This is what online harassment looks like

Obscene images, hate sites and a game where people are invited to beat you up have been inflicted on Anita Sarkeesian.

When I first wrote about the sexist abuse of women online, collating the experiences of nearly a dozen writers, the response was largely positive. Many hadn't been aware there was a problem; they were shocked. Others had assumed that they were the only ones whose every word on the web was greeted with a torrent of abusive, threatening comments.

But a few reactions stood out, among them that of Brendan O'Neill, the Telegraph blogs section's resident contrarian. He wrote that feminist campaigners pointing this out was a "hilarious echo of the 19th-century notion that women need protecting from vulgar and foul speech". We were, he said, "a tiny number of peculiarly sensitive female bloggers" trying to close down freedom of speech.

The best response to that argument, incidentally, comes from Ally Fogg, who wrote recently:

What you fail to understand is that the use of hate speech, threats and bullying to terrify and intimidate people into silence or away from certain topics is a far bigger threat to free speech than any legal sanction.

Imagine this is not the internet but a public square. One woman stands on a soapbox and expresses an idea. She is instantly surrounded by an army of 5,000 angry people yelling the worst kind of abuse at her in an attempt to shut her up. Yes, there's a free speech issue there. But not the one you think.

I couldn't have put it better myself. As the months have gone on, and more "trolls" (or "online bullies", if you're a semantic stickler) have been exposed, the perception that what we're talking about when we talk about online harrassment is "a few mean comments" or an insult or two has grown.

On 12 June, I wrote about American blogger Anita Sarkeesian, who launched a Kickstarter programme to raise $6,000 to research "tropes vs women in videogames". Donating was - and I really can't stress this enough - completely voluntary. There are Kickstarters for all kinds of things: for example,  a "dance narrative featuring some of NYC's most compelling performers that celebrates the pursuit of love and the joys of imperfection" doesn't sound like my kind of thing, but God Bless Them, they are 89% funded towards their $12,000 goal. 

But a big swath of the internet wasn't prepared to live and let live in Sarkeesian's case, and began spamming her YouTube video comments with a pot-pourri of misogynist, racist and generally vile abuse. Each one individually was grim; together they constituted harassment. (You can read the full story in my blog here).

Since then, Anita Sarkeesian has been subjected to a good deal more harassment. Let's run through the list for anyone who still thinks this issue is about a few mean words.

Image-based harassment

 

This is the kind of stuff people have been sending to Sarkeesian's inbox, repeatedly, and posting on the internet in an attempt to game her Google Image search results. There have also been drawings of her in sexually degrading situations:

Both these sets of images are taken from Sarkeesian's blog post documenting the harassment (and are reproduced with her permission). They have been posted on the web generally, and also sent specifically to her Facebook page, Twitter account and YouTube channel. The second set show, in her words:

The first image depicts a woman drawn to resemble me who is tied up with a wii controller shoved in her mouth while being raped by Mario from behind. The second image is another drawing (clearly sketched to resemble me) featuring a chained nude figure on her knees with 5 penises ejaculating on her face with the words “fuck toy” written on her torso.

Hate sites

These take a couple of forms: either the creation of specific sites dedicated to trashing you (and again, to come up in Google searches of your name) or posting your details on established forums where haters like to hang out. In Sarkeesian's case, that has involved posting her phone number and address. It's hard to see that as anything other than an attempt to intimidate her: "We know where you live".

The interactive "Beat Up Anita Sarkeesian" game

This one is so incredible I had trouble believing it existed. 

It's an interactive game, inviting players to "beat up Anita Sarkeesian".

As you click the screen, bruises and welts appear on her face.

I find this fairly disturbing - the idea that somewhere out there is a man - a 25-year-old from Sault Ste Marie, a city in Ontario, Canada, who was offended enough by Sarkeesian's Kickstarter project that he made this.

In the description accompanying the games, he adds:

Anita Sarkeesian has not only scammed thousands of people out of over $160,000, but also uses the excuse that she is a woman to get away with whatever she damn well pleases. Any form of constructive criticism, even from fellow women, is either ignored or labelled to be sexist against her.

She claims to want gender equality in video games, but in reality, she just wants to use the fact that she was born with a vagina to get free money and sympathy from everyone who crosses her path.

Some of the commenters on the game have expressed disgust, but not all of them. One wrote:

You are so right, sir. It's the execution which lets this game down.

Wikipedia Vandalism

I wrote about this in the initial post, so I'll be brief here: Sarkeesian's Wikipedia page was repeatedly hacked with crude messages and porn images, until it was locked. This went hand in hand with...

Hacking/DDOSing

Hacking is gaining entrance to someone's private data or website, while DDOSing - using "denial of service" attacks - involves sending a website's server so many requests to load the page that it crashes.

That's what happened to Sarkeesian's site as her story got shared around the world. This image was posted as a way of bragging about taking it down:

 

Personal Life

Sarkeesian is rare in sharing so much of the harassment that she has been subjected to -- and it's a brave choice for her to make. Every time I write about this subject, I get a few emails from women who've been through the same thing (and I'm sure there are men, too). They tell me much the same story: this happened to them, but they don't want to talk publicly about it, because they don't want to goad the bullies further. 

If you were Anita Sarkeesian, how would you feel right now? She's somebody with a big online presence through her website, YouTube channel and social media use. All of that has been targeted by people who - and I can't say this enough - didn't like her asking for money to make feminist videos. 

I think Sarkeesian has been incredibly courageous in sharing what's happened to her. Those obscene pictures are intended to shame her, to reduce her to her genitals, and to intimidate her. 

I'm sure there's plenty here which breaks the law - both in the UK and the US. But the solution here probably isn't a legal one: it's for everyone involved to have some basic human decency. This isn't just a few rude words, and it isn't OK. 

An online game invites players to "beat up Anita Sarkeesian".

Helen Lewis is deputy editor of the New Statesman. She has presented BBC Radio 4’s Week in Westminster and is a regular panellist on BBC1’s Sunday Politics.

Photo: Getty
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In local government, Labour needs a new response to Conservative cuts

The Tories have devolved the axe - Labour has to fight back, says Michael Chessum.

Imagine being in government (a wistful thought for many readers of this blog, I know) and having a device that forced the main opposition party to take responsibility for your most unpopular policies. Not just a rhetorical flourish that enabled you to blame the previous government, but a mechanism that meant that, day-by-day, your opponent had to be the face of cuts to people's most valued services. The Conservative government has exactly such a device: it's called local goverment, and all over the country it is pushing local Labour parties into a confrontation, both with service users, and especially now in the era of left-wing influx, with party members and trade unionists.

This coming Monday, Unison members in Lambeth will go on strike in opposition to major cuts to local library services, including a plan to turn three libraries into gyms, causing redundancies and a loss of capacity in what is already an overstretched service. For the council, the reduction in library services is unfortunate but necessary. But staff have voted with an 88.5 per cent mandate to strike. The cuts are, according to Lambeth Unison branch secretary Ruth Cashman, “nothing short of cultural vandalism”.

The Tories' use of local government cuts to hit Labour-controlled areas is not new. In the mainstream commentariat, it has become the norm to blame the big stand-offs between the Thatcher government and local councils like Liverpool on the hard left, in part because this narrative is one of the founding myths of New Labour. But they were in large part a result of a deliberate policy of underfunding, rate-capping and removal of powers from local authorities. That policy continues today: many deprived Labour-controlled councils like Lambeth are set to face cuts more than ten times harsher than those imposed on leafy Conservative-controlled councils.

Disputes like those over Lambeth's libraries go to the heart of what Labour is for. For Jane Edebrook, the councillor responsible for the libraries policy,  the cuts are simply unavoidable given the scale of central government cuts and “the fact that we spend more than 50 per cent of our remaining budget on the 10,000 most vulnerable adults and children in the borough”. Cashman, who is herself a Labour activist as well as a trade union rep, points out that there are 16 council officers on over £100,000 per year, and another 19 agency staff in the same pay bracket. “I will not be lectured”, she says “on libraries versus children’s social care when holding a pay report signed by 16 officers who each individually earn more than the entire budget for children’s books across ten libraries”. In Labour wards and CLPs in the local area, motions have been passed condemning the cuts and supporting Lambeth Unison.

The internal crisis provoked by budget cuts is not limited to Lambeth. Two weeks ago, the Labour group on Haringey Council suspended one of its councillors, Gideon Bull. Bull's offence was to speak out against the closure of local day centres for adults with dementia and disabilities in a Cabinet meeting. Tottenham CLP has formally condemned Bull's suspension. Since the Tories came back into power, there have been a number of episodes in which Labour councillors have rebelled against the whip on cuts in Southampton, Nottingham, Sunderland, Hull and elsewhere. Most have faced disciplinary action or been pushed out of the party altogether.

Even on the left of the Labour Party, the idea of setting illegal budgets and refusing to implement central government cuts is controversial. Just before Christmas, the new leadership penned a letter to council leaders clarifying that they did not support the idea – and although their objections were tactical rather than ethical, this does mark a significant change for likes of John McDonnell, who publicly supported the tactic in the 1980s. Nonetheless, the scale of cuts being funnelled through local government presents a serious danger to Labour, especially under its new anti-austerity leader.

“The answer from Lambeth's trade unions,” says Ruth Cashman, “is fight with us. They say 'we have to do the responsible thing' – but when Labour councils did the responsible thing, the government thanked them by making even deeper cuts. It is not responsible to sell off your libraries, or to dismantle services which save lives and make life worth living.” Although the law now makes it much easier for central government to take over where councils set illegal budgets, doing so could, say activists, still be a viable strategy for defeating cuts – if Labour's councils got on board, prepared well, and jumped at the same time. The problem is that they almost certainly won't. Many Labour councillors are committed to the idea of a balanced budget, and the political culture in many Labour groups means that dissenting voices are often silenced.

Whatever happens, if Labour is to be a credible anti-austerity party, it will have to develop a serious anti-cuts strategy in local government. That might not immediately involve setting illegal budgets, but it must certainly involve council leaderships respecting the will of trade unions, party members and the communities they represent.  Otherwise, the Conservatives will get what they want: a Labour Party that fights itself and cuts your local library.