Morning Call: pick of the comment

The ten must-read pieces from this morning's papers

1. Labour must act now to replace Gordon Brown (Independent)

The Labour MP Barry Sheerman argues that Brown has failed to improve since the party's dreadful performance in the European elections and must be removed for the good of the country.

2. Britain just might pull off this high-speed railway revolution (Daily Telegraph)

Benedict Brogan says that Lord Adonis's visionary high-speed rail plan deserves to succeed with cross-party support. He calls on David Cameron to adopt a "new kind of politics" and make Adonis his first transport secretary.

3. Threats to Yemen prove America hasn't learned the lesson of history (Independent)

Patrick Cockburn argues that the US is beginning to make the same mistakes in Yemen as it made in Afghanistan and Iraq. He warns that US policy continues unwittingly to aid al-Qaeda.

4. Love Tony Blair or loathe him, only one choice for politician of the decade (Guardian)

Michael White says that despite the calamitous invasion of Iraq, Blair was the dominant force of the decade. Whether posterity will judge him more harshly or more kindly depends on what happens next.

5. Towering ambition always comes before a fall (Times)

Ben Macintyre says that as Dubai's economy totters and sways, the decision to build the Burj Dubai, the world's tallest building, may turn out to be a monumental folly

6. The economic "experts" who stopped making sense (Daily Telegraph)

Edmund Conway explores why, despite the financial crisis, we continue to put our faith in economists. He argues that we have lost confidence in our common sense and are seeking refuge in "apparent certainty".

7. Maybe Tories aren't so stupid after all (Independent)

John Rentoul argues that the Conservatives' opposition to electoral reform isn't as strange as it appears.

8. As threats multiply and power fragments, the coming decade cries out for realistic idealism (Guardian)

Timothy Garton Ash says that strategic co-operation between old and new powers is the best way to tackle terrorism.

9. She knew she was right (Daily Telegraph)

A leader says that the cabinet papers released on Margaret Thatcher's first year in office remind us of the political benefits that accrue from strong leadership.

10. Why 2010 could be an own goal for the Rainbow Nation

Jonathan Steele argues that the ANC is failing poor black South Africans and predicts that hosting the World Cup could backfire on Jacob Zuma.

 

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Why Barack Obama was right to release Chelsea Manning

A Presidential act of mercy is good for Manning, but also for the US.

In early 2010, a young US military intelligence analyst on an army base near Baghdad slipped a Lady Gaga CD into a computer and sang along to the music. In fact, the soldier's apparently upbeat mood hid two facts. 

First, the soldier later known as Chelsea Manning was completely alienated from army culture, and the callous way she believed it treated civilians in Iraq. And second, she was quietly erasing the music on her CDs and replacing it with files holding explosive military data, which she would release to the world via Wikileaks. 

To some, Manning is a free speech hero. To others, she is a traitor. President Barack Obama’s decision to commute her 35-year sentence before leaving office has been blasted as “outrageous” by leading Republican Paul Ryan. Other Republican critics argue Obama is rewarding an act that endangered the lives of soldiers and intelligence operatives while giving ammunition to Russia. 

They have a point. Liberals banging the drum against Russia’s leak offensive during the US election cannot simultaneously argue leaks are inherently good. 

But even if you think Manning was deeply misguided in her use of Lady Gaga CDs, there are strong reasons why we should celebrate her release. 

1. She was not judged on the public interest

Manning was motivated by what she believed to be human rights abuses in Iraq, but her public interest defence has never been tested. 

The leaks were undoubtedly of public interest. As Manning said in the podcast she recorded with Amnesty International: “When we made mistakes, planning operations, innocent people died.” 

Thanks to Manning’s leak, we also know about the Vatican hiding sex abuse scandals in Ireland, plus the UK promising to protect US interests during the Chilcot Inquiry. 

In countries such as Germany, Canada and Denmark, whistle blowers in sensitive areas can use a public interest defence. In the US, however, such a defence does not exist – meaning it is impossible for Manning to legally argue her actions were in the public good. 

2. She was deemed worse than rapists and murderers

Her sentence was out of proportion to her crime. Compare her 35-year sentence to that received by William Millay, a young police officer, also in 2013. Caught in the act of trying to sell classified documents to someone he believed was a Russian intelligence officer, he was given 16 years

According to Amnesty International: “Manning’s sentence was much longer than other members of the military convicted of charges such as murder, rape and war crimes, as well as any others who were convicted of leaking classified materials to the public.”

3. Her time in jail was particularly miserable 

Manning’s conditions in jail do nothing to dispel the idea she has been treated extraordinarily harshly. When initially placed in solitary confinement, she needed permission to do anything in her cell, even walking around to exercise. 

When she requested treatment for her gender dysphoria, the military prison’s initial response was a blanket refusal – despite the fact many civilian prisons accept the idea that trans inmates are entitled to hormones. Manning has attempted suicide several times. She finally received permission to receive gender transition surgery in 2016 after a hunger strike

4. Julian Assange can stop acting like a martyr

Internationally, Manning’s continued incarceration was likely to do more harm than good. She has said she is sorry “for hurting the US”. Her worldwide following has turned her into an icon of US hypocrisy on free speech.

Then there's the fact Wikileaks said its founder Julian Assange would agree to be extradited to the US if Manning was released. Now that Manning is months away from freedom, his excuses for staying in the Equadorian London Embassy to avoid Swedish rape allegations are somewhat feebler.  

As for the President - under whose watch Manning was prosecuted - he may be leaving his office with his legacy in peril, but with one stroke of his pen, he has changed a life. Manning, now 29, could have expected to leave prison in her late 50s. Instead, she'll be free before her 30th birthday. And perhaps the Equadorian ambassador will finally get his room back. 

 

Julia Rampen is the editor of The Staggers, The New Statesman's online rolling politics blog. She was previously deputy editor at Mirror Money Online and has worked as a financial journalist for several trade magazines.