This is what online harassment looks like

Obscene images, hate sites and a game where people are invited to beat you up have been inflicted on Anita Sarkeesian.

When I first wrote about the sexist abuse of women online, collating the experiences of nearly a dozen writers, the response was largely positive. Many hadn't been aware there was a problem; they were shocked. Others had assumed that they were the only ones whose every word on the web was greeted with a torrent of abusive, threatening comments.

But a few reactions stood out, among them that of Brendan O'Neill, the Telegraph blogs section's resident contrarian. He wrote that feminist campaigners pointing this out was a "hilarious echo of the 19th-century notion that women need protecting from vulgar and foul speech". We were, he said, "a tiny number of peculiarly sensitive female bloggers" trying to close down freedom of speech.

The best response to that argument, incidentally, comes from Ally Fogg, who wrote recently:

What you fail to understand is that the use of hate speech, threats and bullying to terrify and intimidate people into silence or away from certain topics is a far bigger threat to free speech than any legal sanction.

Imagine this is not the internet but a public square. One woman stands on a soapbox and expresses an idea. She is instantly surrounded by an army of 5,000 angry people yelling the worst kind of abuse at her in an attempt to shut her up. Yes, there's a free speech issue there. But not the one you think.

I couldn't have put it better myself. As the months have gone on, and more "trolls" (or "online bullies", if you're a semantic stickler) have been exposed, the perception that what we're talking about when we talk about online harrassment is "a few mean comments" or an insult or two has grown.

On 12 June, I wrote about American blogger Anita Sarkeesian, who launched a Kickstarter programme to raise $6,000 to research "tropes vs women in videogames". Donating was - and I really can't stress this enough - completely voluntary. There are Kickstarters for all kinds of things: for example,  a "dance narrative featuring some of NYC's most compelling performers that celebrates the pursuit of love and the joys of imperfection" doesn't sound like my kind of thing, but God Bless Them, they are 89% funded towards their $12,000 goal. 

But a big swath of the internet wasn't prepared to live and let live in Sarkeesian's case, and began spamming her YouTube video comments with a pot-pourri of misogynist, racist and generally vile abuse. Each one individually was grim; together they constituted harassment. (You can read the full story in my blog here).

Since then, Anita Sarkeesian has been subjected to a good deal more harassment. Let's run through the list for anyone who still thinks this issue is about a few mean words.

Image-based harassment

 

This is the kind of stuff people have been sending to Sarkeesian's inbox, repeatedly, and posting on the internet in an attempt to game her Google Image search results. There have also been drawings of her in sexually degrading situations:

Both these sets of images are taken from Sarkeesian's blog post documenting the harassment (and are reproduced with her permission). They have been posted on the web generally, and also sent specifically to her Facebook page, Twitter account and YouTube channel. The second set show, in her words:

The first image depicts a woman drawn to resemble me who is tied up with a wii controller shoved in her mouth while being raped by Mario from behind. The second image is another drawing (clearly sketched to resemble me) featuring a chained nude figure on her knees with 5 penises ejaculating on her face with the words “fuck toy” written on her torso.

Hate sites

These take a couple of forms: either the creation of specific sites dedicated to trashing you (and again, to come up in Google searches of your name) or posting your details on established forums where haters like to hang out. In Sarkeesian's case, that has involved posting her phone number and address. It's hard to see that as anything other than an attempt to intimidate her: "We know where you live".

The interactive "Beat Up Anita Sarkeesian" game

This one is so incredible I had trouble believing it existed. 

It's an interactive game, inviting players to "beat up Anita Sarkeesian".

As you click the screen, bruises and welts appear on her face.

I find this fairly disturbing - the idea that somewhere out there is a man - a 25-year-old from Sault Ste Marie, a city in Ontario, Canada, who was offended enough by Sarkeesian's Kickstarter project that he made this.

In the description accompanying the games, he adds:

Anita Sarkeesian has not only scammed thousands of people out of over $160,000, but also uses the excuse that she is a woman to get away with whatever she damn well pleases. Any form of constructive criticism, even from fellow women, is either ignored or labelled to be sexist against her.

She claims to want gender equality in video games, but in reality, she just wants to use the fact that she was born with a vagina to get free money and sympathy from everyone who crosses her path.

Some of the commenters on the game have expressed disgust, but not all of them. One wrote:

You are so right, sir. It's the execution which lets this game down.

Wikipedia Vandalism

I wrote about this in the initial post, so I'll be brief here: Sarkeesian's Wikipedia page was repeatedly hacked with crude messages and porn images, until it was locked. This went hand in hand with...

Hacking/DDOSing

Hacking is gaining entrance to someone's private data or website, while DDOSing - using "denial of service" attacks - involves sending a website's server so many requests to load the page that it crashes.

That's what happened to Sarkeesian's site as her story got shared around the world. This image was posted as a way of bragging about taking it down:

 

Personal Life

Sarkeesian is rare in sharing so much of the harassment that she has been subjected to -- and it's a brave choice for her to make. Every time I write about this subject, I get a few emails from women who've been through the same thing (and I'm sure there are men, too). They tell me much the same story: this happened to them, but they don't want to talk publicly about it, because they don't want to goad the bullies further. 

If you were Anita Sarkeesian, how would you feel right now? She's somebody with a big online presence through her website, YouTube channel and social media use. All of that has been targeted by people who - and I can't say this enough - didn't like her asking for money to make feminist videos. 

I think Sarkeesian has been incredibly courageous in sharing what's happened to her. Those obscene pictures are intended to shame her, to reduce her to her genitals, and to intimidate her. 

I'm sure there's plenty here which breaks the law - both in the UK and the US. But the solution here probably isn't a legal one: it's for everyone involved to have some basic human decency. This isn't just a few rude words, and it isn't OK. 

An online game invites players to "beat up Anita Sarkeesian".

Helen Lewis is deputy editor of the New Statesman. She has presented BBC Radio 4’s Week in Westminster and is a regular panellist on BBC1’s Sunday Politics.

Photo: Getty Images
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The honours system should be for heroes, not David Cameron's mates

These things are meant to be our brightest and best, not an Employee of the Month award for Cameron's chums. 

People feel differently about the honours system. Some people – many of them New Statesman readers – see them as a pointless relic of our imperial past. But the fact remains that for a lot of people, they remain a genuine honour: something to feel proud of.

Take Dr Nigel O’Connor,  a haematologist who worked for the NHS for close to 40 years, and founded the Shropshire Blood Trust, a charity that has raised enough money to set up a dedicated cancer treatment facility. He received an MBE, the same honour today bestowed on Margaret Binks, Nick Clegg’s constituency manager, Andrew Sangar, Nick Clegg’s election agent, and Phillipa Rudkin, George Osborne’s constituency manager.

Successfully electing a Liberal Democrat in 2015 may have been rare, but I’m yet to be convinced it was an act of heroism on a par with O’Connor’s. Electing a Conservative in Tatton, however, is neither heroic nor rare: with the exception of 1997, they’ve managed at every election since the seat’s creation. It is, however, more difficult than electing a Conservative in David Cameron’s constituency of Witney: his constituency manager, Caroline Balcon, receives an OBE.

For comparison, that’s the same honour that went to Jonathan Clegg, the “White Zulu”, an anti-apartheid musician and campaigner, and – to declare an interest – to my grandfather, for services to the treatment of HIV and Aids. I regard the whole thing as a somewhat strange affair – but I know it meant a great deal to him.

As of today, he shares this award not only with Balcon, but with Ramesh Chhabra, Osborne’s former spinner, and Hilary Stephenson, the deputy chief executive of the Liberal Democrats.

Now, yes, of course, all of these people work exceptionally hard. It is worth pointing out, however, they are all paid for these efforts and, when they leave post, they can, like Rupert Harrison, now the proud owner of a CBE, and formerly of the Treasury, pick up a hefty pay cheque in the private sector afterwards. (It is worth noting that Downing Street’s catering assistants, who also work exceptionally hard but are unlikely to leverage their long hours into a lucrative slot on the speakers’ circuit, have been given a lesser honour, the BEM. Never let it be said that class hatred isn’t alive, well, and in Downing Street with a majority.)

And look, you can say that the honours system is an anachronistic joke, and that parties of all stripes hand them out to their mates. But parties of all stripes hand out honours to their friends and the process is always fairly grim, but this is a particularly ugly list – where the main requirement seems to be “I successfully came into work for Nick Clegg, David Cameron or George Osborne for more than a year”.

 No fewer than three sitting special advisors, including David Cameron’s deputy chief of staff, receive life peerages.  In total, six gongs have been given to former Liberal Democrat SpAds, and 10 have gone to Conservatives.  It feels more like an end-of-season set of awards for a pub football team (“Lad of the year goes to Big Rupe!”) than an honours system.

Which is fine, if, like me, you think the whole thing is an anachronism. But Nigel O’Connor doesn’t think that. Jonathan Clegg doesn’t think that. My grandfather didn’t think that. And really, shouldn’t the honours system work for them, not Cameron’s mates? 

Stephen Bush is editor of the Staggers, the New Statesman’s political blog.