Web Only: the best of the blogs

The five must-read posts from today, on MPs' lobbying links, social networking and US health care.

1. Why holding the Iraq inquiry is not a political mistake

Next Left's Sunder Katwala challenges the conventional wisdom that the Iraq inquiry has backfired on Gordon Brown.

2. Voodoo corner

UK Polling Report's Anthony Wells warns of the rise of "voodoo polls" -- open-access polls that do not make any attempt to gather a representative sample. Today's Mumsnet poll on voting intentions is a typical offender, he says.

3. MPs' lobbying links to be revealed

The Times's Sam Coates says it's worth keeping an eye on a list revealing the identities of the lobbyists for whom MPs have hired rooms.

4. Social media's impact on politics, part one: the groups that face extinction

Mark Pack at Liberal Democrat Voice discusses the "real impact" of social networking sites on politics.

5. Did Obama move health care forward?

The New York Times's Room for Debate blog has a rolling discussion of the health-care overhaul -- where will it go from here, if anywhere? Harold Pollack, Steffie Woolhandler and David Himmelstein have contributed so far.

 

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The problems with ending encryption to fight terrorism

Forcing tech firms to create a "backdoor" to access messages would be a gift to cyber-hackers.

The UK has endured its worst terrorist atrocity since 7 July 2005 and the threat level has been raised to "critical" for the first time in a decade. Though election campaigning has been suspended, the debate over potential new powers has already begun.

Today's Sun reports that the Conservatives will seek to force technology companies to hand over encrypted messages to the police and security services. The new Technical Capability Notices were proposed by Amber Rudd following the Westminster terrorist attack and a month-long consultation closed last week. A Tory minister told the Sun: "We will do this as soon as we can after the election, as long as we get back in. The level of threat clearly proves there is no more time to waste now. The social media companies have been laughing in our faces for too long."

Put that way, the plan sounds reasonable (orders would be approved by the home secretary and a senior judge). But there are irrefutable problems. Encryption means tech firms such as WhatsApp and Apple can't simply "hand over" suspect messages - they can't access them at all. The technology is designed precisely so that conversations are genuinely private (unless a suspect's device is obtained or hacked into). Were companies to create an encryption "backdoor", as the government proposes, they would also create new opportunities for criminals and cyberhackers (as in the case of the recent NHS attack).

Ian Levy, the technical director of the National Cyber Security, told the New Statesman's Will Dunn earlier this year: "Nobody in this organisation or our parent organisation will ever ask for a 'back door' in a large-scale encryption system, because it's dumb."

But there is a more profound problem: once created, a technology cannot be uninvented. Should large tech firms end encryption, terrorists will merely turn to other, lesser-known platforms. The only means of barring UK citizens from using the service would be a Chinese-style "great firewall", cutting Britain off from the rest of the internet. In 2015, before entering the cabinet, Brexit Secretary David Davis warned of ending encryption: "Such a move would have had devastating consequences for all financial transactions and online commerce, not to mention the security of all personal data. Its consequences for the City do not bear thinking about."

Labour's manifesto pledged to "provide our security agencies with the resources and the powers they need to protect our country and keep us all safe." But added: "We will also ensure that such powers do not weaken our individual rights or civil liberties". The Liberal Democrats have vowed to "oppose Conservative attempts to undermine encryption."

But with a large Conservative majority inevitable, according to polls, ministers will be confident of winning parliamentary support for the plan. Only a rebellion led by Davis-esque liberals is likely to stop them.

George Eaton is political editor of the New Statesman.

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