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Laurie Penny prescribes a reading list for radical thinkers

This reading list may not make you happy, but it might just make you brave.

Over the past six months, there are certain books and films and snatches of song that have snagged in my brain and refused to let go. Since people have been asking, I've compiled a list, here, of the texts that have been most important to me in understanding the current crisis in Britain and across the world, and the revolutions that have sprung up in resistance to the assault on the young and the poor in Europe, America and the Middle East.

This is not a comprehensive list, and I invite readers to respond in the comments with their own essential articles, books and texts. Nor is this a menu of propaganda: the books listed here represent, taken together, a primer in the nature of capital, the strategies of oppression, and the roots of resistance. This list was designed so as not to patronise those who have ploughed their way through Lenin, Marx and Kropotkin's back catalogue already, but equally so that people who don't feel like reading Das Capital right now won't feel like something's missing. I have deliberately avoided too much hard theory and instead gone for the most inspirational, informative and accessible texts. This reading list may not make you happy, but it might just make you brave. Where possible, I have included links to texts and scripts that are available for free online.

 

 

Part 1: Understanding the Crisis

 

Meltdown, by Paul Mason - Newsnight's Economics editor understands the current economic crisis better than anyone alive. This book explains, with Mason's angry and inimitably accessible flair, the roots of the financial crash and the significance of global responses to that crisis. Essential reading. Mason's Live Working or Die Fighting: how the Working Class Went Global is also well worth a look.

The Shock Doctrine: the Rise of Disaster Capitalism, by Naomi Klein - A painfully well-researched, addictive romp through Friedmanite economic terrorism by one of the best journalists working in English. Read this book and you'll understand how and why world governments are capitalising on the economic crisis to impose austerity on ordinary people.

Treasure Islands: Tax Havens and the Men who Stole the World, by Nicholas Shaxson. Not recommended for anyone with high blood pressure. Half of the world's wealth is rerouted through tax havens. This book traces the concentration of wealth in the hands of an untouchable financial elite. Want to know why Bank of America isn't paying its taxes? This book tells you why. Warning: every four to five pages, you WILL get the urge to hurl this book through the windows of your nearest bank branch. Don't: finish the thing first.

The Enigma of Capital and the Crises of Capitalism, by David Harvey - Another primer on the roots of the crash, explaining why we might well be headed for another. I found this a bit dense, but I'm not the world's fastest reader of economics; others have found it stupendously helpful.

Thatcherism Goes To College: The Conservative Assault on Higher Education, by Matthew Salusbury - I found this slim volume in a second-hand bookshop in 2009, well before the current attack on the academy in Britain, and it gives vital context to the neoliberal repurposing of education. Hard to get hold of though.

The Century of the Self, by Adam Curtis - Curtis is the finest political documentary filmmaker living. This four-part film is essential viewing: without ever straying into the territory of foaming conspiracy-theory, Curtis talks us through the psychology of contemporary capitalism, and the ways in which advertising and politics work together to suppress dissent. The Power of Nightmares and The Trap are also fantastic. All of Curtis' works, as well as his brilliant blog, are available for free online, and watching them whilst curled up with a decent cup of tea, a bottle of cheap whiskey and some angry friends is one of my favourite things to do in the whole world at the moment.

Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media, by Edward Herman and Noam Chomsky. Very important for understanding how the consent of the public is bought and sold by the press, including the liberal media.

The 22 Immutable Laws of Branding - When you understand how businesses build their brand power, you understand how to hit them where it hurts. A book that has been handed aroung the London activist scene, including amongst key members of UKUncut.

Browne's Gamble, by Stefan Collini - An essential essay for anyone wanting to understand how the market is being brought into British education, and why it matters. Browne, for those who don't know, is Lord Browne, former head of BP, who just happened to lead the team that advised the British government to mortgage its universities to the private sector.

The Party Game is Over: Stand and Fight, by John Pilger - Along with Collini's article, this piece was posted on the wall of the UCL occupation, the hub of student resistance in London over Christmas. Read it and you'll see why.

Liar, Liar by Captain Ska - This was the theme tune of Britain's December uprisings.

Stake a Claim, by Dan le Sac versus Scroobius Pip - As was this. I remember this song pumping out of the speakers when UKUncut and others held their rave in front of the Bank of England. The crowd went mental. Watch the video.

 
 

Part 2: Echoes of Insurrection

 

The Coming Insurrection - This short book, written in 2005 by an anonymous French collective known only as The Tarnac 9, has become a core text for radicals and revolutionaries across Europe and the Middle East. Powerful stuff.

Capitalist Realism, by Mark Fisher - A slice of fiery dialectic, drawing from literature and contemporary filmmaking to elucidate the psychology of how contemporary capitalism works us all over.

The Wretched of the Earth, by Frantz Fanon - A powerful explanation of the nature of violent uprising and the psychology of oppression. Almost every page contains quotes that one wants on a poster.

What is Property? by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon - Famous for coining the phrase 'property is theft,' there's more to this punchy little tract than T-shirt slogans.

The Society of the Spectacle, by Guy Debord - The situationist bible; a book that was passed from hand to grimy activist hand in 1968, and remains of equal importance to today's young dissidence. A book about the nature of capitalist reality and the imagery of alienation. One of my favourite images from the winter protests was a snap of a police assault on a member of the Book Bloc, who was carrying a large papier mache shield in the shape of this book. Debord would have been proud.

Anarchism: What it Really Stands For, by Emma Goldman. Does just what it says on the tin. The Godmother of modern anarchism and a lifelong campaigner for women's rights, Goldman tells it how it is for anyone who's still confused about what anarchists actually are.

Twenty Reasons why it's Kicking Off Everywhere - A short, hugely helpful blog post by Paul Mason, which went viral in December. I don't agree with all of his points, but this is one of the most succinct analyses of today's youth uprisings out there.

Fight Back!, edited by Dan Hancox - I was on the editorial board for this book, which is available as a free e-book, and I can assure you that despite my involvement it's the best curation out there of texts, essays, personal testimonies and global perspectives on the winter uprisings of 2011. Go read it right now. Verso's Springtime is another collection of testimonies, also well worth a look, but not, unfortunately, available on the interwebs.

 
And finally....
 

 

The Emily Davison Blues, by Grace Petrie - An infectious, inspiring little number by a rising star of the alt-folk scene.

 
 
 
Please do add your own suggestions in the comments!

Laurie Penny is a contributing editor to the New Statesman. She is the author of five books, most recently Unspeakable Things.

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Meet Anne Marie Waters - the Ukip politician too extreme for Nigel Farage

In January 2016, Waters launched Pegida UK with former EDL frontman Steven Yaxley-Lennon (aka Tommy Robinson). 

There are few people in British political life who can be attacked from the left by Nigel Farage. Yet that is where Anne Marie Waters has found herself. And by the end of September she could well be the new leader of Ukip, a party almost synonymous with its beer-swilling, chain-smoking former leader.

Waters’s political journey is a curious one. She started out on the political left, but like Oswald Mosley before her, has since veered dramatically to the right. That, however, is where the similarities end. Waters is Irish, agnostic, a lesbian and a self-proclaimed feminist.

But it is her politics – rather than who she is – that have caused a stir among Ukip’s old guard. Former leader Paul Nuttall has said that her views make him “uncomfortable” while Farage has claimed Ukip is “finished” if, under her leadership, it becomes an anti-Islam party.

In her rhetoric, Waters echoes groups such as the English Defence League (EDL) and Britain First. She has called Islam “evil” and her leadership manifesto claims that the religion has turned Britain into a “fearful and censorious society”. Waters wants the banning of the burqa, the closure of all sharia councils and a temporary freeze on all immigration.

She started life in Dublin before moving to Germany in her teens to work as an au pair. Waters also lived in the Netherlands before returning to Britain to study journalism at Nottingham Trent University, graduating in 2003. She subsequently gained a second degree in law. It was then, she says, that she first learnt about Islam, which she claims treats women “like absolute dirt”. Now 39, Waters is a full-time campaigner who lives in Essex with her two dogs and her partner who is an accountant.

Waters’s first spell of serious activism was with the campaign group One Law for All, a secularist organisation fronted by the Iranian feminist and human rights activist Maryam Namazie. Waters resigned in November 2013 after four years with the organisation. According to Namazie, Waters left due to political disagreements over whether the group should collaborate with members of far-right groups.

In April 2014, Waters founded Sharia Watch UK and, in January 2016, she launched Pegida UK with former EDL frontman Steven Yaxley-Lennon (aka Tommy Robinson). The group was established as a British chapter of the German-based organisation and was set up to counter what it called the “Islamisation of our countries”. By the summer of 2016, it had petered out.

Waters twice stood unsuccessfully to become a Labour parliamentary candidate. Today, she says she could not back Labour due to its “betrayal of women” and “betrayal of the country” over Islam. After joining Ukip in 2014, she first ran for political office in the Lambeth council election, where she finished in ninth place. At the 2015 general election, Waters stood as the party’s candidate in Lewisham East, finishing third with 9.1 per cent of the vote. She was chosen to stand again in the 2016 London Assembly elections but was deselected after her role in Pegida UK became public. Waters was also prevented from standing in Lewisham East at the 2017 general election after Ukip’s then-leader Nuttall publicly intervened.

The current favourite of the 11 candidates standing to succeed Nuttall is deputy leader Peter Whittle, with Waters in second. Some had hoped the party’s top brass would ban her from standing but last week its national executive approved her campaign.

Due to an expected low turnout, the leadership contest is unpredictable. Last November, Nuttall was elected with just 9,622 votes. More than 1,000 new members reportedly joined Ukip in a two-week period earlier this year, prompting fears of far-right entryism.

Mike Hookem MEP has resigned as Ukip’s deputy whip over Waters’ candidacy, saying he would not “turn a blind eye” to extremism. By contrast, chief whip, MEP Stuart Agnew, is a supporter and has likened her to Joan of Arc. Waters is also working closely on her campaign with Jack Buckby, a former BNP activist and one of the few candidates to run against Labour in the by-election for Jo Cox’s former seat of Batley and Spen. Robinson is another backer.

Peculiarly for someone running to be the leader of a party, Waters does not appear to relish public attention. “I’m not a limelight person,” she recently told the Times. “I don’t like being phoned all the time.”

The journalist Jamie Bartlett, who was invited to the initial launch of Pegida UK in Luton in 2015, said of Waters: “She failed to remember the date of the demo. Her head lolled, her words were slurred, and she appeared to almost fall asleep while Tommy [Robinson] was speaking. After 10 minutes it all ground to an uneasy halt.”

In an age when authenticity is everything, it would be a mistake to underestimate yet another unconventional politician. But perhaps British Muslims shouldn’t panic about Anne Marie Waters just yet.

James Bloodworth is editor of Left Foot Forward

This article first appeared in the 17 August 2017 issue of the New Statesman, Trump goes nuclear