Are these the 200 primary schools destined to become academies?

Michael Gove promises to turn worst-performing primary schools into academies.

The government announced today that it will be conducting an overhaul of the nation's primary schools by transforming the 200 worst performing institutions into academies. Although the Department for Education has not yet released a list of affected schools, parents will no doubt be wondering whether their own children's education will be affected by changes.

The New Statesman can confirm that the criteria for assessing the "worst" schools are as follows:

1. Schools that have fewer than 60 per cent of pupils attaining level 4 or above in English and Maths at Key Stage 2 (SATs exams)

2. Schools that have a lower than average progression level for pupipils between Key Stages 1 and 2

Primary schools that have consistently fallen below average on both of these criteria for the past five years are thus likely to be affected by the new changes. The final figure may not be exactly 200 schools, the DfE have said, but the number is likely to be within that region.

Using data collated by the BBC for the academic year 2009-2010, here are 197 that would be categorised as "worst" by these criteria. Of course, things could change between now and the decision being taken. The list is by local authority:

The list is as follows:

Local Authority Name of School
Barnsley
Bedford
Birmingham
Birmingham
Birmingham
Birmingham
Birmingham
Birmingham
Birmingham
Birmingham
Blackpool
Bolton
Bradford
Bristol, City of
Bristol, City of
Bristol, City of
Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Bury
Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
Cheshire East
Cheshire West
Cornwall
Cornwall
Cornwall
Cornwall
Croydon
Cumbria
Cumbria
Derby
Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Devon
Devon
Doncaster
Dudley
Durham
Ealing
East Riding
Enfield
Essex
Essex
Essex
Essex
Essex
Essex
Essex
Essex
Essex
Gateshead
Gateshead
Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Halton
Halton
Hampshire
Hampshire
Hampshire
Hampshire
Hampshire
Herefordshire
Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Isle of Wight
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kent
Kingston upon Hull
Kingston upon Hull
Kingston upon Hull
Kingston upon Hull
Kirklees
Knowsley
Lancashire
Lancashire
Leeds
Leeds
Leicester
Leicester
Leicestershire
Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Liverpool
Liverpool
Luton
Manchester
Medway
Medway
Newcastle Tyne
Newcastle Tyne
Norfolk
Norfolk
Norfolk
Norfolk
Norfolk
Norfolk
Norfolk
Norfolk
Norfolk
North Lincolnshire
North Somerset
North Somerset
Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
Northumberland
Nottingham
Nottingham
Nottingham
Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
Oldham
Oxfordshire
Peterborough
Plymouth
Portsmouth
Rochdale
Rotherham
Rotherham
Rotherham
Sandwell
Sandwell
Sheffield
Shropshire
Somerset
Southampton
Southwark
Southwark
Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Suffolk
Suffolk
Suffolk
Suffolk
Sunderland
Surrey
Surrey
Swindon
Tameside
Telford and Wrekin
Thurrock
Wakefield
Walsall
Walsall
Wandsworth
Warwickshire
Warwickshire
Warwickshire
West Berkshire
West Sussex
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Wirral
Wirral
Wolverhampton
Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Worcestershire
Darfield, All Saints, CofE Primary School
Abbey Middle School
St Clement's CofE Primary School
Brookfields Primary School
Primrose Hill Community School
Hawkesley CofE/Methodist Primary School
Bordesley Village Primary School
St George's CofE Junior and Infant School
Erdington Hall Primary School
Foundry Primary School
Christ The King Catholic Primary School
Queensbridge Primary School
St Oswald's CofE Primary School
Glenfrome Primary School
Oldbury Court Primary School
Ilminster Avenue Primary School
The Meadows School
Oak Green School
Bell Lane Combined School
St John's CofE Primary School, Radcliffe
The Round House Primary School
Guyhirn CofE VC Primary School
Orchards CofE Primary School
Underwood West Primary School
The Acorns Primary & Nursery School
Tregolls School
St Tudy CofE VA Primary School
Mevagissey Community Primary School
Ladock CofE School
Ecclesbourne Primary School
Petteril Bank School
St Cuthbert's Catholic School and Nursery
Boulton Primary School
Gamesley Community Primary School
Anthony Bek Community Primary School
Palterton Primary School
Bearnes Voluntary Primary School
Ashleigh CofE (VC) Primary School
Marshland Primary School
Thorns Primary School
Woodhouse Community Primary School
Petts Hill Primary School
Hornsea Burton Primary School
Starks Field Primary School
Ravenscroft Primary School
Alton Park Junior School
Harlowbury Primary School
John Bunyan Junior School
Melbourne Park Primary & Nursery
Milwards Primary School & Nursery
Wix and Wrabness Primary School
Little Parndon Primary School
Potter Street Primary School
Marley Hill Community Primary School
Blaydon West Primary School
Whitminster Endowed CofE School
Offa's Mead Primary School
Watermoor CofE Primary School
Parliament Primary School
St Augustine's Catholic Primary School
The Holy Spirit Catholic Primary School
Woodcroft Primary
Beaumont Junior School
Siskin Junior School
Romsey Primary School
Trosnant Junior School and BESD
Burley Gate CofE Primary School
Yewtree Primary School
Brockswood Primary School
Downside Middle School
Northdown Primary School
Rosherville CofE Primary School
Horizon Primary School
Greenfields Community Primary School
West Malling CofE VC Primary School
Linden Grove Primary School
Fordcombe CofE Primary School
Pilgrims' Way Primary School & Nursery
Castle Hill Community Primary School
Kingswood Primary School
Chantry Primary School
Molehill Copse Primary School
Hersden Community Primary School
Milton Court Primary School
Salmestone Primary School
Sherwood Park Primary School
Kingsmead Primary School
St James the Great Primary & Nursery
Bell Wood Community Primary School
Diocesan & Payne Smith CofE School
Hall Road Primary School
Newington Primary School
Foredyke Primary School
Griffin Primary School
Mount Pleasant Junior School
Greengates Community Primary
Weeton Primary School
Cherry Fold Community Primary
Grimes Dyke Primary School
Parklands Primary School
The Samworth Enterprise Academy
Mowmacre Hill Primary School
Thorpe Acre Junior School
The North Cotes CofE Primary School
The Mareham-le-Fen CofE School
Theddlethorpe Primary School
Phoenix Primary School
All Saints' Catholic Primary School
St Matthew's Primary School
Victoria Avenue Community Primary School
Luton Junior School
Stoke Community School
Walbottle Village Primary School
St George's RC Primary School
Hockwold Primary School
Cawston VC Primary School
The Bishops CofE Primary School
Peterhouse Primary School
Greenacre Primary & Nursery School
Upwell Community Primary School
Southery Primary School
Larkman Primary School
Thetford Queensway Community School
Parkwood Primary School
Court-de-Wyck Primary School
Oldmixon Primary School
Lumbertubs Primary School
Hazel Leys Nursery & Primary School
Southbrook Junior School
Lings Primary School
Earl Spencer Primary School
Grange Community School
Bedlingtonshire Junior High School
Rosslyn Park Primary & Nursery School
Westglade Primary School
Bulwell St Mary's Primary School
Brinsley Primary and Nursery School
St Patrick's Catholic Primary School
Church Vale Primary School
St Swithun's CofE Primary School
Stoneleigh Primary School
Tower Hill Community Primary School
Woodston Primary School
Mayflower Community School
Paulsgrove Primary School
St Margaret's CofE Primary School
Dinnington Community Primary School
Dalton Foljambe Primary School
West Melton Junior and Infant School
Hateley Heath Primary School
Cape Primary School
Prince Edward Primary School
The Martin Wilson School
Cossington Primary School
Heathfield Junior School
Gloucester School
Crawford Primary School
Churchfield CofE Primary School
Chesterton Primary School
Amington Heath Community School
Dove Bank Primary School
Longwood Primary School
Western Springs Primary School
Kingsfleet Primary School
Sandlings Primary School
Whitton Community Primary School
Langer Primary School
Academy 360
Leatherhead Trinity School
Stepgates Community School
Mountford Manor Primary School
Wild Bank Community School
Millbrook Primary School
Lansdowne Primary School
Newlands Primary School
County Bridge Primary School
Harden Primary School
Southmead Primary School
Wood End Primary School
Oakfield Primary School
All Saints CofE Primary School
The Willows Primary School
Seal Primary School, Selsey
Princecroft Primary School
Kings Park Primary School
Studley Green Primary School
The Manor CofE VC Primary School
St John's CofE School
Wilton and Barford CofE Primary
Salisbury, Manor Fields Primary
Fender Primary School
St Joseph's Catholic Primary School
Graiseley Primary School
Perry Wood Primary and Nursery
Sutton Park Community Primary
Gorse Hill Community Primary
Dines Green Primary School

Emanuelle Degli Esposti is the editor and founder of The Arab Review, an online journal covering arts and culture in the Arab world. She also works as a freelance journalist specialising in the politics of the Middle East.

Getty
Show Hide image

Donald Trump's cartoon nuclear rhetoric draws on a culture of American jingoism

Senior Republicans avoided condemning Trump's incendiary speech, and some endorsed it. 

From recent headlines, it seems as though Donald Trump isn't content with his Emmy-by-proxy. The US president told the United Nations General Assembly this week: “The United States has great strength and patience, but if it is forced to defend itself or its allies, we will have no choice but to totally destroy North Korea.” Trump’s speech raised eyebrows for its bellicose tone, especially when contrasted with his predecessor’s endorsement of a war-averse approach. 

A widely circulated image of Trump's chief of staff John Kelly with his head in his hand might suggest that most listeners loathed the speech. But Trump said many outrageous things on the campaign trail and voters - at least a critical number of them - agreed. So how did his words go down at home? 

My contacts in international security were unwilling to go on the record condemning it. They were mainly Americans in their twenties, hoping for a government job one day, and fearful of saying anything that could be interpreted as "un-American".

The one person who would speak to me asked for their name to withheld. A former military analyst in the US Department of Defence, they told me that “the US has the military capability and legal responsibility to address threats to itself or allies". What Trump said, they suggested, should be seen in the context of the wider US institutions. "While Trump may have advocated for isolation in the past, the political and military forces he leads are built to enforce the adherence to international law and regional security," the former analyst said. "They provide a real counterweight to the bombast in Pyongyang.”

Trump's speech may have been colourful - his nickname for the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, "Rocket Man", is a reference to Elton John’s mid-Cold War musical hit – but the speech should be seen as yet another reassertion of US military dominance. North Korea may boast of its Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) development,  but its arsenal is simply not well-equipped enough to present the same existential threat to the US that the USSR did at its peak. 

Rather than lacking comprehension, the analyst said of the speech: “Trump's rhetoric is intended to galvanise recognition that the current rules based order is threatened by North Korea's actions”.

Trump’s jingoism is not unique amongst the current American elite. Back in 1983, in his book, The Wizards of Armageddon, the liberal journalist Fred Kaplan characterised the hawkish US military strategy as simply ejaculating combative statements without a long-term plan. Kaplan quoted Herman Kahn, one of the early nuclear strategists, who called one proposal targeting the USSR a “war orgasm”. 

The US Senate recently passed a defence policy bill to increase military spending to $700bn, which includes $8.5bn for missile defence purposes. Overtly catastrophic language, meanwhile, has long been a staple of US foreign policy debates. In 2015, Trump's rival for the Republican presidential nomination, Ted Cruz, made headlines when he vowed to carpet-bomb Isis until he found out "if sand can glow in the dark". While most leading Republicans chose to stay silent after Trump's speech, a few, such as Paul Ryan and Rand Paul, publicly endorsed the message. Cruz, despite the rivalry, was among them. 

On social media, the American public are vocally divided. Some called for Trump to be denounced for his inflammatory speech, but others tweeted #MakeAmericaGreatAgain. Even some Trump sceptics agreed that the North Korea “nuclear summer” needed to be kept in check.

By contrast, overseas listeners have perceived the speech, and this administration’s foreign policy, as unnecessarily incendiary. Matt Korda, a Canadian research assistant on strategic stability at the UK-based Centre for Science and Security Studies,  told me: “Kim Jong-un perceives his nuclear weapons to be the only thing guaranteeing his regime's survival”.

“He will never give them up, no matter how much Trump threatens him," Korda added. “On the contrary: Trump's threat to ‘totally destroy’ the entire country (including millions of innocent and oppressed civilians) will only tighten Kim's grip on his nuclear weapons”.

The effects of Trump’s speech are yet to fully play out, but it is clear that his words have rallied at least a section of American society, and rankled everyone else. The Donald may seem to be mirroring the culture of nuclear recklessness his North Korean opponent helped to create, but this is also the kind of hostile and hyperbolic rhetoric which fuelled his rise to power. In reality, once Trump’s unpleasant vernacular is decoded, he can be seen to be echoing the same global view that has long pervaded the collective American consciousness. Trump's speech was not addressed at his UN doubters, but rather at his domestic fan base and his allies in the South Pacific. This is not a shift in US foreign policy - it is tradition with a spray-tan.

 

 

Anjuli R. K. Shere is a 2016/17 Wellcome Scholar and science intern at the New Statesman