US Department of Energy allocates up to $67m for carbon capture development

Projects form part of Obama administration CCS goals.

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected ten projects aimed at developing advanced technologies for capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal combustion. The projects, valued at up to $67m over three years, focus on reducing the energy and efficiency penalties associated with applying currently available carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies to existing and new power plants.

DOE said that the selections will focus on improving efficiency and reducing the added costs to electricity at power plants with carbon capture systems to less than 30% for a new pulverized coal plant and 10% for a new advanced gasification plant.

The selections will focus on bench-scale and slipstream-scale development (0.5MWe to 5MWe) and testing of advanced post-combustion CO2 capture technologies that include membranes, solvents and solid sorbents.

The Obama administration has made a goal of developing cost-effective deployment of CCS technologies within 10 years, with an objective of bringing five to 10 commercial demonstration projects online by 2016.

Steven Chu, secretary of DOE, said: "Charting a path toward clean coal is essential to achieving our goals of providing clean energy, creating American jobs and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It will also help position the US as a leader in the global clean energy race."