Benn's warning to Labour

Veteran politician and campaigner Tony Benn warns moves afoot at this year's conference to shave yet

The great theme for the Labour Party now is the need for participation and a greater involvement of MPs and local authorities in the decisions that are made by government.

This was the basis on which the Prime Minister made his statement about the need for Parliament to have a bigger role and to invite Digby Jones and others into consultation.

This idea surfaced during the deputy leadership campaign and gave people the hope that after years of spin and manipulation members of the Party at every level would have a great role to play and this was much welcomed.

At the Conference in Bournemouth next week two issues will come up, which will provide a litmus test of how serious the intentions of the leadership are.

The first relates to the argument about a referendum before Britain adheres to the Treaty that has replaced the European constitution in name but not in substance and it is significant that the TUC came out in favour of a referendum as did Keith Vaz, a former Minister for Europe who quite properly argued that our relations with the EU would not succeed unless based on full public consent.

The second issue relates to the Conference itself in policy making after ten years when new arrangements came in under the heading “Partnership in Power” which introduced a National Policy Forum and greatly reduced the role of the delegates every year to eight resolutions on contemporary issues which could be tabled and debated and decided and which then constituted the official policy of the Party at Conference.

But this year the Conference will have before it new proposals which could remove contemporary resolutions and delegates will only be able to identify issues they want the Policy Forum to discuss.

If such a proposal were accepted, the Labour Party would have no opportunity of deciding its own policy.

In the past the government has disregarded the Conference, for example on pensions, and railway privatisation and in some cases has put pressure on the Conference Arrangements Committee to prevent some delicate issues like Iraq or Trident from being discussed.

Members of the Party would then only have the right to say Yes or No to the manifesto in a referendum of all members with no powers of amendment.

If this was agreed, Conference could endanger the future of the Labour Party by ending its right to reach any decision, and the Labour Party itself could lose popular support if it denied the public the right to decide our relations with Europe as it becomes clearer that the Commission wants it to be a superstate in which member states are reduced to glorified local authorities.

Tony Benn retired from Parliament in 2001 after more than 50 years to ‘devote more time to politics’. The longest serving Labour MP in the history of the party he served as a cabinet minister under Wilson and Callaghan.
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"We repealed, then forgot": the long shadow of Section 28 homophobia

Why are deeply conservative views about the "promotion" of homosexuality still being reiterated to Scottish school pupils? 

Grim stories of LGBTI children being bullied in school are all too common. But one which emerged over the weekend garnered particular attention - because of the echoes of the infamous Section 28, nearly two decades after it was scrapped.

A 16-year-old pupil of a West Lothian school, who does not wish to be named, told Pink News that staff asked him to remove his small rainbow pride badge because, though they had "no problem" with his sexuality, it was not appropriate to "promote it" in school. It's a blast from the past - the rules against "promoting" homosexuality were repealed in 2000 in Scotland, but the long legacy of Section 28 seems hard to shake off. 

The local authority responsible said in a statement that non-school related badges are not permitted on uniforms, and says it is "committed to equal rights for LGBT people". 

The small badge depicted a rainbow-striped heart, which the pupil said he had brought back from the Edinburgh Pride march the previous weekend. He reportedly "no longer feels comfortable going to school", and said homophobia from staff members felt "much more scar[y] than when I encountered the same from other pupils". 

At a time when four Scottish party leaders are gay, and the new Westminster parliament included a record number of LGBTQ MPs, the political world is making progress in promoting equality. But education, it seems, has not kept up. According to research from LGBT rights campaigners Stonewall, 40 per cent of LGBT pupils across the UK reported being taught nothing about LGBT issues at school. Among trans students, 44 per cent said school staff didn’t know what "trans" even means.

The need for teacher training and curriculum reform is at the top of campaigners' agendas. "We're disappointed but not surprised by this example," says Jordan Daly, the co-founder of Time for Inclusive Education [TIE]. His grassroots campaign focuses on making politicians and wider society aware of the reality LGBTI school students in Scotland face. "We're in schools on a monthly basis, so we know this is by no means an isolated incident." 

Studies have repeatedly shown a startling level of self-harm and mental illness reported by LGBTI school students. Trans students are particularly at risk. In 2015, Daly and colleagues began a tour of schools. Shocking stories included one in which a teacher singled out a trans pupils for ridicule in front of the class. More commonly, though, staff told them the same story: we just don't know what we're allowed to say about gay relationships. 

This is the point, according to Daly - retraining, or rather the lack of it. For some of those teachers trained during the 1980s and 1990s, when Section 28 prevented local authorities from "promoting homosexuality", confusion still reigns about what they can and cannot teach - or even mention in front of their pupils. 

The infamous clause was specific in its homophobia: the "acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship" could not be mentioned in schools. But it's been 17 years since the clause was repealed in Scotland - indeed, it was one of the very first acts of the new Scottish Parliament (the rest of the UK followed suit three years later). Why are we still hearing this archaic language? 

"We repealed, we clapped and cheered, and then we just forgot," Daly says. After the bitter campaign in Scotland, in which an alliance of churches led by millionaire businessman Brian Souter poured money into "Keeping the Clause", the government was pleased with its victory, which seemed to establish Holyrood as a progressive political space early on in the life of the parliament. But without updating the curriculum or retraining teaching staff, Daly argues, it left a "massive vacuum" of uncertainty. 

The Stonewall research suggests a similar confusion is likely across the UK. Daly doesn't believe the situation in Scotland is notably worse than in England, and disputes the oft-cited allegation that the issue is somehow worse in Scotland's denominational schools. Homophobia may be "wrapped up in the language of religious belief" in certain schools, he says, but it's "just as much of a problem elsewhere. The TIE campaign doesn't have different strategies for different schools." 

After initial disappointments - their thousands-strong petition to change the curriculum was thrown out by parliament in 2016 - the campaign has won the support of leaders such as Nicola Sturgeon and Kezia Dugdale, and recently, the backing of a majority of MSPs. The Scottish government has set up a working group, and promised a national strategy. 

But for Daly, who himself struggled at a young age with his sexuality and society's failure to accept it, the matter remains an urgent one.  At just 21, he can reel off countless painful stories of young LGBTI students - some of which end in tragedy. One of the saddest elements of the story from St Kentigern's is that the pupil claimed his school was the safest place he had to express his identity, because he was not out at home. Perhaps for a gay pupil in ten years time, that will be a guarantee. 

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