Morning Call: pick of the papers

The ten must-reads from this morning's comment pages.

  1. We protested against violence in Gaza, but this time we weren't called traitors (Guardian
    Step by step, the protests of the radical Israeli left can help to change fossilised political attitudes, writes Joshua Sobol.
  2. Call a truce, before centuries of free speech are brought to an end (Telegraph)
    With MPs eager to take power over the press, the Prime Minister must lead them back from the cliff edge, argues Fraser Nelson.
  3. A scheme designed to net trillions from global tax havens is being scuppered (Guardian)
    Switzerland and other offshore specialists are doing their best to frustrate international transparency in taxation, writes Nicholas Shaxson
  4. Why is Barack Obama swanning around Asia as the Middle East goes up in flames? (Independent)
    The most clear-sighted and intellectual President in a century or more is in the wrong place, writes Adrian Hamilton
  5. EU budget: it is selfish of Eurosceptics to try to force David Cameron’s hand (Telegraph)
    With Europe on the brink, now is the time for magnanimity, not self-serving posturing, writes Peter Oborne.
  6. Britain’s policy echoes Habsburg decline (Financial Times, £)
    The main message of the Bank of England’s recent inflation report is that the outlook is gloomy and the risks are on the downside, but nothing much can be done about it, argues Samuel Brittan.
  7. Doping prisoners harms them – and us too (Telegraph)
    Treating inmates with drugs such as methadone is a sure way to increase crime, writes Will Self
  8. Don’t underestimate Miliband. He’s like Attlee (Times, £)
    I’ve known all the Labour leaders back to 1935. This one understands the need for unity, writes William Rees-Mogg
  9. My dear old mother, women bishops and a Monty Python moment that could sink the C of E (Daily Mail)
    "My fear is that the triumphant, zealous minority in the House of Laity may have hastened the Church of England's transformation from a national institution into an exclusive, unwelcoming sect for the religious", writes Tom Utley
  10. The Palestinians need business – not bombs (Times, £)
    A thriving West Bank and Gaza would have no truck with religious extremists who threaten their prosperity, argues Philip Collins
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The deafening killer - why noise will be the next great pollution scandal

A growing body of evidence shows that noise can have serious health impacts too. 

Our cities are being poisoned by a toxin that surrounds us day and night. It eats away at our brains, hurts our hearts, clutches at our sleep, and gnaws at the quality of our daily lives.

Hardly a silent killer, it gets short shrift compared to the well-publicised terrors of air pollution and sugars food. It is the dull, thumping, stultifying drum-beat of perpetual noise.

The score that accompanies city life is brutal and constant. It disrupts the everyday: The coffee break ruined by the screech of a line of double decker buses braking at the lights. The lawyer’s conference call broken by drilling as she makes her way to the office. The writer’s struggle to find a quiet corner to pen his latest article.

For city-dwellers, it’s all-consuming and impossible to avoid. Construction, traffic, the whirring of machinery, the neighbour’s stereo. Even at home, the beeps and buzzes made by washing machines, fridges, and phones all serve to distract and unsettle.

But the never-ending noisiness of city life is far more than a problem of aesthetics. A growing body of evidence shows that noise can have serious health impacts too. Recent studies have linked noise pollution to hearing loss, sleep deprivation, hypertension, heart disease, brain development, and even increased risk of dementia.

One research team compared families living on different stories of the same building in Manhattan to isolate the impact of noise on health and education. They found children in lower, noisier floors were worse at reading than their higher-up peers, an effect that was most pronounced for children who had lived in the building for longest.

Those studies have been replicated for the impact of aircraft noise with similar results. Not only does noise cause higher blood pressure and worsens quality of sleep, it also stymies pupils trying to concentrate in class.

As with many forms of pollution, the poorest are typically the hardest hit. The worst-off in any city often live by busy roads in poorly-insulated houses or flats, cheek by jowl with packed-in neighbours.

The US Department of Transport recently mapped road and aircraft noise across the United States. Predictably, the loudest areas overlapped with some of the country’s most deprived. Those included the south side of Atlanta and the lowest-income areas of LA and Seattle.

Yet as noise pollution grows in line with road and air traffic and rising urban density, public policy has turned a blind eye.

Council noise response services, formally a 24-hour defence against neighbourly disputes, have fallen victim to local government cuts. Decisions on airport expansion and road development pay scant regard to their audible impact. Political platforms remain silent on the loudest poison.

This is odd at a time when we have never had more tools at our disposal to deal with the issue. Electric Vehicles are practically noise-less, yet noise rarely features in the arguments for their adoption. Just replacing today’s bus fleet would transform city centres; doing the same for taxis and trucks would amount to a revolution.

Vehicles are just the start. Millions were spent on a programme of “Warm Homes”; what about “Quiet Homes”? How did we value the noise impact in the decision to build a third runway at Heathrow, and how do we compensate people now that it’s going ahead?

Construction is a major driver of decibels. Should builders compensate “noise victims” for over-drilling? Or could regulation push equipment manufacturers to find new ways to dampen the sound of their kit?

Of course, none of this addresses the noise pollution we impose on ourselves. The bars and clubs we choose to visit or the music we stick in our ears. Whether pumping dance tracks in spin classes or indie rock in trendy coffee shops, people’s desire to compensate for bad noise out there by playing louder noise in here is hard to control for.

The Clean Air Act of 1956 heralded a new era of city life, one where smog and grime gave way to clear skies and clearer lungs. That fight still goes on today.

But some day, we will turn our attention to our clogged-up airwaves. The decibels will fall. #Twitter will give way to twitter. And every now and again, as we step from our homes into city life, we may just hear the sweetest sound of all. Silence.

Adam Swersky is a councillor in Harrow and is cabinet member for finance. He writes in a personal capacity.