US Press: pick of the papers

The ten must-read opinion pieces from today's US papers.

1. Let's All Feel Superior (New York Times)

The general reaction to the Penn State atrocity has been self-righteous and dishonest. We should all take a look at our propensity to self-deceive, says David Brooks.

2. Why Obama Is Beating the GOP Field (Washington Post)

Republicans aren't closing the deal with voters, finds Eugene Robinson.

3. The New Progressive Movement (New York Times)

Economist Jeffrey Sachs writes: "As before in history, the moment has arrived when people just can't take it anymore."

4. A manifesto for progressive-conservatives (Dallas Morning News) ($)

William McKenzie feels that those, like him, who believe in progressive social values and conservative economics won't have a satisfying presidential candidate come next November.

5. Will partisanship shape the healthcare ruling? (Los Angeles Times)

The Supreme Court has agreed to decide the constitutionality of the individual mandate. Erwin Chemerinsky asks whether the judges see the issue in terms of legal precedent or partisanship.

6. Geography as destiny (Politico)

David Dante Troutt writes that the sprawl of inequity and the reduction of opportunity offend basic American values.

7. Mississippi makes a statement on moral clarity (Detroit Free Press)

The nation's most conservative state has conceded there is something totalitarian in the idea the state can force a woman to bear a child she does not wish to bear, writes Leonard Pitts Jr.

8. Stop-and-frisk is the wrong approach: There are more humane ways to combat crime (New York Daily News)

David Kennedy argues it is time for the NYPD and other departments to attack violence with a coordinated strategy.

9. Family care cuts should be reversed (Star Tribune)

Heaping cuts on relatives who care for disabled is unfair, argues this editorial.

10. Congress Backslides on School Reform (Wall Street Journal) ($)

Kevin Chavous blames the regression on a strange, harmful alliance between the tea party and the teachers unions.

Ralph Orlowski / Getty
Show Hide image

Labour's investment bank plan could help fix our damaging financial system

The UK should learn from the success of a similar project in Germany.

Labour’s election manifesto has proved controversial, with the Tories and the right-wing media claiming it would take us back to the 1970s. But it contains at least one excellent idea which is certainly not out-dated and which would in fact help to address a key problem in our post-financial-crisis world.

Even setting aside the damage wrought by the 2008 crash, it’s clear the UK’s financial sector is not serving the real economy. The New Economics Foundation recently revealed that fewer than 10% of the total stock of UK bank loans are to non-financial and non-real estate businesses. The majority of their lending goes to other financial sector firms, insurance and pension funds, consumer finance, and commercial real estate.

Labour’s proposed UK Investment Bank would be a welcome antidote to a financial system that is too often damaging or simply useless. There are many successful examples of public development banks in the world’s fastest-growing economies, such as China and Korea. However, the UK can look closer to home for a suitable model: the KfW in Germany (not exactly a country known for ‘disastrous socialist policies’). With assets of over 500bn, the KfW is the world’s largest state-owned development bank when its size is measured as a percentage of GDP, and it is an institution from which the UK can draw much-needed lessons if it wishes to create a financial system more beneficial to the real economy.

Where does the money come from? Although KfW’s initial paid-up capital stems purely from public sources, it currently funds itself mainly through borrowing cheaply on the international capital markets with a federal government guarantee,  AA+ rating, and safe haven status for its public securities. With its own high ratings, the UK could easily follow this model, allowing its bank to borrow very cheaply. These activities would not add to the long-run public debt either: by definition an investment bank would invest in projects that would stimulate growth.

Aside from the obviously countercyclical role KfW played during the financial crisis, ramping up total business volume by over 40 per cent between 2007 and 2011 while UK banks became risk averse and caused a credit crunch, it also plays an important part in financing key sectors of the real economy that would otherwise have trouble accessing funds. This includes investment in research and innovation, and special programs for SMEs. Thanks to KfW, as well as an extensive network of regional and savings banks, fewer German SMEs report access to finance as a major problem than in comparator Euro area countries.

The Conservatives have talked a great deal about the need to rebalance the UK economy towards manufacturing. However, a real industrial policy needs more than just empty rhetoric: it needs finance. The KfW has historically played an important role in promoting German manufacturing, both at home and abroad, and to this day continues to provide finance to encourage the export of high-value-added German products

KfW works by on-lending most of its funds through the private banking system. This means that far from being the equivalent of a nationalisation, a public development bank can coexist without competing with the rest of the financial system. Like the UK, Germany has its share of large investment banks, some of which have caused massive instabilities. It is important to note that the establishment of a public bank would not have a negative effect on existing private banks, because in the short term, the UK will remain heavily dependent on financial services.

The main problem with Labour’s proposal is therefore not that too much of the financial sector will be publicly owned, but too little. Its proposed lending volume of £250bn over 10 years is small compared to the KfW’s total financing commitments of  750 billion over the past 10 years. Although the proposal is better than nothing, in order to be effective a public development bank will need to have sufficient scale.

Finally, although Brexit might make it marginally easier to establish the UK Investment Bank, because the country would no longer be constrained by EU State Aid Rules or the Maastricht criteria, it is worth remembering that KfW’s sizeable range of activities is perfectly legal under current EU rules.

So Europe cannot be blamed for holding back UK financial sector reform to date - the problem is simply a lack of political will in the current government. And with even key architects of 1980s financial liberalisation, such as the IMF and the economist Jeffrey Sachs, rethinking the role of the financial sector, isn’t it time Britain did the same?

Dr Natalya Naqvi is a research fellow at University College and the Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford, where she focuses on the role of the state and the financial sector in economic development

0800 7318496