As 70 nations continue talking in London about the future of the country, here are some things you may not know about Afghanistan:
Pashtun: The dominant ethnic group, concentrated in the south-eastern regions, the Pashtuns furnish the Taliban with more recruits than any other group. Only 30% of the Afghan National Army's trainees are Pashtun, 8% less than 2003 guidelines.
Tajik: Dari speakers of Iranian origin, concentrated in the north-east, Tajiks occupy many public roles in modern Afghanistan and account for 41% of all trained ANA troops.
Uzbek: The main Turkic people of Afghanistan, found in the northern regions; usually speak both Dari and Uzbek.
Hazara: Farsi speakers, mainly of the Hazarajat region. Set apart from the Sunni majority by their Shia beliefs.
Aimak: Dari speakers who inhabit the north-western highlands of Afghanistan and have a semi-nomadic lifestyle. Closely related to the Hazara; the main difference is religious.
Turkmen: Traditionally nomadic people of Turkic origin, closely related to the Uzbeks.
Baloch: A pastoral and desert-dwelling group of Iranian ethnicity, found in the south.
Other: Include Nuristanis and the Kirghiz.
Read more from our Afghanistan issue.