The anniversary of the London Underground isn't when you think

Do we celebrate a corporate dinner, or opening to the public?

Happy 150th anniversary of the London Underground! According to Transport for London, today marks 150 years since the first underground journey took place between Paddington and Farringdon on the Metropolitan Railway.

Except the anniversary hasn't always been celebrated as the 9th. As Diamond Geezer points out, The London Transport museum still records the first section as opening on the 10th; and the Manchester Guardian of 11th January 1863 agrees, referring to the "the Metropolitan (underground) Railway" being opened "yesterday".

What gives? The answer could be seen as a rather sad sign of the times. The 9th and 10th are both anniversaries: the latter of the day the railway opened to the public; the former of the day a private journey was arranged for the directors, ending with a banquet for 600 dignitaries on the platform of Farringdon station. We used to celebrate the date of a wondrous new transport system being opened to the world. Now we celebrate a corporate dinner.

A restored steam-train rolls through Baker Street station to celebrate the anniversary. Photograph: Getty Images

Alex Hern is a technology reporter for the Guardian. He was formerly staff writer at the New Statesman. You should follow Alex on Twitter.

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Will Jeremy Corbyn stand down if Labour loses the general election?

Defeat at the polls might not be the end of Corbyn’s leadership.

The latest polls suggest that Labour is headed for heavy defeat in the June general election. Usually a general election loss would be the trigger for a leader to quit: Michael Foot, Gordon Brown and Ed Miliband all stood down after their first defeat, although Neil Kinnock saw out two losses before resigning in 1992.

It’s possible, if unlikely, that Corbyn could become prime minister. If that prospect doesn’t materialise, however, the question is: will Corbyn follow the majority of his predecessors and resign, or will he hang on in office?

Will Corbyn stand down? The rules

There is no formal process for the parliamentary Labour party to oust its leader, as it discovered in the 2016 leadership challenge. Even after a majority of his MPs had voted no confidence in him, Corbyn stayed on, ultimately winning his second leadership contest after it was decided that the current leader should be automatically included on the ballot.

This year’s conference will vote on to reform the leadership selection process that would make it easier for a left-wing candidate to get on the ballot (nicknamed the “McDonnell amendment” by centrists): Corbyn could be waiting for this motion to pass before he resigns.

Will Corbyn stand down? The membership

Corbyn’s support in the membership is still strong. Without an equally compelling candidate to put before the party, Corbyn’s opponents in the PLP are unlikely to initiate another leadership battle they’re likely to lose.

That said, a general election loss could change that. Polling from March suggests that half of Labour members wanted Corbyn to stand down either immediately or before the general election.

Will Corbyn stand down? The rumours

Sources close to Corbyn have said that he might not stand down, even if he leads Labour to a crushing defeat this June. They mention Kinnock’s survival after the 1987 general election as a precedent (although at the 1987 election, Labour did gain seats).

Will Corbyn stand down? The verdict

Given his struggles to manage his own MPs and the example of other leaders, it would be remarkable if Corbyn did not stand down should Labour lose the general election. However, staying on after a vote of no-confidence in 2016 was also remarkable, and the mooted changes to the leadership election process give him a reason to hold on until September in order to secure a left-wing succession.

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