Beltway Briefing

The top five stories from US politics today.

1. Mitt Romney will travel to Pennsylvania today -- the same as President Barack Obama -- in a clear attempt to cement his position as the frontrunner in the Republican presidential field.

The former Massachusetts governor will attack Obama's economic record, by holding a press conference outside Allentown Metal Works, a closed down factory which Obama visited in 2009 while promoting his stimulus pacakge.

Romney also released a new web video today which contrasts Obama's visit to the plant with local media reports of its closure. It uses his tagline -- borrowed from the Tories in 1979 -- "Obama isn't working".

 

 

Meanwhile, Obama will attend two fundraisers for the Democratic National Committee during his visit. Voters in Pennsylvania appear to be quite equally split on the president -- according to a recent Quinnipiac University poll, 48 per cent approve of his performance as president, while 48 per cent disapprove.

2. Republican voters are not satisfied with any of the current presidential field, if the latest poll by the New York Times/CBS is to be believed. So far, nine candidates have put themselves forward. About 70 per cent of Republican voters said they wished there were more candidates, with only 23 per cent expressing satisfaction with the current field.

Asked to name a presidential candidate they were enthusiastic about, two-thirds of GOP voters said they were not excited by any of them. Mitt Romney and Michele Bachmann fared best, each named by 7 per cent.

However, it is not all bad news for the Republican cohort -- past example indicates that these numbers will increase as the primaries approach. Before the last election, polls showed a similar lack of interest.

3. The former president Bill Clinton shared his thoughts on the current field of GOP candidates -- with the big caveat that he will be "very surprised" if Obama is not re-elected.

Of the former Utah governor Jon Huntsman, he said:

[He] did a very nice, a good job for America as ambassador to China. I think he's quite an impressive man. He's got an impressive family. I had the honor of meeting one of his children once and having a conversation with her. I think that he's refreshingly, kind of, unhide-bound. Just comes across as non-ideological -- conservative, but non-ideological, practical."

He was more reserved in his assessment of former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney and current frontrunner:

[He] doing a better job as a candidate this time than he did four years ago. [He] comes across as more relaxed and more convicted about what he did do, less willing to just be forced into apologizing for it because it violates some part of his party orthodoxy.

And he said that the early success of Michele Bachmann, Minnesota Representative, he said:

I've been watching her speak at some of these conventions on ESPN, you know, she comes across as a real person. ... The story that they tell is pretty compelling, all those foster children she's taken in, and children she's raised and the work she's done.

4. Herman Cain's latest campaign video appears to owe more than a little something to the Fox News school of thought. As one blogger puts it: "this video proves beyond ANY doubt Obama is a Leftist Marxist".

 

5. There is no rest for the wicked. Senator Harry Reid announced today that the Senate will sacrifice its scheduled week long break for the week of 4 July so that it can continue work on cutting the deficit. "It is often said that with liberty comes responsibility," said Reid, Democratic Senator of Nevada. "We should take responsibility seriously. I'm confident we do. That's why the Senate will reconvene on Tuesday, the day after the Fourth. We'll do that because we have work to do."

This follows calls by Republicans yesterday to postpone the recess. Republicans and the Democrats are trying to reach a deal on raising the government's current $14.3 trillion debt ceiling by the start of August.

 

Samira Shackle is a freelance journalist, who tweets @samirashackle. She was formerly a staff writer for the New Statesman.

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France’s burkini ban could not come at a worse time

Yet more legislation against veiled women can only further divide an already divided nation.

Since mayor of Cannes David Lisnard banned the full-body burkini from his town’s beaches, as many as 15 French resorts have followed suit. Arguments defending the bans fall into three main categories. First, it is about defending the French state’s secularism (laïcité). Second, that the costume represents a misogynistic doctrine that sees female bodies as shameful. And finally, that the burkini is cited as a threat to public order.

None of these arguments satisfactorily refute the claims of civil rights activists that the bans are fundamentally Islamophobic.

The niceties of laïcité

The Cannes decree explicitly invokes secular values. It prohibits anyone “not dressed in a fashion respectful of laïcité” from accessing public beaches. However, the French state has only banned “ostentatious” religious symbols in schools and for government employees as part of laïcité (the strict separation between the state and religious society). And in public spaces, laïcité claims to respect religious plurality. Indeed, the Laïcité Commission has tweeted that the ban, therefore, “cannot be based upon the principle of laïcité”.

While veils covering the entire face such as the burqa or niqab are illegal, this is not to protect laïcité; it is a security matter. The legal justification is that these clothes make it impossible to identify the person underneath – which is not the case for the burkini.

 

By falling back on laïcité to police Muslim women in this way, the Cannes authorities are fuelling the argument that “fundamentalist secularism” has become a means of excluding Muslims from French society.

Colonial attitudes

Others, such as Laurence Rossignol, the minister for women’s rights, hold that the burkini represents a “profoundly archaic view of a woman’s place in society”, disregarding Muslim women who claim to wear their burkini voluntarily.

This typifies an enduring colonial attitude among many non-Muslim French politicians, who feel entitled to dictate to Muslim women what is in their best interests. Rossignol has in the past compared women who wear headscarves through choice to American “negroes” who supported slavery.

Far from supporting women’s rights, banning the burkini will only leave the women who wear it feeling persecuted. Even those with no choice in the matter are not helped by the ban. This legal measure does nothing to challenge patriarchal authority over female bodies in the home. Instead, it further restricts the lives of veiled women by replacing it with state authority in public.

Open Islamophobia

Supporters of the ban have also claimed that, with racial tensions high after recent terrorist attacks, it is provocative to wear this form of Muslim clothing. Such an argument was made by Pierre-Ange Vivoni, mayor of Sisco in Corsica, when he banned the burkini in his commune. Early reports suggested a violent clash between local residents and non-locals of Moroccan origin was triggered when strangers photographed a burkini-wearing woman in the latter group, which angered her male companions. Vivoni claimed that banning the costume protected the security of local people, including those of North African descent.

Those reports have transpired to be false: none of the women in question were even wearing a burkini at the time of the incident. Nonetheless, the ban has stood in Sisco and elsewhere.

To be “provoked” by the burkini is to be provoked by the visibility of Muslims. Banning it on this basis punishes Muslim women for other people’s prejudice. It also disregards the burkini’s potential to promote social cohesion by giving veiled women access to the same spaces as their non-Muslim compatriots.

Appeals to public order have, occasionally, been openly Islamophobic. Thierry Migoule, head of municipal services in Cannes, claimed that the burkini “refers to an allegiance to terrorist movements”, conveniently ignoring the Muslim victims of recent attacks. Barely a month after Muslims paying their respects to friends and family killed in Nice were racially abused, such comments are both distasteful and irresponsible.

Increased divisions

Feiza Ben Mohammed, spokesperson for the Federation of Southern Muslims, fears that stigmatising Muslims in this way will play into the hands of IS recruiters. That fear seems well-founded: researchers cite a sense of exclusion as a factor behind the radicalisation of a minority of French Muslims. Measures like this can only exacerbate that problem. Indeed, provoking repressive measures against European Muslims to cultivate such a sentiment is part of the IS strategy.

Meanwhile, the day after the incident in Sisco, riot police were needed in nearby Bastia to prevent a 200-strong crowd chanting “this is our home” from entering a neighbourhood with many residents of North African descent. Given the recent warning from France’s head of internal security of the risk of a confrontation between “the extreme right and the Muslim world”, such scenes are equally concerning.

Now more than ever, France needs unity. Yet more legislation against veiled women can only further divide an already divided nation.

The Conversation

Fraser McQueen, PhD Candidate, University of Stirling

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.