing other than de-humanise them, cheered along by a rabid, right-wing press. 

Those who are calling for end to freedom of movement fail to realise that it’s people, rather than land and borders that makes the world we live in. Division works only in the interest of those that want to hold power, control, influence and wealth. Unfortunately, despite a rich history in terms of where division leads us, a good chunk of the UK population still falls for it. We believe that those who live and work here or in other countries should have their skills recognised and enjoy the same rights as those born in that country, including the democratic right to vote. 

Workers born outside of the UK contribute more than £328 million to the UK economy every day. Our NHS depends on their labour in order to keep it running; the leisure and hospitality industries depend on them in order to function; the food industry (including farming to a degree) is often propped up by their work.

The real architects of our misery and hardship reside in Westminster. It is they who introduced legislation designed to allow bosses to act with impunity and pay poverty wages. The only way we can really improve our lives is not as some would have you believe, by blaming other poor workers from other countries, it is through standing together in solidarity. By organising and combining that we become stronger as our fabulous members are showing through their decision to ballot for strike action in McDonalds.

Our members in McDonalds are both born in the UK and outside the UK, and where the bosses have separated groups of workers by pitting certain nationalities against each other, the workers organised have stood together and fought to win change for all, even organising themed social events to welcome each other in the face of the bosses ‘attempts to create divisions in the workplace.

Our union has held the long term view that we should have a planned economy with an ability to own and control the means of production. Our members saw the EU as a gravy train, working in the interests of wealthy elites and industrial scale tax avoidance. They felt that leaving the EU would give the UK the best opportunity to renationalise our key industries and begin a programme of manufacturing on a scale that would allow us to be self-sufficient and independent while enjoying solid trading relationships with other countries. Obviously, a key component in terms of facilitating this is continued freedom of movement.

Many of our members come from communities that voted to leave the EU. They are a reflection of real life that the movers and shakers in both the Leave and Remain campaigns took for granted. We weren’t surprised by the outcome of the EU referendum; after decades of politicians heaping blame on the EU for everything from the shape of fruit to personal hardship, what else could we possibly expect? However, we cannot allow migrant labour to remain as a political football to give succour to the prejudices of the uninformed. Given the same rights and freedoms as UK citizens, foreign workers have the ability to ensure that the UK actually makes a success of Brexit, one that benefits the many, rather than the few.

Ian Hodon is President of the Bakers and Allied Food Workers Union and founding signatory of the Labour Campaign for Free Movement.