This is what online harassment looks like

Obscene images, hate sites and a game where people are invited to beat you up have been inflicted on Anita Sarkeesian.

When I first wrote about the sexist abuse of women online, collating the experiences of nearly a dozen writers, the response was largely positive. Many hadn't been aware there was a problem; they were shocked. Others had assumed that they were the only ones whose every word on the web was greeted with a torrent of abusive, threatening comments.

But a few reactions stood out, among them that of Brendan O'Neill, the Telegraph blogs section's resident contrarian. He wrote that feminist campaigners pointing this out was a "hilarious echo of the 19th-century notion that women need protecting from vulgar and foul speech". We were, he said, "a tiny number of peculiarly sensitive female bloggers" trying to close down freedom of speech.

The best response to that argument, incidentally, comes from Ally Fogg, who wrote recently:

What you fail to understand is that the use of hate speech, threats and bullying to terrify and intimidate people into silence or away from certain topics is a far bigger threat to free speech than any legal sanction.

Imagine this is not the internet but a public square. One woman stands on a soapbox and expresses an idea. She is instantly surrounded by an army of 5,000 angry people yelling the worst kind of abuse at her in an attempt to shut her up. Yes, there's a free speech issue there. But not the one you think.

I couldn't have put it better myself. As the months have gone on, and more "trolls" (or "online bullies", if you're a semantic stickler) have been exposed, the perception that what we're talking about when we talk about online harrassment is "a few mean comments" or an insult or two has grown.

On 12 June, I wrote about American blogger Anita Sarkeesian, who launched a Kickstarter programme to raise $6,000 to research "tropes vs women in videogames". Donating was - and I really can't stress this enough - completely voluntary. There are Kickstarters for all kinds of things: for example,  a "dance narrative featuring some of NYC's most compelling performers that celebrates the pursuit of love and the joys of imperfection" doesn't sound like my kind of thing, but God Bless Them, they are 89% funded towards their $12,000 goal. 

But a big swath of the internet wasn't prepared to live and let live in Sarkeesian's case, and began spamming her YouTube video comments with a pot-pourri of misogynist, racist and generally vile abuse. Each one individually was grim; together they constituted harassment. (You can read the full story in my blog here).

Since then, Anita Sarkeesian has been subjected to a good deal more harassment. Let's run through the list for anyone who still thinks this issue is about a few mean words.

Image-based harassment


This is the kind of stuff people have been sending to Sarkeesian's inbox, repeatedly, and posting on the internet in an attempt to game her Google Image search results. There have also been drawings of her in sexually degrading situations:

Both these sets of images are taken from Sarkeesian's blog post documenting the harassment (and are reproduced with her permission). They have been posted on the web generally, and also sent specifically to her Facebook page, Twitter account and YouTube channel. The second set show, in her words:

The first image depicts a woman drawn to resemble me who is tied up with a wii controller shoved in her mouth while being raped by Mario from behind. The second image is another drawing (clearly sketched to resemble me) featuring a chained nude figure on her knees with 5 penises ejaculating on her face with the words “fuck toy” written on her torso.

Hate sites

These take a couple of forms: either the creation of specific sites dedicated to trashing you (and again, to come up in Google searches of your name) or posting your details on established forums where haters like to hang out. In Sarkeesian's case, that has involved posting her phone number and address. It's hard to see that as anything other than an attempt to intimidate her: "We know where you live".

The interactive "Beat Up Anita Sarkeesian" game

This one is so incredible I had trouble believing it existed. 

It's an interactive game, inviting players to "beat up Anita Sarkeesian".

As you click the screen, bruises and welts appear on her face.

I find this fairly disturbing - the idea that somewhere out there is a man - a 25-year-old from Sault Ste Marie, a city in Ontario, Canada, who was offended enough by Sarkeesian's Kickstarter project that he made this.

In the description accompanying the games, he adds:

Anita Sarkeesian has not only scammed thousands of people out of over $160,000, but also uses the excuse that she is a woman to get away with whatever she damn well pleases. Any form of constructive criticism, even from fellow women, is either ignored or labelled to be sexist against her.

She claims to want gender equality in video games, but in reality, she just wants to use the fact that she was born with a vagina to get free money and sympathy from everyone who crosses her path.

Some of the commenters on the game have expressed disgust, but not all of them. One wrote:

You are so right, sir. It's the execution which lets this game down.

Wikipedia Vandalism

I wrote about this in the initial post, so I'll be brief here: Sarkeesian's Wikipedia page was repeatedly hacked with crude messages and porn images, until it was locked. This went hand in hand with...


Hacking is gaining entrance to someone's private data or website, while DDOSing - using "denial of service" attacks - involves sending a website's server so many requests to load the page that it crashes.

That's what happened to Sarkeesian's site as her story got shared around the world. This image was posted as a way of bragging about taking it down:


Personal Life

Sarkeesian is rare in sharing so much of the harassment that she has been subjected to -- and it's a brave choice for her to make. Every time I write about this subject, I get a few emails from women who've been through the same thing (and I'm sure there are men, too). They tell me much the same story: this happened to them, but they don't want to talk publicly about it, because they don't want to goad the bullies further. 

If you were Anita Sarkeesian, how would you feel right now? She's somebody with a big online presence through her website, YouTube channel and social media use. All of that has been targeted by people who - and I can't say this enough - didn't like her asking for money to make feminist videos. 

I think Sarkeesian has been incredibly courageous in sharing what's happened to her. Those obscene pictures are intended to shame her, to reduce her to her genitals, and to intimidate her. 

I'm sure there's plenty here which breaks the law - both in the UK and the US. But the solution here probably isn't a legal one: it's for everyone involved to have some basic human decency. This isn't just a few rude words, and it isn't OK. 

An online game invites players to "beat up Anita Sarkeesian".

Helen Lewis is deputy editor of the New Statesman. She has presented BBC Radio 4’s Week in Westminster and is a regular panellist on BBC1’s Sunday Politics.

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Is the Pope cool enough to take on homophobia in religion?

LGBT rights should be our Cool Pope's next frontier.

Francis has done a lot to earn that “Cool Pope” moniker, he really has. Walking into America and taking the side of the poor is a bold move. This is a country, remember, in which more than 15 people (not even as a joke) think Donald Trump should be president. So, on his recent visit to the US in which he decried things like corporate greed, Cool Pope was met by a lot of angry men and women with immense, sculptural Republican hairdos shouting words like “Marxist”.

During his two-year papacy, Cool Pope has instigated a debate about the Roman Catholic Church’s stance on divorce, authorised priests to “forgive” women who have had abortions (yes, this is a far cry from actually allowing Catholic women autonomy over their bodies, but hey, it’s a start), and called for action on climate change. But, most importantly, perhaps, CP has channeled the focus of the Church away from sinful stalwarts like abortion, homosexuality and contraception – things he accused the Church of being “obsessed” with in a 2013 interview  and towards fighting global poverty. Something Jesus would think was quite cool, I imagine. But hey, I’m an agnostic Jewish lesbian.

Then again, in shifting the Vatican’s attention away from homosexuality hasn’t Cool Pope just swept the issue under one of their big, fancy rugs (I’ve never actually been to the Vatican, but I imagine they have these)? The Wikipedia entry for “Homosexuality and Roman Catholicism” is over 16,000 words long. That’s around twice the length of the entry for “Cat”. Anyone who’s been on the internet lately, other than to read this piece, will know this is kind of a big deal.

Catholicism’s relationship with homosexuality isn’t just “complicated”, it’s “thesis-length complicated”. I may not be a gay Catholic myself, but I’ve dated more than one of them. OK, we’re not talking full-on Opus Dei self-flagellators, but I know a little bit about lesbian Catholic guilt. Meanwhile, all Cool Pope has really added to the fiercely convoluted dialogue involving God and gayness is the phrase, “who am I to judge?”. This, he directed at gay priests. In all fairness though, even his use of the word “gay” (as apposed to the more clinical “homosexual”) marked him out as a liberal by Vatican standards.

Since Francis was made Pope in 2013, his progressiveness, or lack thereof, has been debated in many, many, many articles. What the authors of many of these many, many articles seem to forget is the fact that they’re not discussing a politician, but the anointed patriarch of a 2,000-year-old religion. Cool as he may be, Pope Francis probably isn’t going to turn the Vatican into the world’s plushest gay club anytime soon.

True progressiveness in religion seems to come about in baby steps – cute little pigeon-toed baby Jesus steps, if you like. But since religious acceptance is the final frontier in the global push for LGBT rights, the cleverer religious leaders should probably think about taking at least one grown-up Jesus step. And who better to do this than Cool Pope? Sure, if he were to don a rainbow Pope hat (that’s the technical term) and declare to the 1.2bn Roman Catholics of the world, “gay is OK”, not all of them would be immediately convinced. But, as I said of his stance on abortion, it would be a start. A fairly significant start, actually.

OK so, seeing as the Pope very recently met with homophobic Christianity’s new poster child, Kim Davis, the rainbow hat thing isn’t exactly imminent. Cool Pope, while in the US, allegedly told Davis – the Kentucky county clerk who was jailed for refusing to issue a marriage license to a same-sex couple – to “stay strong”. Really, Cool Pope? Not cool.

Meanwhile, in South America and parts of West Africa, in particular, the Catholic Church remains one of the loudest voices against progress of any kind. If religion is ever going to stop doing battle with modernity, Catholicism is one sect that could really stand to be a lot less “thou shalt not”.

After all, wasn’t it the Catholic Church that famously protected so many Jews during the Holocaust? (Yeah, let’s set the Spanish Inquisition to one side for a moment). And wasn’t John F Kennedy, one of the US’s most progressive leaders, also the only ever Catholic president? Not to mention (OK, fictional) President Bartlet of the West Wing, a Catholic who in one of the greatest TV moments ever completely eviscerates an anti-gay Christian. And, while we’re doing fictional, what about those Nazi car-wrecking nuns in The Sound of Music, eh? Anyway, fictional or genuine, Catholics have a history, albeit a modern one, of standing up for oppressed people. If anyone is going to take on religion’s anti-gay stigma, it might as well be a Catholic. Your move, Cool Pope.

Eleanor Margolis is a freelance journalist, whose "Lez Miserable" column appears weekly on the New Statesman website.