The British so idolise animals that now even John Prescott has to worry about the skylark and the song thrush

The trial of the world's most prolific serial killer began this week. Known as the Terminator, Anatoly Onoprienko is thought to have murdered 53 people, many of them small children. Ignoring this story, the Today programme instead ran a piece about a psychotic cat-ripper at loose in London and the South-east.

As a psychologist warned, crimes against animals could be a prelude to assaults on humans. In America, little distinction is drawn between the two. Barry Herbeck, a Wisconsin carpet-fitter found guilty of strangling four cats and battering a fifth, has just been jailed for ten years - the maximum state sentence for causing the death of a child through neglect.

It is doubtful whether 1,400 people exhorting the judge to get tough would have been so vocal had Herbeck chosen bipeds for victims.

In Britain, the epicentre of animal idolatry, it is equally hard to be sure that humans get top billing. Brigitte Bardot, whose antennae for cruelty no doubt quiver if a Marseille trucker flattens a hedgehog on the Doncaster bypass, flew to Scotland successfully to beg clemency for Woofie, a dog previously sentenced to death for barking at a postman.

Should Woofie strike again, he could always be admitted to the new centre for dog psychiatry at Queen's University, Belfast. Shortly after the Belfast launch, in a black quirk of timing, a London social worker was murdered by one of her clients - a care in the community patient lacking the specialist facilities on offer to favoured canines.

Until recently, there was one haven from the creepy British obsession with animals. The government, and Downing Street in particular, proved distanced. When the Tamworth Two fled a Wiltshire abattoir, the Prime Minister offered no eulogy to the People's Pigs. His Clintonmania fell short of acquiring an equivalent to Buddy the dog, while Cherie Blair's banishment of Humphrey, No 10's sitting tenant, appeared so brutal that the nation demanded proof of his continuing existence, lest a contract had been taken out with the South-east cat-culler.

This track record of ambivalence makes the business of John Prescott's birds look puzzling. While doubtless more clued-up than a Hull constituent who once told me that he had refused to eat Brussels sprouts throughout his childhood, mistaking them for trimmed budgerigars, the Deputy Prime Minister does not come across as an ornithology buff.

Yet there in Prescott's "quality of life" barometer, published this week, are the skylark and the song thrush - two of the 139 species of wild birds whose health and welfare are enmeshed with the nation's contentment. As Ian Christie of Demos pointed out, Prescott's little book of happiness - featuring 13 indicators - suffered from avoidance of the index of sustainable economic welfare.

The real question is why Prescott is having to do this stuff at all. By manner a Ronald Searle Molesworth, accustomed to blasting off "5 trillion bakterial volts", he has instead been handed the part of Fotherington-Thomas (the "one who sa Hullo Clouds Hullo Sky and skip about like a girly"). As Prescott knows, if he were to skip off to Toxteth, he would find few citizens pegging their levels of euphoria to nuthatch nirvana.

Of course the Prescott happiness guide addresses other matters. Although avoiding anything of a cultural nature, it will also log GDP, waste disposal, social investment and river quality - all matters that have an impact on people's lives but not directly on their happiness; a state of mind too ephemeral to be bent to such clumsy evaluations.

One can only assume that Prescott's personal happiness is flagging. Deprived of the chance to institute integrated transport legislation, he finds himself instead the wildlife monitor of Whitehall - a popular role, possibly, given the British passion for animals, but ultimately as irrelevant as running the Major road-cones hot line.

As with the cones, monitoring the determinants of voter satisfaction has relevance only if something is done about the bad bits. Transport, Prescott's old specialist subject, features alongside birds and wildlife, his new area of expertise. Car traffic, his report says, is 14 times higher than in 1950.

In the absence of any coherent vision of what the new Minister for Fur and Feathers can offer as a remedy, one can only conclude that this unhappy statistic adds up to an awful lot of squashed cats.

This article first appeared in the 27 November 1998 issue of the New Statesman, How the left hijacked the family

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What's to be done about racial inequality?

David Cameron's words on equal opportunities are to be welcomed - now for some action, says Sunder Katwala.

David Cameron made the strongest, clearest and most high profile statement about ethnic inequalities and the need to tackle discrimination ever yet offered by a British Prime Minister in his leader’s speech to the Conservative Party conference in Manchester.
“Picture this. You’ve graduated with a good degree. You send out your CV far and wide. But you get rejection after rejection. What’s wrong? It’s not the qualifications or the previous experience. It’s just two words at the top: first name, surname. Do you know that in our country today: even if they have exactly the same qualifications, people with white-sounding names are nearly twice as likely to get call backs for jobs than people with ethnic-sounding names? … That, in 21st century Britain, is disgraceful. We can talk all we want about opportunity, but it’s meaningless unless people are really judged equally”, said Cameron.
While the proof of the pudding will be in the eating, this was a powerfully argued Prime Ministerial intervention – and a particularly well-timed one, for three reasons.

Firstly, the Prime Minister was able to root his case in an all-but-universally accepted appeal for equal opportunities. It will always prove more difficult in practice to put political energy and resources behind efforts to remedy discrimination against a minority of the population unless a convincing fairness case is made that values cherished across our whole society are at stake. Cameron’s argument, that any party which tells itself that it is the party of the ‘fair chance’ and ‘the equal shot’ must have a response when there is such clear evidence of discrimination, should prove persuasive to a Conservative Party that has not seen race inequalities as its natural territory. Cameron argued that the same principles should animate responses to discrimination when it comes to race, gender and social class. Put like that, wanting job interviews to be fair – by eradicating conscious and unconscious patterns of bias wherever possible – would strike most Britons as offering as clear a case of the values of fair play as wanting the best baker to win the Great British Bake-Off on television.
Secondly, Cameron’s intervention comes at a potential "tipping point" moment for fair opportunities across ethnic groups. Traditionally, ethnic discrimination has been discussed primarily through the lens of its impact on the most marginalised. Certainly, persistent gaps in the criminal justice system, mental health provision and unemployment rates remain stark for some minority groups. What has been less noticed is the emergence of a much more complex pattern of opportunity and disadvantage – not least as a consequence of significant ethnic minority progress.

Most strikingly of all, in educational outcomes, historic attainment gaps between ethnic minorities and their white British peers have disappeared over the last decade. In the aggregate, ethnic minorities get better GCSE results on average. Ethnic minority Britons are more likely, not less likely, to be university graduates than their fellow citizens. 

As a result of that progress, Cameron’s intervention comes at a moment of significant potential – but significant risk too. Britain’s ethnic minorities are the youngest and fastest-growing sections of British society. If that educational progress translates into economic success, it will make a significant contribution to the "Great British Take-Off" that the Prime Minister envisions. But if that does not happen, with educational convergence combined with current ‘ethnic penalties’ in employment and income persisting, then that potential could well curdle into frustration that the British promise of equal opportunities is not being kept.  Cameron also mirrored his own language in committing himself to both a ‘fight against extremism’ and a ‘fight against discrimination’: while those are distinct challenges and causes, actively pursuing both tracks simultaneously has the potential, at least, depolarise some debates about responses to extremism  - and so to help deepen the broad social coalitions we need for a more cohesive society too.

Thirdly, Cameron’s challenge could mark an important deepening in the political competition between the major parties on race issues. Many have been struck by the increase in political attention on the centre-right to race issues over the last five to ten years. The focus has been on the politics of representation. By increasing the number of non-white Conservative MPs from two to seventeen since 2005, Cameron has sent a powerful signal that Labour’s traditional claim to be ‘the party of ethnic minorities’ would now be contested. Cameron was again able to celebrate in Manchester several ways in which his Cabinet and Parliamentary benches demonstrate many successful journeys of migrant and minority integration in British society. That might perhaps help to ease the fears, about integration being impossible in an era of higher immigration, which the Home Secretary had articulated the previous day.

So symbolism can matter. But facial diversity is not enough. The politics of ethnic minority opportunity needs to be about more than visits to gurdwaras, diversity nights at the party conference fringes and unveiling statues of Mahatma Gandhi in Parliament Square. Jeremy Corbyn’s first speech as Labour leader did include one brief celebratory reference to Britain’s ethnic diversity – “as I travelled the country during the leadership campaign it was wonderful to see the diversity of all the people in our country” – and to Labour bringing in more black, Asian and ethnic minority members - but it did not include any substantial content on discrimination. Tim Farron acknowledged during his leadership campaign that the Liberal Democrats have struggled to get to the starting-line on race and diversity at all. The opposition parties too will no doubt now be challenged to match not just the Prime Minister’s rhetorical commitment to challenging inequalities but also to propose how it could be done in practice.

Non-white Britons expect substance, not just symbolism from all of the parties on race inequalites.  Survation’s large survey of ethnic minority voters for British Future showed the Conservatives winning more ethnic minority support than ever before – but just 29 per cent of non-white respondents were confident that the Conservatives are committed to treating people of every ethnic background equally, while 54 per cent said this of Labour. Respondents were twice as likely to say that the Conservatives needto do more to reach out – and the Prime Minister would seem to be committed to showing that he has got that message.  Moreover, there is evidence that ethnic inclusion could be important in broadening a party’s appeal to other younger, urban and more liberal white voters too – which is why it made sense for this issue to form part of a broader attempt by David Cameron to colonise the broad centre of British politics in his Manchester speech.

But the case for caution is that there has been limited policy attention to ethnic inequalities under the last two governments. Restaurateur Iqbal Wahhab decided to give up his role chairing an ethnic minority taskforce for successive governments, unconvinced there was a political commitment to do much more than convene a talking shop. Lib Dem equalities minister Lynne Featherstone did push the CV discrimination issue – but many Conservatives were sceptical. Cameron’s new commitment may face similar challenges from those whose instinct is to worry that more attention to discrimination or bias in the jobs market will mean more red tape for business.

Labour had a separate race inequalities manifesto in 2015, outside of its main election manifesto, while the Conservative manifesto did not contain significant commitments to racial inequality. The mid-campaign launch in Croydon of a series of race equality pledges showed an increasing awareness of the growing importance of ethnic minority votes - though the fact that they all involved aiming for increases of 20 per cent by 2020 gave them a slightly back-of-the-envelope feel. 

Prime Ministerial commitments have an important agenda-setting function. A generation ago the Stephen Lawrence case opened the eyes of middle England to racist violence and police failures, particularly through the Daily Mail’s persistent challenging of those injustices. A Conservative Prime Minister’s words could similarly make a big difference in the mainstreaming of the issue of inequalities of opportunity. What action should follow words? Between now and next year’s party conference season, that must will now be the test for this Conservative government – and for their political opponents too. 

Sunder Katwala is director of British Future and former general secretary of the Fabian Society.