Morning Call: pick of the papers

The ten must-read pieces from this morning's newspapers.

1. A far from triumphant end to the war in Iraq (Independent)

Iraq and the world are better off without Saddam, says this leading article. But the price paid was too high.

2. Be warned, America's withdrawal from Iraq heralds a world of instability (Guardian)

Our troops' presence is needed in this land that is far from secure, says John Bolton, who served as ambassador to the UN under George Bush.

3. Trial and Error (Times) (£)

This leading article says that the issue of detainees captured in Iraq and Afghanistan must be addressed.

4. The highs and lows of democracy (Financial Times)

Philip Stephen looks back at 2011, when tyrants have fallen, while elected leaders have been frozen in crisis.

5. The cause of this recession? Economic pundits ignoring history's voice (Guardian)

As long as factional interests like bankers or economists override common sense, there will be another crash, warns Simon Jenkins.

6. Enter Ed M, the Accidental Prime Minister (Times) (£)

Philip Collins explains how the ghosts of the Brussels summit could come back to haunt Cameron's Conservatives -- and the country.

7. Profit needn't be a dirty word when it comes to education (Daily Telegraph)

Michael Gove might have kept quiet about Breckland Free School, but it could be the start of something great, argues Fraser Nelson.

8. Death by strangling: the demise of state spending (Financial Times)

It is false that low taxes have spared the US from the European disease, writes Jeffrey Sachs.

9. You can't save troubled families on the cheap (Times) (£)

We know where the problems are, says Camila Batmanghelidjh. But Whitehall needs to do the psychological maths.

10. Will China's rulers listen to the voices of its downtrodden masses? (Daily Telegraph)

Jonathan Fenby writes that the protests in Wukan are a nightmare for the Communist rulers of a divided country.

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The rise of the green mayor – Sadiq Khan and the politics of clean energy

At an event at Tate Modern, Sadiq Khan pledged to clean up London's act.

On Thursday night, deep in the bowls of Tate Modern’s turbine hall, London Mayor Sadiq Khan renewed his promise to make the capital a world leader in clean energy and air. Yet his focus was as much on people as power plants – in particular, the need for local authorities to lead where central governments will not.

Khan was there to introduce the screening of a new documentary, From the Ashes, about the demise of the American coal industry. As he noted, Britain continues to battle against the legacy of fossil fuels: “In London today we burn very little coal but we are facing new air pollution challenges brought about for different reasons." 

At a time when the world's leaders are struggling to keep international agreements on climate change afloat, what can mayors do? Khan has pledged to buy only hybrid and zero-emissions buses from next year, and is working towards London becoming a zero carbon city.

Khan has, of course, also gained heroic status for being a bête noire of climate-change-denier-in-chief Donald Trump. On the US president's withdrawal from the Paris Agreement, Khan quipped: “If only he had withdrawn from Twitter.” He had more favourable things to say about the former mayor of New York and climate change activist Michael Bloomberg, who Khan said hailed from “the second greatest city in the world.”

Yet behind his humour was a serious point. Local authorities are having to pick up where both countries' central governments are leaving a void – in improving our air and supporting renewable technology and jobs. Most concerning of all, perhaps, is the way that interest groups representing business are slashing away at the regulations which protect public health, and claiming it as a virtue.

In the UK, documents leaked to Greenpeace’s energy desk show that a government-backed initiative considered proposals for reducing EU rules on fire-safety on the very day of the Grenfell Tower fire. The director of this Red Tape Initiative, Nick Tyrone, told the Guardian that these proposals were rejected. Yet government attempts to water down other EU regulations, such as the energy efficiency directive, still stand.

In America, this blame-game is even more highly charged. Republicans have sworn to replace what they describe as Obama’s “war on coal” with a war on regulation. “I am taking historic steps to lift the restrictions on American energy, to reverse government intrusion, and to cancel job-killing regulations,” Trump announced in March. While he has vowed “to promote clean air and clear water,” he has almost simultaneously signed an order to unravel the Clean Water Rule.

This rhetoric is hurting the very people it claims to protect: miners. From the Ashes shows the many ways that the industry harms wider public health, from water contamination, to air pollution. It also makes a strong case that the American coal industry is in terminal decline, regardless of possibile interventions from government or carbon capture.

Charities like Bloomberg can only do so much to pick up the pieces. The foundation, which helped fund the film, now not only helps support job training programs in coal communities after the Trump administration pulled their funding, but in recent weeks it also promised $15m to UN efforts to tackle climate change – again to help cover Trump's withdrawal from Paris Agreement. “I'm a bit worried about how many cards we're going to have to keep adding to the end of the film”, joked Antha Williams, a Bloomberg representative at the screening, with gallows humour.

Hope also lies with local governments and mayors. The publication of the mayor’s own environment strategy is coming “soon”. Speaking in panel discussion after the film, his deputy mayor for environment and energy, Shirley Rodrigues, described the move to a cleaner future as "an inevitable transition".

Confronting the troubled legacies of our fossil fuel past will not be easy. "We have our own experiences here of our coal mining communities being devastated by the closure of their mines," said Khan. But clean air begins with clean politics; maintaining old ways at the price of health is not one any government must pay. 

'From The Ashes' will premiere on National Geograhpic in the United Kingdom at 9pm on Tuesday, June 27th.

India Bourke is an environment writer and editorial assistant at the New Statesman.

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