Morning Call: pick of the papers

The ten must-read pieces from this morning's papers.

1. Margaret Thatcher's biggest debt was to Argentina's navy (Guardian)

If not for Alfredo Astiz, 30 years ago Britain would have lost the Falkland Islands and Thatcher her political career, says Simon Jenkins.

2. Those hard Tory heads and hearts are back (Times) (£)

Not only is the 50p tax cut indefensible, but the Chancellor's cuts are grossly unfair in their effect on the poor, argues Philip Collins.

3. France is a deeply racist country, and Toulouse will only make that worse (Independent)

The French have transferred their resentments from Jews to Arabs, says Adrian Hamilton.

4. Chancellors cross the elderly at their peril (Daily Mail)

Osborne is blithely ignorant of the pain the elderly have suffered in the past few years, says a Daily Mail editorial.

5. Osborne gets bolder with each Budget - but it's still not enough (Daily Telegraph)

The Chancellor's slow-motion cuts are dragging out the austerity process, says Fraser Nelson.

6. A budget for Tory blowhards and Redwood dreamers (Guardian)

Forget mugging grannies, George Osborne's 50p rate gamble reveals a naked yearning for the glory days of Thatcher, writes Polly Toynbee.

7. Osborne's 'granny tax' does not go far enough (Financial Times)

Pensioners have had an easy recession so far, writes Tim Leunig.

8. Hague could learn from Operation Babylon (Daily Telegraph)

Israel's 1981 bombing raid on Iraq's nuclear reactor has echoes for the Middle East today, says Azriel Bermant.

9. Obama gets the conservative vote (Financial Times)

The Republicans are trailing in places where they have traditionally had a strong edge - both home and abroad, writes Philip Stephens

10. The British high street is dead - let's celebrate (Guardian)

Most town centres are boring clones, and the closure of large retailers will open up creative space for quirky start-ups, writes Wayne Hemingway.

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It's time for Jeremy Corbyn's supporters to take on the unions

The union support for expanding Heathrow reflects a certain conservatism. 

The government’s announcement that it will go ahead with a third runway at Heathrow seems to have unlocked an array of demons. It has also created some unlikely alliances. Zac Goldsmith, the pro-Brexit mayoral candidate whose campaign was widely condemned as racist, is seeking to re-invent himself as an environmental champion, campaigning alongside fellow Heathrow MP John McDonnell. And the Richmond byelection which he is triggering could yet become a test case for Labour’s progressive alliance enthusiasts.

But perhaps the most significant position is that of the major unions. To the shock of many less seasoned activists on the left, Unite, the largest trade union in the UK and a consistent supporter of Corbyn’s leadership, has loudly called on the government to “be bold and build” the new runway, even now urging it to accelerate the process. Far from being a revelation, Unite’s position on Heathrow is longstanding – and it points to the lasting power and influence of an establishment trade unionism.

In August, the TUC co-ordinated a joint statement from five unions, urging the government to go ahead with the third runway. Like the rest of the unions’ lobbying efforts, it was coordinated with other pro-expansion stakeholders like the CBI, and it could just as easily have been authored by the business lobby. Heathrow expansion will, it says, “deliver at least £147bn to UK GDP and 70,000 new jobs”. “Trade unions and their members”, said Frances O’Grady, “stand ready to work to help the government successfully deliver this next major national infrastructure project”.

The logic that drives unions to support projects like Heathrow expansion – and which drives the GMB union to support fracking and Trident renewal – is grounded in a model of trade unionism which focuses not on transforming the workplace, but on the narrowly-defined interests of workers – job creation, economic growth and a larger share of the pie. It views the trade union movement not as merely antagonistic to employers, but as a responsible lobbying partner for business and industry, and as a means of mediating workers’ demands in a way that is steady and acceptable to the state and the economic system. This model, and the politics that accompanied it, is why, historically, trade unions were a conservative influence on Labour’s internal politics.

Nothing could be more at odds with the political, environmental and economic realities of the 21st century. It is not in the interests of workers or ordinary people to live on a planet which is slowly becoming uninhabitable. To avoid catastrophic global warming, we need to leave the vast majority of fossil fuels in the ground – that probably means shrinking the aviation industry, not expanding Heathrow’s passenger capacity by 70 per cent. All of this is implicitly recognised by Jeremy Corbyn’s environmental and industrial strategy, which aims to create a million new jobs and build a million new homes while switching to renewables and democratising the energy industry.

The gap between Corbyn’s policies and the policies of many major trade unions tells us something deeper about the challenges facing the left. If Corbynism is an unfinished revolution in the Labour Party machine, it is one which has barely started in the wider labour movement.

The gradual leftward shift in many unions’ political allegiances has broadened the alliance around Corbyn and given him strength in numbers and resources, but it is often as much about internal union politics as it is a deep conviction for what Corbyn represents. Unison general secretary Dave Prentis did back Corbyn’s re-election following a ballot of members, but is hardly a left-winger, and the union’s votes on Labour’s NEC are not safely aligned to the left.

The political radicalisation of the unions has been matched, if anything, by a decline in coordinated industrial action. The national strategy that fuelled the anti-austerity movement in 2011 and 2012 is only a memory. The democratic and organising culture in many unions, too, remains bureaucratic and opaque. Trade unions have played a key role in Corbyn’s coalition, but without a significant shift in their internal culture and a shift away from their role as respectable partners of industry, they could easily scupper the project as well. 

The expansion of Heathrow airport is a step backwards for the future of the planet and the interests of ordinary people – and yet, if it happens at all, it will have been made possible by the concerted efforts of key trade unions. This is not an aberration but a reminder that, despite their rhetorical flourishes in support of Corbyn, Britain’s trade unions are also in need of change. Any project that aims to transform the Labour party and wider society must also aim to transform the whole of the labour movement – from the shop floor to the corridors of power.