Morning Call: pick of the comment

The ten must-read pieces from this morning's newspapers

1. The road from Copenhagen (Guardian)

The Climate and Energy Secretary, Ed Miliband, admits the failings of the Copenhagen summit and defends the successes, exploring how to go forward. He urges the green movement "not to lose heart and momentum".

2. After the catastrophe in Copenhagen, it's up to us (Independent)

Johann Hari berates politicians at Copenhagen for their failure and calls for collective action: "a mass movement of ordinary democratic citizens" can make the "impossible" happen.

3. Copenhagen was the MPs' expenses scandal writ large (Daily Telegraph)

Over at the Telegraph, Matthew d'Ancona says Copenhagen "dramatised the gulf between political class and public". He urges leaders to focus more on convincing climate change sceptics.

4. Failed state (Times)

It is dangerous to ignore the ongoing crisis in Somalia, the Times leader says. The west must act to tackle the growing Islamisation of a brutalised populace in a lawless state.

5. Dogged Brown can still upset Cameron's enigma variations (Guardian)

Jackie Ashley says that if Labour found new energy we could still see a hung parliament next year, although as things stands, she still expects a Conservative majority government.

6. The end of Britain's long weekend (Financial Times)

Max Hastings looks ahead to Christmas in 2010 and 2011, arguing that things will be much worse, as a Conservative government will "fail in its responsibility" if it does not drastically cut public-sector jobs and allow businesses to go bust.

7. Sickness in health (Times)

Victims of medical negligence deserve redress, and the lawyers who act for them need to be paid, says the Times, but both payouts and legal fees should be in proportion.

8. We must bring in a better law on self-defence (Daily Telegraph)

The Munir Hussain case raises questions about our right to defend our property and person, and this right should be safeguarded, except where it is grossly disproportionate.

9. Eurostar was not just a mechanical breakdown (Independent)

The breakdown of Eurostar over the weekend raises grave questions about our emergency planning, according to the Independent.

10. Heed the great stabiliser's words on banking (Times)

William Rees-Mogg says we should listen to Paul Volcker, Barack Obama's economic adviser, who wants a return to Glass-Steagall rules: the move is right for both Wall Street and the City.

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The deafening killer - why noise will be the next great pollution scandal

A growing body of evidence shows that noise can have serious health impacts too. 

Our cities are being poisoned by a toxin that surrounds us day and night. It eats away at our brains, hurts our hearts, clutches at our sleep, and gnaws at the quality of our daily lives.

Hardly a silent killer, it gets short shrift compared to the well-publicised terrors of air pollution and sugars food. It is the dull, thumping, stultifying drum-beat of perpetual noise.

The score that accompanies city life is brutal and constant. It disrupts the everyday: The coffee break ruined by the screech of a line of double decker buses braking at the lights. The lawyer’s conference call broken by drilling as she makes her way to the office. The writer’s struggle to find a quiet corner to pen his latest article.

For city-dwellers, it’s all-consuming and impossible to avoid. Construction, traffic, the whirring of machinery, the neighbour’s stereo. Even at home, the beeps and buzzes made by washing machines, fridges, and phones all serve to distract and unsettle.

But the never-ending noisiness of city life is far more than a problem of aesthetics. A growing body of evidence shows that noise can have serious health impacts too. Recent studies have linked noise pollution to hearing loss, sleep deprivation, hypertension, heart disease, brain development, and even increased risk of dementia.

One research team compared families living on different stories of the same building in Manhattan to isolate the impact of noise on health and education. They found children in lower, noisier floors were worse at reading than their higher-up peers, an effect that was most pronounced for children who had lived in the building for longest.

Those studies have been replicated for the impact of aircraft noise with similar results. Not only does noise cause higher blood pressure and worsens quality of sleep, it also stymies pupils trying to concentrate in class.

As with many forms of pollution, the poorest are typically the hardest hit. The worst-off in any city often live by busy roads in poorly-insulated houses or flats, cheek by jowl with packed-in neighbours.

The US Department of Transport recently mapped road and aircraft noise across the United States. Predictably, the loudest areas overlapped with some of the country’s most deprived. Those included the south side of Atlanta and the lowest-income areas of LA and Seattle.

Yet as noise pollution grows in line with road and air traffic and rising urban density, public policy has turned a blind eye.

Council noise response services, formally a 24-hour defence against neighbourly disputes, have fallen victim to local government cuts. Decisions on airport expansion and road development pay scant regard to their audible impact. Political platforms remain silent on the loudest poison.

This is odd at a time when we have never had more tools at our disposal to deal with the issue. Electric Vehicles are practically noise-less, yet noise rarely features in the arguments for their adoption. Just replacing today’s bus fleet would transform city centres; doing the same for taxis and trucks would amount to a revolution.

Vehicles are just the start. Millions were spent on a programme of “Warm Homes”; what about “Quiet Homes”? How did we value the noise impact in the decision to build a third runway at Heathrow, and how do we compensate people now that it’s going ahead?

Construction is a major driver of decibels. Should builders compensate “noise victims” for over-drilling? Or could regulation push equipment manufacturers to find new ways to dampen the sound of their kit?

Of course, none of this addresses the noise pollution we impose on ourselves. The bars and clubs we choose to visit or the music we stick in our ears. Whether pumping dance tracks in spin classes or indie rock in trendy coffee shops, people’s desire to compensate for bad noise out there by playing louder noise in here is hard to control for.

The Clean Air Act of 1956 heralded a new era of city life, one where smog and grime gave way to clear skies and clearer lungs. That fight still goes on today.

But some day, we will turn our attention to our clogged-up airwaves. The decibels will fall. #Twitter will give way to twitter. And every now and again, as we step from our homes into city life, we may just hear the sweetest sound of all. Silence.

Adam Swersky is a councillor in Harrow and is cabinet member for finance. He writes in a personal capacity.