US Press: pick of the papers

The ten must-read opinion pieces from today's US papers.

1. We Are the 99.9% (New York Times)

The 99 per cent slogan is great, writes Paul Krugman, but it actually aims too low. A big chunk of the top 1 per cent's gains have gone to an even smaller group, the top 0.1 per cent.

2. Bye Bye Biden? (Wall Street Journal)

Peter Du Point thinks Obama may be eyeing Mrs. Clinton for the 2012 ticket.

3. The GOP contemplates a marriage (Washington Post)

Michael Gerson reports on the GOP's latest choice: Steady Romney or risky Gingrich?

4. Stuffing ourselves on Black Friday (Los Angeles Times)

On the biggest shopping day of the year, Annie Leonard and Rick Ridgeway suggest you think for a moment about the demands our consumption makes on the planet's resources and ask: Does our family need more stuff?

5. Hard drives, hard questions (Boston Globe) ($)

This editorial argues Republican primary voters deserve more give and take from candidate Mitt Romney, who criticizes the Obama administration for a lack of transparency.

6. Congress, don't fail us now (Denver Post)

Not acting on payroll tax cuts, unemployment benefits and Medicare would result in disaster, says this editorial.

7. Prison dysfunction (Chicago Tribune)

Jonah Goldberg describes "why we love all those criminals"

8. History too kind to Puritans' brutal intolerance (Detroit Free Press)

Eric Sharp syas Americans should give a thought to the enduring myth that Thanksgiving perpetuates.

9. Why the 'supercommittee' failed (USA Today)

One reason is political polarization, says this editorial. Another is that party leaders delegated the job to people with less clout.

10. Why We Spend, Why They Save (New York Times)

Europeans save more than Americans do. Sheldon Garon asks: "what can we learn from them?"

Police in Tahrir Square. Image: Getty.
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The murder of my friend Giulio Regeni is an attack on academic freedom

We are grieving – but above all, we are furious about the manner of his death.

The body of Giulio Regeni was discovered in a ditch in Cairo on February 2, showing evidence of torture, and a slow and horrific death. Giulio was studying for a PhD at the University of Cambridge, and was carrying out research on the formation of independent trade unions in post-Mubarak Egypt. There is little doubt that his work would have been extremely important in his field, and he had a career ahead of him as an important scholar of the region.

Giulio, originally from Fiumicello in north-east Italy, had a strong international background and outlook. As a teenager, he won a scholarship that allowed him to spend two formative years studying at the United World College in New Mexico. He was especially passionate about Egypt. Before beginning his doctoral research, he spent time in Cairo working for the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO). At the age of 28, he stood out with his big hopes and dreams, and he was committed to pursuing a career that would allow him to make an impact on the world, which is a poorer place for his passing.

Those of us who worked and spent time with him are grieving – but above all, we are furious about the manner of his death. While murder and torture are inherently of concern, Giulio’s case also has much broader implications for higher education in the UK and beyond.

Giuli Regeni. Image: provided by the author.

British universities have long fostered an outward-looking and international perspective. This has been evident in the consistent strength of area studies since the middle of the 20th century. The fact that academics from British universities have produced cutting-edge research on so many areas of the world is an important factor in the impact and esteem that the higher education system there enjoys.

In order to carry out this research, generations of scholars have carried out fieldwork in other countries, often with authoritarian political systems or social unrest that made them dangerous places in which to study. I carried out such research in Peru in the 1990s, working there while the country was ruled by the authoritarian government of Alberto Fujimori.

Alongside this research tradition, universities are becoming increasingly international in their outlook and make up. Large numbers of international students attend the classes, and their presence is crucial for making campuses more vibrant and diverse.

Giulio’s murder is a clear and direct challenge to this culture, and it demands a response. If our scholars – especially our social scientists – are to continue producing research with an international perspective, they will need to carry out international fieldwork. By its nature, this will sometimes involve work on challenging issues in volatile and unstable countries.

Universities clearly have a duty of care to their students and staff. This is generally exercised through ethics committees, whose work means that much greater care is taken than in the past to ensure that risks are managed appropriately. However, there is the danger that overly zealous risk management could affect researchers’ ability to carry out their work, making some important and high-impact research simply impossible.

Time for action

We cannot protect against all risks, but no scholar should face the risk of extrajudicial violence from the authorities. If universities are to remain internationally focused and outward-looking, we must exercise our duty of care towards our students and colleagues when they are working in other countries.

But there are limits to what academic institutions can do on their own. It is vital that governments raise cases such as Giulio’s, and push strongly for full investigations and for those responsible to be held to account.

The Italian and Egyptian authorities have announced a joint investigation into what happened to Giulio, but the British government also has a responsibility to make representations to this effect. That would send the message that any abuse by authorities of students and researchers from British universities will not be tolerated.

A petition will be circulated to this effect, and Giulio’s friends and colleagues will be campaigning on the issue in the days and weeks ahead.

Giulio Regeni’s murder is a direct challenge to the academic freedom that is a pillar of our higher education system. He is only one of many scholars who have been arbitrarily detained, and often abused, in Egypt. As a scholarly community and as a society, we have a duty to strike to protect them and their colleagues who study in dangerous places the world over.

 

Neil Pyper is an Associate Head of School at Coventry University

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.