The Office of Communications, commonly known as Ofcom, is planning to launch this week an industry consultation about freeing radio frequencies for 5G internet services.
With the early launch of 5G, Ofcom wants to avoid the delays that have seen the UK fall behind many other developed countries in rolling out 4G services, apart from fears of a future capacity crunch in the airwaves.
Steve Unger, chief technology officer of Ofcom, said: “There are three ways to meet the demand for more data – more spectrum, better use of spectrum and more cell sites. We need to progress on all three fronts, which is in effect what we mean by 5G, to meet the 80-fold increase in data usage we predict by 2030.
“We expect 5G will be about making mobile data ubiquitous – you won’t lose reception, or worry that your service will be too slow. It will always be there, always reliable, to the extent that it will become a fixed line substitute.”
Professor Rahim Tafazolli will oversee a £35m grant from the UK government and mobile phone companies to help develop 5G mobile technologies at the University of Surrey.
Tafazolli said that work needs to begin immediately. He added: “Spectrum crunch will basically mean a shortage of supply and rising prices for users, leading to a widening gap between the technology haves and have nots, smaller markets for businesses and restrictions on the development of web-enabled technologies, products and services.”
“Instead of the great opening up of the web, mass participation and new commercial opportunities, we’ll see a closing down,” Tafazolli concluded.
A key part of the 5G strategy will be freeing, and eventually selling, the high-powered lower bandwidth that is currently being used by TV services in the UK, setting the stage for the next lucrative spectrum auction for the government, reported the Financial Times.
The regulator is also working on ways to use spectrum more efficiently, such as utilising unlicensed frequencies between existing uses and WiFi.
4G services in the UK will be available this summer.