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US networks sue streaming companies for copyright violation

Four major networks file suit against FilmOn and Ivi

Four US networks Fox, CBS, ABC and NBC sued HD internet television provider FilmOn for violating the networks' copyright laws by taking their signals and streaming them without permission or compensation.

A US judge on Monday issued a temporary restraining order against FilmOn to stop the streams.

The broadcast networks have also filed a suit against streaming company Ivi, which they claimed has also been streaming the signals of TV stations illegally.

FilmOn and Ivi reportedly take free over-the-air broadcast signals and convert them to online streams. The companies have claimed that it's their right to distribute the network material under a provision in the US Copyright Act.

Seattle-based Ivi argued that it is not governed by a separate communications statute that requires cable and satellite companies to negotiate licences with content owners before transmitting their networks, according to a report on B2B media marketing company TMC.

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Is anyone prepared to solve the NHS funding crisis?

As long as the political taboo on raising taxes endures, the service will be in financial peril. 

It has long been clear that the NHS is in financial ill-health. But today's figures, conveniently delayed until after the Conservative conference, are still stunningly bad. The service ran a deficit of £930m between April and June (greater than the £820m recorded for the whole of the 2014/15 financial year) and is on course for a shortfall of at least £2bn this year - its worst position for a generation. 

Though often described as having been shielded from austerity, owing to its ring-fenced budget, the NHS is enduring the toughest spending settlement in its history. Since 1950, health spending has grown at an average annual rate of 4 per cent, but over the last parliament it rose by just 0.5 per cent. An ageing population, rising treatment costs and the social care crisis all mean that the NHS has to run merely to stand still. The Tories have pledged to provide £10bn more for the service but this still leaves £20bn of efficiency savings required. 

Speculation is now turning to whether George Osborne will provide an emergency injection of funds in the Autumn Statement on 25 November. But the long-term question is whether anyone is prepared to offer a sustainable solution to the crisis. Health experts argue that only a rise in general taxation (income tax, VAT, national insurance), patient charges or a hypothecated "health tax" will secure the future of a universal, high-quality service. But the political taboo against increasing taxes on all but the richest means no politician has ventured into this territory. Shadow health secretary Heidi Alexander has today called for the government to "find money urgently to get through the coming winter months". But the bigger question is whether, under Jeremy Corbyn, Labour is prepared to go beyond sticking-plaster solutions. 

George Eaton is political editor of the New Statesman.